CHRISTIANS & JEWS.
What is Islamic stand on Jesus Christ?
Jesus is named in Quran as “Issa” (peace upon him). In many verses of the Glorious Quran Allah the Exalted denied the claim of the Christians that He has a son. A delegation from Najran came to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing upon him). They began to talk about their claim about the Trinity, which is that Allah is three in one, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, with some disagreement among their sects. That is why Allah affirmed in many verses of the Quran that Issa is a slave of Allah, whom He molded in the womb of his mother like any other of His creatures, and that He created him without a father, as He created Adam without a father or a mother.
Allah describes his birth steps, first about her mother, in Quran:
“Allah chose Adam, Noah, the family of Ibrahim and the family of Imran above the Alamin (mankind and jinns of their times) (33) Offspring, one of the other, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower (34) Remember when the wife of Imran said: "O my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your Place of worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All Knowing." (35) Then when she delivered her (child Maryam), she said: "O my Lord! I have delivered a female child," and Allah knew better what she delivered, - "and the male is not like the female, and I have named her Maryam, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and for her offspring from Satan, the outcast." (36) So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zechariah. Every time he entered Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), he found her supplied with sustenance. He said: "O Maryam! From where have you got this?"She said: "From Allah. Verily, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit." (Aale-Imran 3:33 - 37)
Allah declared that He had elected Adam (peace be upon him) and the elite of his offspring who obey Allah. Then He specified the family of Abraham (Ibrahaim pbuh), which includes the sons of Ishmael (Ismail pbuh), and the family of Imran, the father of Maryam.
Prophet Zachariah’s (Zakaria pbuh) wife's sister had a daughter named Hannah. She was married to Imran, a leader of the Israelites. For many years, the couple remained childless. Whenever Hannah saw another woman with a child, her longing for a baby increased. Although years had passed, she never lost hope. She believed that one day Allah would bless her with a child, on whom she would shower all her motherly love.
She turned to the Lord of the heavens and the earth and pleaded with Him for a child. She would offer the child in the service of Allah's house, in the temple of Jerusalem. Allah granted her request. When she learned that she was pregnant, she was the happiest woman alive, and thanked Allah for His gift. Her overjoyed husband Imran also thanked Allah for His mercy.
However, while she was pregnant her husband passed away. Hannah wept bitterly. Alas, Imran did not live to see their child for whom they had so longed. She gave birth to a girl, and again turned to Allah in prayer. Allah says in Quran:
“Then when she delivered her (child Maryam), she said: "O my Lord! I have delivered a female child," and Allah knew better what she delivered, - "and the male is not like the female, and I have named her Maryam, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and for her offspring from Satan, the outcast." (Aale-Imran 3:36)
Hannah had a big problem in reference to her promise to Allah, for females were not accepted into the temple, and she was very worried. Her sister's husband Zachariah, comforted her, saying that Allah knew best what she had delivered and appreciated fully what she had offered in His service. She wrapped the baby in a shawl and handed it over to the temple elders. As the baby was a girl, the question of her guardianship posed a problem for the elders. This was a child of their late and beloved leader, and everyone was eager to take care of her. Zachariah said to the elders: "I am the husband of her maternal aunt and her nearest relation in the temple; therefore, I will be more mindful of her than all of you."
As it was their custom to draw lots to solve disagreements, they followed this course. Each one was given a reed to throw into the river. They had agreed that whoever's reed remained afloat would be granted guardianship of the girl. All the reeds sank to the bottom except Zachariah’s. With this sign, they all surrendered to the will of Allah and made him the guardian.
To ensure that no one had access to Maryam (Merry) , Zachariah built a separate room for her in the temple. As she grew up, she spent her time in devotion to Allah. Zachariah visited her daily to see to her needs, and so it continued for many years. One day, he was surprised to find fresh fruit, which was out of season in her room. As he was the only person who could enter her room, he asked her how the fruit got there. She replied that these provisions were from Allah, as He gives to whom He wills. Zachariah understood by this that Allah had raised Maryam's status above that of other women.
Thereafter, Zachariah spent more time with her, teaching and guiding her. Maryam grew to be a devotee of Allah, glorifying Him day and night.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "The best of the world's women is Maryam (in her lifetime), and the best of the world's women is Khadija (in her lifetime)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Abu Musa Al-Ashari also narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "May among men attained perfection but among women none attained perfection except Maryam the daughter of Imran, and Asiya the wife of Pharaoh, and the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (an Arabic dish) to other meals."
As per Quran while Maryam was praying in her temple, an angel in the form of a man appeared before her. Filled with terror, she tried to flee, praying: Allah the Exalted revealed this event in Quran: “And mention Marium in the Book when she drew aside from her family to an eastern place (16) She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects (17) She said: "I seek refuge from thee to (Allah) Most Gracious: (come not near) if thou dost fear Allah." (18) He said: "Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to thee the gift of a holy son (19) She said: "How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?" (20) He said: "So (it will be): Thy Lord saith, 'that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us':It is a matter (so) decreed." (Maryam 19:16 - 21)
The angel's visit caused Maryam great anxiety, which increased as the months went by. How could she face giving birth to a child without having a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her. With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went to Nazareth, the city in which she had been born where she settled in a simple farm house to avoid the public.
But fear and anxiety did not leave her. She was from a noble and pious family. Her father had not been an evil man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could she prevent tongues from wagging about her honor?
After some months, she could not bear the mental strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to go to be away from this depressing atmosphere.
She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. She saw down against a dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at her beautiful baby, she was hurt that she had brought him into the world without a father. The event is continued in Quran: “So she conceived him (Jesus), and she withdrew with him to a far place (i.e. Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem). (22) And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said: "Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!" (23) Then (one) cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not! Thy Lord hath placed a rivulet beneath thee, (24) And shake the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe-dates upon you (25) So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: 'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allâh) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.'" (Maryam 19:22 - 26)
For a while she was comforted by Allah's miracle, for it was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.
She decided to return to the city. However, her fears also returned. What was she going to tell the people? As if sharing his mother's worry, the baby began to speak: "If you meet any person say: 'I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and may not speak to any human today.'" With this miracle, Maryam felt at ease.
As she had expected, her arrival in the city with a newborn baby in her arms aroused the curiosity of the people. They scolded her: "This is a terrible sin that you have committed." She put her finger to her lips and pointed to the child. They asked: "How can we speak to a newborn baby?" To their total amazement, the child began to speak clearly: Quran describes it.
"At length she brought the (babe) to her people, carrying him (in her arms). They said: ‘O Mary! Truly an amazing thing hast thou brought! (27) “O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of evil, nor thy mother a woman unchaste!’" (28) But she pointed to the babe. They said: "How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?" (29) “He said: "I am indeed a servant of Allah: He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet” (30) “And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me Salât (prayer), and Zakât, as long as I live." (31) "And dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest” (32) "So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die and the Day that I shall be raised up to life (again)". (Maryam 19:27 - 33)
Most of the people realized that the baby was unique, for it Allah wills something, He merely says "Be" and it happens. Of course, there were some who regarded the baby's speech as a strange trick, but at least Maryam could now stay in Nazareth without being harassed.
Allah the Exalted continues and telling people that it is against His dignity to cause a birth attributed to Him :
Such is 'Issa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). (it is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute). (34) It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! when He determines a matter, He only says to it, "Be", and it is. (35) Verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord: Him therefore serve ye: this is a Way that is straight. (36) But the sects (Christians & Jews) differ among themselves: and woe to the unbelievers because of the (coming) Judgment of a Momentous Day! (37) How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error. (38) And warn them (O Muhammad SAW) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not” (Maryam 19:34 - 39)
It was said that Joseph the Carpenter was greatly surprised when he knew the story, so he asked Maryam: "Can a tree come to grow without a seed?" She said: "Yes, the one which Allah created for the first time." He asked her again: "Is it possible to bear a child without a male partner?" She said: "Yes, Allah, created Adam without male or female!"
It was also said that, while pregnant, Maryam went one day to her aunt, who reported that she felt as if she was pregnant. Maryam in turn, said that she, too, was feeling as if she was pregnant. Then her aunt said: "I can see what is in my womb prostrating to what is in your womb."
The Jewish priests felt this child Issa was dangerous, for they felt that the people would turn their worship to Allah the Almighty Alone, displacing the existing Jewish tenets. Consequently, they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Issa's speech in infancy as a secret and accused Maryam of a great misdeed.
As Issa (pbuh) grew, the signs of prophethood began to increase. He could tell his friends what kind of supper waited for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he was twelve years old, he accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. There he wandered into the temple and joined a crowd listening to the lecture of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience were all adults, but he was not afraid to sit with them. After listening intently, he asked questions and expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the boy's boldness and puzzled by the questions he asked, for they were unable to answer him. They tried to silence him, but he ignored their attempts and continued to express his views. Issa became so involved in this exchange that he forgot he is expected back home.
In the meantime, his mother went home, thinking that he might have gone back with relatives or friends. When she arrived, she discovered that he was not there, so she returned to the city to look for him. At last she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with them. He appeared to be quite at least, as if he had been doing this all his life. Maryam got angry with him for causing her worry. He tried to assure her that all the arguing and debating with the learned had made him forgot the time.
With growing up, Jesus was having his knowledge developed by Allah with making him able to show miracles. Allah says in Quran:
And Allah will teach him the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel” (48) And will make him (Jesus) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): "'I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah's leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe “ (Aale-Imran 3:48-49)
Jesus was sent basically to Israel as Allah tells us Jesus wods:
"'(I have come to you), to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was (Before) forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear Allah, and obey me” (50) It is Allah Who is my Lord and your Lord; then worship Him. This is a Way that is straight.'" (Aale-Imran 3:50-51)
Almighty Allah also continues:
“When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: "Who will be My helpers to (the work of) Allah?" Said the disciples: "We are Allah's helpers: We believe in Allah, and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims” (52) “Our Lord! We (disciples of Jesus) believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger, so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth).” (53) And (the unbelievers) plotted and planned, and Allah too planned, and the best of planners is Allah” (Aale-Imran 3:52 - 54)
Issa grew up to manhood. It was Sabbath, a day of complete rest: no fire could be lit or extinguished nor could females plait their hair. Moses (pbuh) had commanded that Saturday be dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit had gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews' hearts. Also, they thought that Sabbath was kept in heaven, and that the People of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath.
They made a hundred things unlawful on Saturday even self-defense or calling a doctor to save a patient who was in bad condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell it when their interests were involved so as to obtain personal gains. There was, for example, a rule which prohibited a journey of more than one thousand yards on the Sabbath day. What do we expect of the Pharisees in this case? The day before, they transferred their food and drink from their homes two thousand yards away and erected a temporary house so that from there they could travel a further thousand yards on the Sabbath day.
Issa was on his way to the temple. Although it was the Sabbath, he reached out his hand to pick two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered to be a violation of the Sabbath law. He made a fire for the old women to keep themselves warm from the freezing air. Another violation. He went to the temple and looked around. There were twenty thousand Jewish priests registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of he temple were full of them.
Issa observed that the visitors were much fewer than the priests. Yet the temple was full of sheep and doves which were sold to the people to be offered as sacrifices. Every step in the temple cost the visitor money. They worshipped nothing but money. In the temple, the Pharisees and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place, and these two groups always disagreed on everything. Issa followed the scene with his eyes and observed that the poor people who could not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and Sadducees. Issa was astonished. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple, while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?
On this blessed night, the two noble prophets John (pbuh) and Zachariah (pbuh) died, killed by the ruling authority. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Issa (pbuh). Allah the Exalted commanded him to begin his call to the children of Israel. To Isa, the life of ease was closed, and the page of worship and struggled was opened.
Like an opposing force, the message of Issa came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and to reinforce the Law of Moses. In the face of a materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold, Issa called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way out of the wretchedness and diseases of his age. Isa's call, from the beginning, was marked by its complete uprightness and piety. It appealed to the soul, the inner being, and not be a closed system of rules laid down by society.
Issa continued inviting the people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that there is no mediation between the Creator and His creatures. However, Issa was in conflict with the Jews' superficial interpretation of the Torah. He said that he did not come to abrogate the Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to arrive at its essence.
He made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than they imagined. For instance, the fifth commandment does not only prohibit physical killing, but all forms of killing; physical, psychological, or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits adultery when it looks at anything with passion.
Issa was therefore in confrontation with the materialistic people. He told them to desist from hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to hoard wealth in this life. They should not preoccupy themselves with the goods of this passing world; rather they must preoccupy themselves with the affairs of the coming world because it would be everlasting.
Issa told them that caring for this world is a sin, not fit for pious worshippers. The disbelievers care for it because they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their sustenance is with Allah, so they trust in Him and scorn this world.
Issa continued to invite people to worship the Only Lord, Who is without partner, just as he invited them to purify the heart and soul.
His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Issa was a threat to them and their position, exposing their misdeeds.
The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention of being involved in this religious discord of the Jews because it was an internal affair, and they saw that this dispute would distract the Jews from the question of the occupation.
However, the priests started to plot against Issa. They wanted to embarrass him and to prove that he had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulteress be stoned to death. They brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Isa: "Does not the law stipulate the stoning of the adulteress?" Issa answered: "Yes." They said: "This woman is an adulteress." Issa looked at the woman and then at the priests. He knew that they were more sinful than she. They agreed that she should be killed according to Mosaic Law, and they understood that if he was going to apply Mosaic Law, he would be destroying his own rules of forgiveness and mercy.
Issa understood their plan. He smiled and assented: "Whoever among you is sinless can stone her." His voice rose in the middle of the Temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to judge sin. There was none eligible; no mortal can judge sin, only Allah the Most Merciful.
As Issa left the temple, the woman followed him. She took out a bottle of perfume from her garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then dried his feet with her hair. Issa turned to the woman and told her to stand up, adding: "O Lord, forgive her sins." He let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not executioners. His call was based on mercy for the people, the aim of all divine calls.
Issa continued to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on one another and to believe in Allah.
To refute Christians claim about Jesus as God or son of God, Allah the Almighty says in Quran:
“(Remember) when Allâh will say (on the Day of Resurrection). "O Jesus, son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with holy spirit, (Gabriel) so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you writing, Al-Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel); and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said: 'This is nothing but evident magic. (110) And behold! I (Allah) inspired the disciples to have faith in Me and Mine Messenger: they said, 'We have faith, and do thou bear witness that we bow to Allah as Muslims" (Al-Maa’idah 5:110 - 111)
Issa continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some Quranic commentators said that Issa brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, an old woman's son, and a woman's only daughter. These three had died during his lifetime. When the Jews saw this they said: "You only resurrect those who have died recently; perhaps they only fainted." They asked him to bring back to life Sam the Ibn Noah.
When he asked them to show him his grave, the people
accompanied him there. Issa invoked Allah the Exalted to bring him back
to life and behold, Sam the Ibn Noah came out from the grave
gray-haired. Issa asked: "how did you get gray hair, when there was no
aging in your time?" He answered: "O Spirit of Allah, I thought that the
Day of Resurrection had come; from the fear of that day my hair turned
Issa continued calling people to Almighty Allah and laying down for them what might be called "the law of the Spirit." Once when standing on a mountain surrounded by his disciples, Issa saw that those who believed in him were from among the poor, the wretched, and the downtrodden, and their number was small. Some of the miracles which Issa performed had been requested by his disciples, such as their wish for a "holy table" to be sent down from heaven.
Allah the Exalted said: “Remember when the disciples said: "O Issa, son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?" Issa said: "Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers." (112) They said: "We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses." (Al-Maida 5:112 - 113)
Issa, son of Maryam, said: "O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us - for the first and the last of us - a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the best of sustainers." (114) Allah said: "I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among all the Alamin (mankind and jinn)." (Al-Maida5:114 -115)
It was related that Issa commanded his disciples to fast for thirty days; at the end of it, they asked Issa to bring food from heaven to break their fast. Issa prayed to Allah after his disciples had doubted Allah's power. The great table cam down between two clouds, one above and one below, while the people watched. Issa said: "O Lord, make it a mercy and not a cause of distress." So it fell between Issa's hands, covered with a napkin.
Issa suddenly prostrated and his disciples with him. They sensed a fragrance, which they had never smelled before. Issa said: "The one who is the most devout and most righteous may uncover the table, that we might eat of it to thank Allah for it." They said: "O Spirit of Allah, you are the most deserving."
Issa stood up, then performed ablution and prayed before uncovering the table, and behold, there was a roasted fish. The disciples said: "O Spirit of Allah, is this the food of this world or of Paradise?" Issa said to his disciples: "Did not Allah forbid you to ask questions? It is the divine power of Allah the Almighty Who said: 'Be,' and it was. It is a sign from Almighty Allah warning of great punishment for unbelieving mortals of the world. This is the kernel of the matter."
It is said that thousands of people partook of it, and yet they never exhausted it. A further miracle was that the blind and lepers were cured.
The Day of the Table became one of the holy days for the disciples and followers of Isa. Later on, the disciples and followers forgot the real essence of the miracles, and so they worshipped Issa as a god. To clear that Jesus may have said like Almighty Allah says in Quran:
”And remember when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O Issa, son of Maryam! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?'" He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. (116) Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: 'Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord', And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). (117) If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, Verily You, only You are the All Mighty, the All Wise." (Al-Maida 5:116 - 118)
Allah will say: "This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) - they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). (119) To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things." (Al-Maida 5:119 -120)
Issa went on his mission until vice knew that its throne was threatening to fall. So the forces of evil accused him of magic, infringement of the Mosaic Law, allegiance with the devil; and when they saw that the poor people followed him, they began to scheme against him.
The Sanhedrin, the highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the Jews, began to meet to plot against Isa. The plan took a new turn. When the Jews failed to stop Issa's call, they decided to kill him. The chief priests held secret meetings to agree on the best way of getting rid of Issa. While they were in such a meeting, one of the twelve apostles of Issa, Judas Iscariot, went to them and asked: "What will you give me if I deliver him to you?" Judas bargained with them until they agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver known as shekels. The plot was laid for the capture and murder of Issa.
It was said that the high priest of the Jews tore his garment at the meeting, claiming that Issa had denied Judaism. The tearing of clothes at that time was a sign of disgust.
The priests had no authority to pass the death sentence at that time, so they convinced the Roman governor that Issa was plotting against the security of the Roman Empire and urged him to take immediate action against him. The governor ordered the Issa be arrested.
According to the Book of Matthew, Issa was arrested and the council of the high priests passed the death sentence upon him. Then, they began insulting him, spitting on his face and kicking him.
It was the Roman custom for the condemned to be flogged before they were executed. So Pilate, the Roman governor, ordered that Issa be flogged. The Mosaic Law stipulates forty lashes, but the Roman had no limit, and they were brutal lashes. After that, Issa was handed to the soldiers for crucifixion. They took off his clothes, and kept them. They put a crown of thorns on his head to mock him. According to custom he carried his cross on his back to increase his suffering.
Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha, meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of Jerusalem. Instead of giving him a cup of wine diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the cross, the soldiers gave Issa a cup of vinegar diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and, as a further mockery, two thieves with him. So it is written in the Bible.
But the faith of Islam came with views quite different from that of the extend gospels with regards to both the end of Issa and his nature.
The Glorious Quran affirms that Allah the Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to kill Issa or crucify him. What happened was that Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him to heaven. They never killed Isa, they killed someone else.
Allah the Almighty declared:
“And because of their saying (in boast), "We killed Messiah Issa, son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah," but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Issa was put over another man (and they killed that man) and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no certain knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (Isa, son of Maryam): (157) But Allah raised him (Issa) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All Powerful, All Wise. (158) And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews & Christians), but must believe in him (Issa, son of Maryam, as only a Messenger of Allah, and a human being0, before his (Issa or a Jew's or a Christian's ) death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the Day of Resurrection, he (Issa) will be a witness against them” (An-NIssa 4:157 - 159 )
Almighty Allah also revealed:
“And remember when Allah said: "O Issa! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you (of the forged statement that Issa is Allah's son) of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, Issa, Moses, etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Torah, the Gospel, the Qur'an) till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute." (Aale-Imran 3:55)
Almighty Allah refuted the claims of the Jews and the Christians in many verses of the Glorious Quran.
And they say: "The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children)" (88) Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing (89) Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins (90) that they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah) (91) But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children) (92) There is non in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave (93) Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting (94) And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). (Al-Kahf 19:88-95)
Allah the Exalted also declared: ”Yet, they join the jinns as partners in worship with Allah, though He has created them (the jinns), and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons and daughters to Him. Be He Glorified! And Exalted above (all) that they attribute to Him (100) He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything (101) Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian etc.) over all tings. (102) No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things” (Al-Anam 6:100 - 103)
Almighty Allah commanded: ”O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in you religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah Isa, son of Maryam, was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, ("Be" - and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: "Three (trinity)!" Cease! (It is) better for you. For Allah is the only One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs (171) The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allah, nor the angels who are near (to Allah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together unto Himself. (172) So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment. And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper” (An-NIssa 4:171 - 173)
Almighty Allah also declared: ”And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbeliveers of old. Allah's Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth! (30) They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah, (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah) and (they also took as their lord) Messiah, son of Maryam , while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship none but One Ilah (God- Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)” (At-Tauba 9:30 - 31)
And Almighty Allah declared: “Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam. Say (O Muhammad): "Who then has the least power against Allah, if He were destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?" And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things. (17) And (both) the Jews and Christians say; "We are the children of Allah and His loved ones." Say: "Why then does He punish you for your sins?" Nay, you are but human beings, of those He has created, He forgive whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return of all. (18) O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) making (things) clear unto you, after a break in (the series of) Messengers, lest you say: "there came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no warner." But now has come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And Allah is Able to do all things” (Al-Maida 5:17-19)
Allah the Exalted warned:
“Surely they have disbelieved who say: "Allah is the Messiah (Issa), son of Maryam." But the Messiah (Issa) said: "O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. (72) Surely, disbeliveers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)." But there is no Ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God- Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbeliveers among them. (73) Will they not repent to Allah and ask His Forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (74) The Messiah (Issa), son of Maryam, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother (Maryam) was a Siddiqah (she believed in the Words of Allah, and His Books. They both used to eat food, as any other human being, while Allah does not eat). Look how We made the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away from the truth” (Al-Maidah 5:72 - 75)
And Almighty Allah ordered: And say: “Say: "Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!" (Al-Isra 17: 111)
The pagans once asked the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh): "To whom is your Lord related, His original ancestors and His various branches of descendants?" It is also reported that the Jews said: "We worship Ezra, the Son of Allah," and the Christians said: "Issa is the Son of Allah," and the Magians said: "We worship the sun and the moon," and the Pagans said: "We worship idols."
In response to all of them Allah revealed some of His attributes: Unity, Uniqueness, and other substantives:
“Say: He is Allah, the One and Only (1) Allah, the Eternal, Absolute (2) He begetteth not, nor is He begotten (3) And there is none like unto Him” (Al-Akhlas 112:1 - 4)
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from:
1. Jesus (pbuh) is referred in the Quran as a word from Allah and not as ‘the word of Allah’. "Behold! The angels said: O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus. The son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those Nearest to Allah. (Aale-Imran 3:45) "A word" of Allah means a message of Allah. If a person is referred to as "a word" from Allah, it means that he is a Messenger or a Prophet of Allah.
2. Jesus (pbuh) also never referred to as Ruhullah "a spirit of Allah" but as a spirit from Allah. "O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Jesus Christ the son of Mary was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah, And His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a Spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not ‘Trinity’: desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is One God: glory be to Him: (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs." (An-NIssa 4:171)
3. Jesus Christ was a man and a Messenger of God, as were others prophet, with the exception that He given him miraculous birth. (which does not justify as being son, because Adam was given birth even without father and mother)
4. His enemies tried to kill him, but God saved him and he was not crucified or killed, rather one of his companions was caused to look like him, as the Quran says (interpretation of the meaning): “....but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them the resemblance of ‘Issa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man)....” (An-Nisa’ 4:157) If the Messiah was crucified by his own choice, as they say, then why did he cry out at the crucifixion, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Mark 15:34)
Excerpted, with some modifications, from: http://www.anwary-islam.com/
(a) Is belief in the existence of Prophet Jesus (pbuh) cardinal to Islamic faith?
(b) Will he appear again at the end, and if so, what will be his purpose?
(a) Yes, Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an article of faith to believe in Jesus Christ (pbuh). No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe in Jesus Christ (pbuh). We believe that he was one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah (swt). We believe that he was the Messiah, translated ‘Christ’. We believe that he was born miraculously, without any male intervention, which many modern day Christians do not believe. We believe that he gave life to the dead with God’s permission. We believe that he healed those born blind and the lepers with God’s permission.
Allah says in the Qur'an regarding Jesus Christ (pbuh):
And remember Jesus the son of Mary said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah (sent) to you…” (As- Saff 61:6)
Infact Islam makes it an article of faith to believe not only in Jesus Christ (pbuh) but all the Messengers that preceded and followed him. By name only twenty-five Messengers are mentioned in the Qur'an. Allah instructs us in the Qur'an:
“O you who believe! believe in Allah and his Messenger and the scripture which He has sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him). And who denies Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Day of Judgment have gone far far astray.” (An-Nisa 4:136)
Thus belief in the Messengers, including Jesus (pbuh) is an important belief of Islam. Though Jesus (pbuh) is mentioned by name twenty-five times in the Qur'an, he is also referred with other respectable terms such as ‘Ibne Maryam’ - son of Mary; as ‘Masih’ – translated Christ, as ‘Rasulullah’ - Messenger of Allah, as ‘Abdullah’ – servant of Allah, as ‘a word of Allah’, as ‘a spirit proceeding from Allah’, as ‘a sign of Allah’ and numerous other epithets spread over fifteen different chapters of the Qur'an.
(b) It is also true that the Muslims, on the authority of the Qur'an and the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) believe in the second coming of Jesus Christ (pbuh). He was the only Prophet of Allah who was raised up alive. Allah says:
‘…They said (in boast) "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary the Messenger of Allah"; but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them; and those who differ therein are full of doubts with no (certain) knowledge but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not. (157) Nay Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.’ (An-Nisa 4:157-158)
Allah mentions the second coming of Jesus Christ (pbuh) in the following verse of the Qur'an:
“And indeed, he (i.e. Jesus) will be (a sign for) knowledge of the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path.” (Az-Zukhraf 43:61)
The reason why Jesus (pbuh) is the only Prophet of Allah who was raised up alive by Allah is because he was the only Prophet whose “followers” mistook him as God. They wrongly say that he claimed divinity. Thus he will come back again to this world to clarify all such misconceptions. Says Allah in the Qur'an:
‘And behold! Allah will say "O Jesus the son of Mary! did you say unto men worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah"? He will say: "Glory to You! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing you would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart though I know not what is in yours. For You know in full all that is hidden.’ (Al-Maeda 5:116)
There are no less than seventy Ahadith that speak of the second coming of Jesus Christ (pbuh). In one of the Ahadith, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said:
"By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, son of Mary (Jesus) will shortly descend amongst you people (Muslims) as a just ruler and will break the cross and kill the pig and abolish the Jizya (a tax taken from the non-Muslims who are in the protection of the Muslim government). Then there will be abundance of money and nobody will accept charitable gifts.” (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3. Hadith no. 425)
It should also be borne in mind that Jesus Christ (pbuh), in his second coming will not be coming with any new message or revelation. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said:
"How will you be when the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus) descends amongst you and he will judge people by the Law of the Qur'an and not by the law of the Gospel”. (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 4. Hadith No. 658)
Let’s now analyse the following words attributed to Jesus Christ (pbuh) in the Bible:
"Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.” [The Bible, Mathew 7:22-24]
In the verses quoted above, Jesus (pbuh) said that in his second coming, he would ask the people to depart from him, to get away from him because he wouldn’t know them. Who are these people? The Muslims or the Hindus? The answer is neither Hindus nor Muslims but the Christians, because Muslims or Hindus do not claim to do “Miracles” in the name of Jesus Christ (pbuh) nor do they cast out devils in his name.
Thus Muslims believe in Jesus Christ (pbuh) to be one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah and also believe in his second coming.
What is the Muslims opinion of Christianity and why is there so much quarrel?
Answer: Praise be to Allah.
Firstly: The Muslims regard the Christians as being of two types:
1 –Those who believed in Jesus (peace be upon him) at the time of Jesus or after him, before the coming of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). They are righteous believers who believed in the Oneness of God (Tawheed); they believed that Jesus was a great Messenger who was sent by God, and they believed in other Messengers such as Abraham and Moses.
As for those who believed in Jesus (peace be upon him) then believed in Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), they are of a high status, and will have a double reward, as our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said.
2 – Those who deviated from Tawheed (pure monotheism) and believed that Jesus was God or the son of God, or they devoted some forms of worship to him such as prayer and supplication. This is going against the teachings of Jesus and other Messengers, and following the distortions that the priests and monks introduced into the true religion that was brought by Jesus from God.
Similarly, those who heard the Message of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) but did not believe in it or follow him, are going against the way of the Muslims and are going against the teachings of Jesus (peace be upon him), because he foretold the coming of his brother Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
This opinion about the Christians is well established and does not stem from the Crusades or the oppression of the colonialists and their aggression against Muslim lands. If anyone rejects the message of Jesus (peace be upon him) or the message of Moses (peace be upon him) or the message of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), he is a kaafir (disbeliever). If anyone denies that this Qur’aan was revealed from God, or mocks it, he is a kaafir, because the Qur'aan was revealed from Allah.
The Lord is God (Allah) and He is the Creator; there is no creator but Him and no lord but Him, and no one deserves to be worshipped except Him. The Creator, the Provider, the Controller, is Allah, besides Whom there is no other god, and it is not permissible for us to worship anyone but Him. This God cannot be like a human being, having a son or a wife; exalted be Allah above that.
Moreover, this God cannot be incarnated in human form, eating, drinking, feeling hunger and thirst, being beaten and crucified.
Muslim belief is easy and is in accordance with reason and logic: there is a Creator and created beings. The Creator is Allah, may He be exalted, and the created things are everything besides Him, heavens, earth, sun, moon, humans and jinn. By His Mercy, Allah sent Messengers to mankind, to call them to Allah and show them the right way.
Among these Messengers were Nooh (Noah), Ibraaheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses), ‘Eesa (Jesus) and Muhammad, may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon them all. Allah supported these Messengers with signs, which were miraculous things, the like of which other people could not produce, which were appropriate to the time and place in which each Messenger was sent. Some were thrown into the fire and not harmed by it, such as Ibraaheem (Abraham); some brought the dead back to life and healed the sick by Allah’s Leave, such as ‘Eesa (Jesus); one was given the Qur’aan and challenged all the most eloquent Arabs to produce a single soorah like it, but they could not do it. That was Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Allah caused inanimate objects and animals to speak to him, and the stone in his hand glorified Allah, and the camel complained to him about being given too much work to do, and there were many other miracles.
If the wise man thinks about what is keeping the Christians from believing that Jesus (peace be upon him) was a Messenger from God, and that he is like Abraham, Zacharias and John (peace be upon them), this will put an end to the problem, as reason is in agreement with the fitrah (sound human nature) and revelation. Jesus (peace be upon him) called people to God and foretold the coming of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). His enemies tried to kill him, but God saved him and he was not crucified or killed, rather one of his companions was caused to look like him, as the Qur’aan says (interpretation of the meaning):
“....but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them the resemblance of ‘Eesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man)....” [An-Nisa’ 4:157]
They all believe that Allah (God) is the Lord and Creator, the only One to be worshipped, and they believe in His noble Messengers such as Ibraheem, Moosa, ‘Eesa and Muhammad, may blessing and peace of Allah be upon them all. Then they follow the law of the last of them, the Final Messenger, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
There is no comparison between the simplicity of this belief and its affinity with sound human nature, and the confusion and contradictions that exist in Christian belief, but we will give just one example, which is the issue of the crucifixion and redemption.
The Christians always say that God sent His only son to relieve mankind of sin, and they regard that as an example of mercy and justice. But we ask them: What kind of justice and what kind of mercy is it for God to punish His only son – as they claim – for sin that he did not commit!
What justice is there in passing the sin of Adam to his children, then saying that they need to expiate it?
What justice and mercy is there in delaying the expiation of this sin for thousands of years, from Adam until the time of Jesus (peace be upon him)?
What justice and mercy is there in making the expiation dependent upon crucifixion, pain and suffering, when it could be expiated, according to the Jews, by means of repentance and sacrifice?
When the Christians believed in the crucifixion, they wanted to lift from the Messiah the dreadful shame which accompanies crucifixion, which is the curse, so they claimed that crucifixion was actually an honour and the ultimate aim of the Messiah’s mission.
See: Deuteronomy 21:23, in which it says that anyone who is hung on a tree – crucified – is under God’s curse.
Undoubtedly believing in the Christian doctrine of the crucifixion and redemption implies a number of false things, including the following:
1- That the previous Prophets and righteous servants of God were all doomed, because their sins were not expiated before they died.
2- That the Jews must be the most blessed of people and superior to the Christians and all others, because it was at their hands that this great aim was achieved, namely the crucifixion of the Messiah!
3- That people may indulge freely in evil and sin, safe from the punishment of God, because all sins have been expiated for them, and God will forgive them all their sins, as they claim.
4- If the Messiah was crucified by his own choice, as they say, then why did he cry out after the crucifixion, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Mark 15:34)
Is it not true that your Qur’an mentions in Surah Maryam, Chapter 19 verse 33 that Jesus (pbuh) died and was resurrected?
Jesus (pbuh) said, "the day that i die", not "the day that i died"
It is mentioned in Surah Maryam, Chapter 19 verse 33
"So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die and the Day that I shall be raised up to life (again)". [Maryam 19:33]
The Qur’an mentions that Jesus (pbuh) said "Peace is on me the Day I was born, the day that I die". It is not stated "the day that I died". It is in the future tense and not in the past tense.
1. Jesus (pbuh) was raised up alive
The Qur’an further says in Surah Nisa, Chapter 4 verse 157-158:
"....That they said (in boast), ‘We killed Jesus Christ the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah’ – But they killed him not, Nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not (157) Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is exalted in Power, Wise." (An-Nisa 4:157-158)
Does not your Qur’an mention that Jesus is Kalimatullah –"The Word of Allah (swt)", as well as Ruhullah – "The Spirit of Allah", indicating his Divinity?
1. Jesus (pbuh) "is a word from Allah" not "the word of Allah"
The Qur’an mentions in Surah Ali ‘Imran Chapter 3 verse 45
"Behold! The angels said: O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus. The son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those Nearest to Allah. [Aale-Imran 3:45]
Jesus (pbuh) is referred in the Qur’an as a word from Allah and not as ‘the word of Allah’.
"A word" of Allah means a message of Allah. If a person is referred to as "a word" from Allah, it means that he is a Messenger or a Prophet of Allah.
2. The title of a prophet (pbuh) does not mean that it exclusively belongs to that prophet (pbuh)
Different titles are given to different prophets (pbut). Whenever a title is given to a prophet (pbuh), it does not necessarily mean that the other prophets do not have the same characteristic or quality. For example Prophet Abraham (pbuh) is referred to in the Qur’an as Khaleelullah, a friend of Allah. This does not indicate that all the other Prophets (pbuh) were not the friends of Allah. Prophet Moses (pbuh) is referred to in the Qur’an as Kaleemullah, indicating that God spoke to him. This does not mean that God did not speak to others. Similarly when Jesus (pbuh) is referred to in the Qur’an as Kalimatullah, "a word from Allah", it does not mean that the other Prophets were not "the word," of Allah.
3. John the baptist (pbuh) is also called "a word" of Allah
Yahya (pbuh) i.e. John the Baptist (pbuh) is also referred to in the Qur’an as Kalimatullah i.e. a word of Allah in Surah Ali ‘Imran, Chapter 3, verses 38-39
"There did Zakariya Pray to his Lord, saying: "O my Lord! Grant unto me from Thee a progeny that is pure: for Thou art He that heareth prayer! [Aale-Imran 3:38]
While he was standing in prayer in the chamber, the angels called unto him: "....Allah doth give thee glad tidings of Yahya, witnessing the truth of a Word from Allah, and (be besides) noble, chaste, and a Prophet – of the (goodly) company of the righteous." [Aale-Imran 3:39]
4. Jesus (pbuh) referred as ruhullah – a spirit of allah
Jesus (pbuh) also never referred to as Ruhullah "a spirit of Allah" but as a spirit from Allah in Surah Nisa Chapter 4 verse 171
"O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Jesus Christ the son of Mary was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah, And His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a Spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not ‘Trinity’: desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is One God: glory be to Him: (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs." [An-Nisa 4:171]
5. Spirit of Allah is breathed in every human being
A spirit from Allah does not indicate that Jesus (pbuh) is God. The Qur’an mentions in several places that Allah breathed into the human beings "His Spirit" in Surah Al-Hijr, chapter 15 verse 29 in Surah Sajdah, chapter 32 verse 9
Surah Al Hijr Chapter 15 verse 29
"When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him." [Al-Hijr 15:29]
Surah Sajdah Chapter 32 verse 9
"But He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him something of His spirit. And He gave you (the faculties of) hearing and sight and feeling (and understanding): little thanks do ye give!" [As-Sajda 32:9]
Did Jesus Die for Our Sins?
Such a belief would lead some to say that even doing good deeds is not necessary, since Jesus' death on the cross had decided once and for all who had been saved in baptism. The idea of sinning on purpose, though, goes even beyond that belief and I know of no Christian Church that would subscribe to such an idea.
Understanding Christian Belief
It is a central tenet of Christian belief that Jesus died on the Cross to atone for the sins of mankind. Let us try and understand what this means.
According to this belief, God created Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, and He placed them in the Garden of Eden, giving them everything they needed to enjoy perfect bliss. They could do anything they wanted, but were forbidden just one thing: they could not eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of Good and Evil.
Satan tempts Eve into eating of the fruit, and she in turn persuades Adam to do the same (and they eaten it). As a result, the two are punished by being expelled from the Garden of Eden.
And so the Christian version of the story ends. Adam and Eve are condemned for their sin and their descendants will share forever their sin, since there is nothing they can do to make up for it.
In the Muslim account of this episode, to be found in the Qur'an, on the other hand, the couple was indeed found guilty, but they turned to Allah, and He forgiven them but as they were destined to live on earth, so they were sent on earth as per Quran saying :
“And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a khalif, …..." (Al-Baqarah 2:30)
Then did Satan make them slip from the (garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down, all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood - for a time (36) Then Adam received from his Lord Words . And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful (37) We said: "Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve” (Al-Baqarah 2:36 - 38)
Again at another place, same message is given.
“Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance (122) (Allâh) said: "Get ye down, both of you,- all together, from the Garden, with enmity one to another: but if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from Me, whosoever follows My Guidance, will not lose his way, nor fall into misery (123) "But whosoever turns away from My Message, verily for him is a life narrowed down, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment" (Ta’ha 20:122 - 124)
So there is no question of inherited guilt for mankind till eternity. All generations came into the world are sinless. Allah forgiven the couple but sent to inhabit on earth as planned. In the Christian version, however, all human beings are born with Original Sin.
The Concept of Original Sin
This Original Sin is inherited because there is nothing anyone can do to make up for what Adam and Eve did. It can not be forgiven, because this sin was committed against God, and only God Himself could forgive such a sin. Only someone equal to God could atone (or make up) for the sin. This assumption gives us an understanding that God is helpless and has no authority to forgive the couple. As he was having only got one son (and could not beget another one), and the couple could not be orgiven unless He get His only son sacrificed, so he ordered him to get nailed (what a cruel way God given His only son sacrifice).
Throughout the centuries, men and women tried to make up for the debt they owed to God, but were helpless. Before Jesus (PBUH) they believe in only one God, but still wanted to offer sacrifice to Him to make up for the debt they owed. The problem was that they could not find anything to offer which was equal to the debt they were trying to make up for. Offering a sheep was no good, since it was God who made the sheep. According to this doctrine of Atonement, it really needed someone superhuman, equal to God, to offer sacrifice for that first sin. Until at last they got a God son (Many saw in Jesus just that superhuman, equal to God Himself) and they thought that to atone for their original sin, it is best that they make him to die for their inherited sin.
The way Saint John's Gospel describes the crucifixion of Jesus is as though Jesus mounts the cross willingly. He is not so much caught by the Jewish authorities as he is seen to be sacrificing himself. Whereas Jesus (PBUH) is reported to be calling God, “My God, my God, why hast Thou forsaken me?"
It shows that this sacrifice was not by Jesus himself, but was by force nailed to cross, just as any criminal was treated in those days. On the other hand if this sacrifice was ordered by God, then again it is illogical that God had only one son and he got him died in so cruel way.
Christians believe that Jesus' death on the cross meant that the Original Sin could be forgiven if people became Christian and were baptized. The act of baptism would wash away the Original Sin.
No Automatic Forgiveness
According to mainstream Christian belief, though, Jesus' death on the cross did not automatically forgive every one of the sins people would commit in the future, but it still make it possible for them to be forgiven if the sinner was truly sorry.
It is a misunderstanding in thinking that mainstream Christian belief includes the idea that all of the sins he is ever going to commit will automatically be forgiven. It is certainly outside the scope of Roman Catholic belief that he is obliged to sin in order to be grateful.
Christian belief, though, teaches that Jesus died for Original Sin, which had already been committed. He was making up for something wrong that had been done, not anticipating future wrongs that might be done by individuals. These future wrongs would be forgiven in so much as the sinner was sorry.
Even though all of this doctrine is very complicated, there is still another aspect which we could mention.
There are certain Evangelical and Protestant groups which make it seem as though Jesus (PBUH) death revolves around individuals: What Jesus did for me is what counts. That he is my personal savior is what is important.
However if it is supposed that Jesus (PBUH) died for the original sin, then how Christians will get forgiveness for those sins for which Jesus (PBUH) did not die. If Christians claim that original sin was not able to be forgiven except by him, then if you will not be asked for that inherited sin, then still they will be faced with question (on the day of judgment) for the sins which have nothing to do with original sin.
Muslims Submit to Allah Alone
Islam, on the other hand, puts it the other way around. It is God (Allah) Who is important. Humans are His creatures and all they do should revolve around His will.
Muslims submit to the will of Allah, and therein find peace and fulfillment. It is not the individual who is important, but Allah alone.
On Judgment Day, each one will have to give an account for his actions, taking personal responsibility for what he has done.
Almighty Allah, who is both Merciful And Compassionate, will in sha' Allah forgive the wrong we have done. Allah says in Quran :
“And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allâh's Forgiveness, he will find Allâh Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (An-Nisa’ 4:110)
“Verily! Allâh forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, has indeed strayed far away” (An-Nisa’ 4:116)
Christians do accept that there will be Day of Judgment. Now suppose, as they believe that they are already got “Certificate of Forgiveness”, and on that day, what they believe comes true, then no problem for them. But suppose that on which “Certificate” they depended, found untrue, then where they will go? They will be in total loss with no excuse.
The logic of Muslims is that every one will have to face with the accountability of one’s deed on the Day of Judgment. Believing on this he/she tries their best to be as obedient to the commands of Allah, His last prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and His Last Testament Quran, then he/she is more liable to succeed in his/her account, (with hope for the mercy of Allah) than our Christians friends. The one who lived his/her life assuming that he/she has to answer or the one who did not pass the life on believing of accountability.
So which of the two options are beneficial to mankind. It is just the same as of Atheist who don’t believe that there is a God and Day of Judgment, but if suppose they found Day of Judgment and a God also, than where they will stand.
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Question: Name of Questioner: Gamil - Sudan Date :15/Dec/2003
In Timothy I (2: 2-5) you see the important verses:
"This is good and pleases the Holy One God, our Savior, for He longs for all mankind to be saved from eternal death in Hell in the Last day, and to understand the Truth: that God is on one side and all sinned people on the other side, and Christ Jesus, himself man, is between them to bring them together, by giving with great love his life (on the Cross) for all mankind."
should never forget what Lord Jesus said in John (14:6):
And in John 3: 16, he also said, "For God so Loved the World that he gave (on the cross) his one and only Son (Holy Jesus, the incarnated Word & Spirit of God himself), that whoever believes in him shall not perish in the last day in Hell, but have happy Eternal Spiritual Life in the Kingdom of Heaven."
Almighty God, who loves everyone and wants them to be saved from Eternal death in Hell will bless you in this world if you a pass on this message and will reward you richly in the second spiritual life in Heaven. But if you don’t pass on this message to other people, definitely God will punish you severely for that.
Answer : Name of Counselor: Shahul Hameed
You have made a very clear and emphatic statement of your faith and asked the Muslim brothers not just to accept the same faith, but to also propagate it. In a nutshell your faith can be put thus: God is on one side and all the sinners are on the other side. Christ Jesus is a man (?) “between them” who died in the attempt to bring God and the sinners together. If you believe this, you are saved; otherwise you are doomed to eternal damnation.
quoted Biblical verses to support this view. One such verse is the
statement attributed to Jesus:
"I am the
way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by
But please understand that a prophet of God can say that he is the "way," in the sense that the Guidance of God comes through him, or it is through him that people come to know God and His will. Similarly, he can say that he is "the truth" in the sense that he is the bringer of the truth from God. And "he is the life" can mean that he is the one who leads us to eternal life.
Assuredly John 14:6 cannot be cited as an incontrovertible proof for your claim that one may get to heaven only if he believes that Jesus died for him. Besides you cannot quote a single utterance of Jesus that specifically endorses your belief in his blood sacrifice. On the contrary, this is what we find in the Gospel about eternal life (Matthew 19:16,17):
"And behold, one came up to him, saying, 'Teacher, what good deed must I do, to have eternal life?' And he said to him, 'Why do you ask me about what is good? One there is who is good. If you would enter life, keep the commandments.'"
On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus (Luke 10: 25-28):
"'Teacher,' he asked, 'what must I do to inherit eternal life?'
Wouldn't Jesus have known that to inherit an eternal life a person must necessarily believe that God assumed human form (i.e. that of Jesus) to suffer death on the cross? He doesn’t speak of himself as a mediator between God and himself. If what you say is correct, why would Jesus mislead the people?
also referred to the following verse from the Bible (John 3:16):
One interesting point to be noted here is an attempt by the Church to foist this verse on Jesus. In fact this is one of those exegetical remarks put in edgewise by the author or by a later interpolator. Many Christian scholars assert that this verse was not spoken by Jesus, but rather introduced by the Gospel writer. For instance, Fr. Rudolf Schneckenburg says that the author of the fourth Gospel is commenting on the words of Jesus here, namely: For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son so that everyone who believes in him might be saved.
Note the use of the third person rather than Jesus speaking in the first person. Note that the text does not read: “For God so loved the world that he gave me, his only Son so that everyone who believes in me might be saved.”
Besides, the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, which incidentally is a very authentic translation that corrects many errors of earlier translations, clearly puts the words of Jesus within quotes, while this verse (3:16) is given outside quotes as part of the explanation by the author of the Gospel.
also remember that the only Gospel that contains these words is the
fourth Gospel which was written at least 70 years after the
disappearance of Jesus. All this points to the fact that Jesus had
nothing to do with this idea of the Father giving the innocent Son to be
crucified for saving sinners. But your belief is that for “salvation”
one needs simply to believe this. That is to say you don’t need to lead
a virtuous life along with holding that belief to earn eternal life.
“For the law worketh wrath. For where there is no law, neither is there transgression.”
And again Romans 3:28
“For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from observing the law.”
Paul wrote to the Ephesians, 2:8-9
“For it is by grace you have been saved through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God—not by works so that no one can boast.”
The above verses clearly state that faith alone saves a Christian from damnation. Good works have no place.
Yet, it is true that there is an emphasis on good works elsewhere in the Bible. For instance, Jesus is reported to have said, "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven." (Matthew 7:21) And James, the brother of Jesus, wrote in his Epistle, "Faith without works is dead." (James 2:20)
present Christian churches that follow Paul rather than Jesus would
undermine this legacy, and weaken it with a bloody mythology of human
sacrifice. They simplistically dismiss Jesus' teachings about the need
for correct action, and preach that salvation exists because Jesus died
on a cross as payment for our sins. Such a belief shows a total
disregard for human accountability in achieving salvation.
"If by Christianity we understand faith in Christ as the heavenly Son of God, who did not belong to earthly humanity, but who lived in the divine likeness and glory, who came down from heaven to earth, who entered humanity and took upon himself a human form through a virgin, that he might make propitiation for men's sins by his own blood upon the cross, who was then awakened from death and raised to the right hand of God, as the Lord of his own people, who believe in him, who hears their prayers, guards and leads them, who will come again with the clouds of heaven to judge the world, who will cast down all the foes of God, and will bring his own people with him unto the home of heavenly light so that they may become like His glorified body - if this is Christianity, then such Christianity was founded by St. Paul and not by our Lord." (Dr. Arnold Meyer, Professor of Theology, Zurich University, Jesus or Paul, p. 122)
According to the Bible, Jesus taught (John 8: 32):
"And ye shall know the TRUTH, and the TRUTH shall make you free."
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Why Do Muslims Reject "Perfect Salvation Thru Jesus?"
"Perfect Salvation" thru Jesus on the cross? - Islam says this is not "perfect salvation" nor is it "perfect justice."
Dear Mr. Sheik Yusuf Estes, "You indicated that the crucifixion of Jesus can not be in within the Divine Justice, because God never punishes the innocent for the sins of somebody else."
But let me ask you: "When somebody's child does something wrong, aren't the parents in grief, because they love the child?" So they would not want the child to suffer, but there must be some atonement, right? So, God took the innocent Jesus and . . . . . sacrificed him instead of us. Why can't Muslims see the "Prefect Salvation" in this?
Dear Sheik Yusuf,
Thank you for taking time from your busy schedule to answer me so quickly. You said in your answer, "Allah would never punish one person for someone else's sin."
That is true and, I agree with that: God is just, no doubts about that. But from your answer it seems to me you are indicating that Jesus on the cross is not in line with God's Divine Justice, because you say God never punishes an innocent one for the sins of the guilty ones.
. . . let the most perfect and most innocent one remove the sin and forgive the children (us) without hurting the children.
Now, me ask you something - when children do something bad, aren't the parents in grief over it? But yet they still love their children, right?
Think about it like this, suppose the parents are righteous people and they teach the child the right path, yet the child goes astray somehow. Is this the fault of the parents? I do not think so. So why do they suffer?
I think that they suffer for the child, because they love him. In Christianity, I have been told that the Lord loves His creation. I do not know if you agree with me on this point. I know that the Coran states that Allah is Merciful and Mercy-Giving, yet I do not know whether He loves the creation.
Yet if God loves the people of this world, even when they turn their back to Him, then God may suffer too (if you allow this unsuccessful comparison- will suffer as a parent suffers when the children turn away). Therefore I would reply to you that indeed, God would never punish somebody for somebody else's wrong, yet we can make God 'suffer' by our disbelief and our actions.
While Divine Justice ensures that nobody will be punished for somebody else's actions, the Lord can be afflicted by our sins.
Thank you again, I really appreciate the time that you spend on me.
Bismillah Rahman Raheem. Al Hamdulilah Rabbil Alameen was salat was Salam ala rasool al Kareem.
Thank you for your question. Greetings:
You are right. It is rare that I have such an opportunity to write for extended amounts of time like this. You see this morning I had few hours before going to do the Friday services for the Muslims in the university there in Montreal. And now I am back here in Washington, DC at my home computer writing to you again. But don't count on this happening again. This is very rare for me. Anyway, here goes and I hope that you can follow along with me on this. I pray that you can.
OK. First you are correct in some of what you say, however there should be clarification in the story you are mentioning and then the conclusion should be reconsidered.
You understood exactly what I said. But the argument that you are bringing is not in keeping with the teachings of the Bible. The Bible states:
"Spare the rod and you spoil the child."
Do you see that God Almighty has instructed the followers of Moses and the Jews to use the stick to punish the children.
It is clear from the many examples given in the Bible that Almighty God has no problem in punishing the wicked and evil doers. I fail to see why anyone who reads the Bible could overlook such an important teaching.
As regards whether or not Almighty God loves His creation, the answer is "No."
This is clear from the teachings in the Old Testament and in the Quran. It is only in the New Testament that you find things like, "For God so loved the world..."
In fact, if He loved it, He would not allow many things to happen as He does. This place, our universe and in particular, our planet are all a part of the great creation of Almighty God to do what? What is it that Almighty God is doing with us every day? It is the same thing that He has been doing with all of the humans since the beginning. What is it?
He also does not "suffer" as a result of our shortcomings and evil. He is never effected by His Creation. This is preposterous. He is far above and beyond these human failings. He is God. The real One and Only God.
And we do not compare Almighty God to anything that He created, for He is Glorified far above what they are trying to attribute to Him.
You tried to bring in a story of parents and their children. God is not a Father, nor our we His "children." The correct word or more appropriate meaning of the word "son" in this case would be "servant" or perhaps "worshipper", not "son" or "daughter" or "child." You can verify this is the dictionary of Strong's Concordance, by the way. I did.
Even in the case of the parents that you mentioned, have you ever heard of parents who beat themselves or some innocent child because they loved their child so much and did not want to punish him? That is sick. And you are not talking here about beating or hitting; you are talking about murder.
What kind of front page headlines would that be for parents that murdered each other or someone else's child, because their own child was bad and they just couldn't stand the suffering they were feeling while the child was being bad?
Come on. Let us try to keep our brains in our heads while we are thinking here.
Think of Adam, peace be upon him. He was in the Paradise. His wife was there with him. They were told that they could eat of anything there in the Paradise. And they did.
But they were also told not to eat of a specific fruit. Did they do it?
Because they had to in order for everything to be like it is.
Let me clarify for you. Almighty God always is under complete and total control. There is never a time when He is asleep or not paying attention to all that He has created. So He knows in advance everything that is going to happen and all of this that we call the universe and everything in it is under His control.
He did not have to put the fruit in there with Adam, peace be upon him, right?
He did not have to let the devil tempt them, right?
He did not have to kick them out of the Paradise as He did, right?
So, why in fact, did Almighty God create everything?
It is for us
It is a test.
Adam passed his test.
Eve passed her test.
They were created to be human, not gods. So naturally, they are like you and I in the fact that they are weak and they do things that are wrong and even sinful.
Do you acknowledge that all of us are sinners? I do.
So how is it that I say that Adam and Eve PASSED their test?
After all, they ate from the fruit of the forbidden tree. That was bad. Right?
They did it.
What the Bible has lost is the true moral to the story. Others came along later and began to try to make a totally different meaning out it, even blaming Eve for the first sin and for influencing Adam to do the same. And then suddenly she is going to be punished with the affliction of menstrual periods and child birth and all of this is her punishment. Adam, according to the Biblical account is tossed out of the Paradise because of this sin, along with Eve.
According to Islam, the story is pretty close, but lacks the true moral understanding and teachings.
All along Almighty God was going to put them out of the Paradise into the earth so that they could be tested.
The real test was not whether or not they would eat the fruit. The real test is what would they do after they ate the fruit.
Repentance is the word that we are looking for here. After Adam and Eve were put out of the Paradise (near the Holy Land), Adam went one way and Eve wound up going some other way. They did not see each other for a while.
Adam, peace be upon him, repented and placed his head down on the ground on a place that became a historic land mark from that time forward. Do you know where that is?
Bakkah. Today it is called Makkah, and it is in the Arabian Peninsula.
Adam put his head down on the ground and prayed to Almighty God to forgive him for he realized that he had really donemore than eat forbidden fruit. The fact is that he had disobeyed Almighty God and that is the worst thing. He knew now that he had to do something for what he had done. So, he prostrated to Almighty God.
God accepted from him.
The story of Eve is the same. She disobeyed and she also repented to Almighty God. Almighty God accepted her repentance as well.
Then Adam and Eve met each other in a place that is near Bakkah (Makkah in Saudi Arabia) called Arafat.
By the way, another mistake that many people make is to believe that the devil is a "fallen angel." This does not make any sense at all. After all there is no power in the universe except the One Almighty God. Right?
So how could the devil have been an angel and then suddenly go against God's Will?
The devil is actually from the earlier "people" before humans, known as "jinn" (our word "genie" comes from this).
The angels are made from pure light and so you cannot see them with the normal eye. The jinn are made from a "smokeless fire." The humans are made from the clay or dirt of the earth. The one we call the devil, was from the "jinn."
When he observed that Allah had made a new kind of creation and He was ordering everyone to bow down to it due to it being the "Best of Allah's Creation."
This really bothered the jinn that we call the devil is that he was no longer the preferred favorite of Almighty God. He was jealous. And that destroys us from the very moment that we begin to practice it.
Almighty God ordered all of His creation to "bow down" due to the creation of Adam, peace be upon him.
The Devil (Iblees) refused to obey Almighty God, and as a result Almighty God ordered him to go to Hell for what he had done. That was before Adam or Eve had even had life in them.
From the Islamic perspective, we are all here on this earth as a test. This is not our Paradise and it is far more like a prison where we must be careful of what we say and do for everything will have its consequences.
Almighty God tells us that He has only created us to worship, praise and devote ourselves to Him and to do so without making any partners with Him in devotion or worship. Those who make sins are to repent to Him and to seek for His Forgiveness and to ask for His Mercy. And He says that He does not forgive setting up partners with Him in worship (the First Commandment) but anything less than that He can forgive.
Over all picture:
Allah created the heavens and earth and all that is in the universe only to test us (although He already knows what the outcome will be, before He even created us). The test is not for Him. It is a test for us.
He will have to deal with what we have done on the Day of Judgment. There can be no second opinion on this one. Each and every person will see anything that he has done that is good, even an atom's weight of good and the same for doing even an atom's weight of bad, we will all see it then.
All the prophets, peace be upon them, taught the same message: "Worship God alone without any partners."
But people are weak, very weak. So before long they will begin to worship something else, unless you really keep them focused on Almighty God and don't let them stray away.
Reference the story of the followers of Moses, peace be upon him, when he was up in the mountain receiving the tablets from Almighty God, what happened?
They built a calf out of their gold and then began to worship it. This is why they had to wonder for 40 years in the wilderness, for the crime of worshipping other than the Almighty God.
The Pharisees at the time of Jesus, peace be upon him, had also corrupted the message and were out there selling and buying money because they told people that they could not buy anything for the sacrifices with money from Rome or any other government. It had to be their money. They were called "money changers."
What did Jesus, peace be upon him, do (according to what you have in the Bible)?
He took a whip and drove them out.
Now if he is so compassionate and can't stand to punish the evil doers, what does this story mean?
The New Testament says that Jesus went to a tree to get some fruit to eat from it, but he found it barren and without fruit, so he cursed the tree. Does this sound like Almighty God to you?
God has to eat?
God doesn't know which trees have fruit and which ones don't?
God gets angry at the tree?
God curses the tree?
And you said that "God so loved the world..." (except for certain trees).
By the way, he cursed the Pharisees too and he said they did not have enough righteousness to even enter Paradise.
And then what about his statement, according to the Bible, that says he ordered them to sell their cloaks and coats and buy swords?
And at Gethsemene when the Roman soldiers and the Rabbis from the San Hedrin came and tried to capture them and fighting broke out and they actually cut off the ear of one of the servants of a leader. These were Jews from the Jewish faith at that time.
Wouldn't it be a bit hypocritical to blame and punish certain people and then claim that you can't punish people because you just "love them too much"?
Finally, now let us go back to the story of the person who really did go to the cross. The one who "looked like" Jesus.
There is a name that is in the Arabic and Aramaic language that is pronounced "tau-aam." When it was taken into the Koine Greek (after Jesus time) and later on into the Latin, that became known as "Thomas." This word means "twin" or "look alike." (You can look this up in a name dictionary -- that is how I learned it).
The name of the one who sold Jesus out for thirty pieces of silver was what? - Judas Iscariot. Right?
Did you know that he had a nickname? I have a book of apocrypha that mentions his full name with the nickname in it.
Can you guess what it was?
Judas THOMAS Iscariot.
What is the big deal? That shows you that he "looked like" someone.
Who do think he looked like?
Remember, he told the Romans that he would go to the one that was Jesus and kiss him to indicate to them who he was. When this took place what happened next? The ground trembled and shook and the curtain on the temple was torn in two and everyone fell down on the ground. When they got up, they grabbed the one that they thought was "Jesus" and took him in custody.
When they asked him questions, he was no longer able to give the kinds of answers that they were used to hearing from him and when they asked who he was, he would answer by saying, "That is what you say about me."
For sure, God Almighty is Just, Fair and Merciful. He would never punish anyone for the sins of another; especially someone who loved Almighty God so much, and had prayed in tears and sweat to "Let this cup pass from me. Even so, Thy will be done."
And finally, what are the words that come from the mouth of the one on the cross just as he is dying? "Eli! Eli! Lama sabach thani?" The translation is put in brackets for us to see for ourselves. (My God! My God! Why has Thou forsaken me?) This is outright blasphemy. Who could say such a thing? This person is not happy with the "plan of salvation" that everyone is so quick to jump on and hope it works. This person is distraught with his condition and he is blaming his God.
Now consider this again; if Jesus, peace be upon him, went to the Garden of Gethsemene with his companions and posted them to be on the lookout so that he could pray and beg Almighty God to let this thing pass from him, but Almighty God would not accept his prayers, would not spare him this humiliation and torture and even death; then what hope would we have in front of God on the Day of Judgment.
If God Almighty loves the earth as much as you say, and He loves us so much, and He loved Jesus so much, then what difference does it make to Him which one of the things that He loves so much, that He is willing to destroy one of them for the other?
The whole idea is bizarre.
The Justice and Mercy of Almighty God are very much served in the version of the cross mentioned in the Quran. Someone who "looked like him" (the hypocrite, Judas Thomas Iscariot) goes to the cross instead. Didn't the Bible mention that he was "hanged on a tree?" (It also contradicts that statement in another gospel, saying that he fell off a cliff and burst into flames)
I agree with you in all that you said. God is Merciful. God is Just. God is Fair. These are the very attributes that He names Himself with in the Quran. And He is the LOVING GOD. That is in the Quran. But He clearly tells us what it is that
He Loves and what it is that He hates. And He does hate that anyone set up anything or anyone in partnership
Read Mark 12:28-30
28: And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?
29: And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
30: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
This is the exact meaning of the "Shahadah" or testimony of faith in Islam: "There is no god worthy of any devotion or worship, except the One True God Almighty."
Let us now come to the final conclusion to this matter and discover what makes this such a popular notion with people.
All of us are sinners and we all agree to that. All of us know that we are unworthy to inherit the Kingdom of God, that is in Islam as well.
The prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, also taught the very same concept as did Jesus, peace be upon him. He told his companions that none would enter into the Paradise except by the Grace of Almighty God. He was preaching the message of salvation by Grace. They asked him, even you, O messenger of God?" He said, "Yes. Even me."
What is the Grace and how do we get it?
By knowing that there really is only One God and that He alone is worthy of all of our devotion, love, praise and thanks. And by repenting to Him and saying that we are truly sorry for what we have done and then making sacrifices for His sake and obeying Him even if it means that we might not get to do our own will, but rather we are doing His Will instead.
But the method for salvation in Islam (repentance and obedience and sacrifice) is not acceptable to most of the people. They much prefer a short cut. Anything. As long as they can continue to do the things that they want to do and then feel like that somehow they are going to be automatically and completely forgiven, then that is good enough.
Now I'm going to say something strange to you Mihai, I'm going to tell you to go back and read your Bible. Really.
But this time, pray to God (direct, not to Jesus) and ask Him to open your heart and your mind to His Words in that Book. Some of it is still there, even though many have tried to change and corrupt it. Go back and read it again. But when you see something that is definitely contradictory to the teachings of the Old Testament and absolutely against any common sense, leave that part out of your formula.
If you want to have some idea of what the Quran has in it, you are welcome to write to me and I'll arrange for one to be delivered to you. It might be that you already have one and maybe you would like to look in it for some ideas. It is up to you. The whole story of your life and your walk with God, is all up to you. We have nothing for sale here. If you come to Islam, there is no promise of anything other than a chance to try to be one who worships Almighty God without any
partners. If you are successful in that, then He will reward you and forgive your sins and grant you His Paradise. But it is all up to Him in the final analysis.
In closing I would like to mention a few points:
Islam is wide open and you are free to ask any questions that you like. You do not have to accept the statement, "Just believe. It is a matter of faith. Don't question."
Islam has proofs to back up its statements. The Quran and teachings of Muhammad, peace be upon him, are all preserved in tact and in the memories of over 9 million people.
The proofs are available to everyone.
There is no clergy in Islam or any hierarchy to deal with. We are all the same in front of Allah.
Faith works side by side with proof so that your mind and heart are never at odds with each other.
Nobody has the right to hear your confessions of sins and mistakes, except Almighty God. And only He can forgive them.
No human can guarantee that someone will enter Paradise or Hell.
No one can make up some worship for himself or for others and then expect that Almighty God has to accept that from them.
There is no compulsion in Islam. If you want to worship God on His terms, then you are welcome as a brother in faith. If not, that is your choice.
No one can carry the burden of another's sins or guilt.
None shall be asked (much less punished) about the sins of another.
Every atom's weight of good and every atom's weight of evil is recorded.
Any good is from Allah & the mistakes were from myself.
Please pray for me and ask Allah to Forgive me. May Allah guide all of us to His Truth, ameen.
Salam alaykum - Yusuf Estes
Excerpted, with slight modifications from: www.islamnewsroom.com/
Name of Questioner: Mustapha - Rwanda Date: 07/Dec/2004
I have been a Christian for a long time without finding the answer to many Christian questions. Now, many Christians trouble me using the prophecies of Daniel and the last book of their Bible, the Apocalypse. What does Islam say about the prophecies of Daniel and the Book of Revelations in the Bible?
Answer : Name of Counselor: Nabil Haroun
It seems your Christian friends are troubling you. Why do you have to trouble yourself with the prophecies of the book of Daniel or the Apocalypse? First, think for yourself and ask your Christian friends: is the Bible really the word of God? How can they prove such claim? The Bible speaks for itself and says: “I am a compilation of human literary works written by human authors, documenting the history, views, epistles, and other literary works of the Israelites (the Old Testament) and Christians (the New Testament).”
groups were written and adopted, centuries after the departure of
Prophets Moses and Jesus (peace be upon them), respectively. Neither the
churches nor the Christian scholars can deny this simple fact, but they
apologetically claim that the writers of the Bible were “inspired” by
God to write what they wrote, otherwise, they could not have written.
Can they prove that? Why would this not apply to any similarly prominent
human works such as Homer’s Odyssey, Karl Marx’s Kapital,
Francis Fukuyama’s End of History and the Last Man?
claims directly contradict what Jesus himself said and emphasized,
according to the same Bible:
“And Jesus saith unto him, ‘The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man hath not where to lay his head’” (Matthews 8:20).
answered him, ‘The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The
Lord our God is one Lord’” (Mark 12:29).
You can find more in the suggested links at the bottom of this answer and probably much more if you have the time and patience to critically read, compare, and evaluate the lengthy collection of the Bible books.
how can a sound mind believe or rely on any story, anecdote, prophecy,
or statement in the Bible? Why should you trouble yourself with the
prophecies in Daniel and the Apocalypse?
king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a
kingdom, power, and strength, and glory. And wheresoever the children of
men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he
given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art
this head of gold. And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior
to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over
all the earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch
as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that
breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas
thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron,
the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength
of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And
as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the
kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou
sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the
seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is
not mixed with clay.” (Daniel 2:37-43)
The Apocalypse was written by the widely disputed “John”, who also wrote the fourth Gospel and his two epistles. It is well known that this Gospel, in contrast to the other three Gospels, was intentionally written to support the claims of Jesus’s deity, the Trinity, etc. So, should the Apocalypse be viewed?
troubling yourself with whatever the Bible or its interpreters claim,
ask your Christian friends to read this answer and to visit this section
(Ask about Islam) on the Internet. It is fruitless to go on arguing
secondary issues with others (e.g. prophecies in the Bible) if we do not
agree on the main issue: Could the Bible, written by known and unknown
human authors, be claimed to be the word of God?
“Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, "This is from Allâh," to purchase with it a little price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for that they earn thereby” (Al-Baqarah 2:79).
Allah also says what means
“And the Jews will never be satisfied with you, neither will the Christians till you [closely] follow their creed. Say, “Surely the guidance of Allah is the guidance ….” (Al-Baqarah 2:120).
Finally He says also what means:
“Say (O Muhammad SAW): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allâh, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allâh. Then, if they turn away, say: "Bear witness that we are Muslims." (Aal `Imran 3:64).
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
I read in the newspaper that 15% of the Koran is about Jesus Christ; and I also read in the English version of Koran that Mohammad believe in Christ, Abraham, The prophets and their writings which preceded Koran. If so, why does the Koran accept some doctrines of the bible, like the miracles of Christ, his sinlessness, being a prophet, etc. and contradict many of its doctrines like the deity of Christ as written in Isa. 9:6 & John 1:1, 3:16, and the atonement both in the old and new testaments?
If the Koran is without error, why are there sects in Islam namely, Shia & Sunni respectively? Why does the Koran allows polygamy, while the Bible is against it as written in Gen. 2:24 & Matt. 19:5? My soul needs THE TRUTH.
Answer: Praise be to Allah.
Allah often mentions the Messiah ‘Eesa ibn Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) in His Book the Qur’an for a number of reasons, including the following:
1. He is one of His Prophets, indeed he is one of the Messengers of strong will whom He sent to His creation and His slaves. It is obligatory to believe in him as in all the other Prophets, as enjoined by Allah in the verse :
“Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibraaheem (Abraham), Ismaa’eel (Ishmael), Ishaaq (Isaac), Ya’qoob (Jacob), and to Al-Asbaat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya’qoob (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Moosa (Moses) and ‘Eesa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam)” [Al-Baqarah 2:136]
2. The first people whom we should be concerned about when calling others to Islam are the People of the Book, i.e., the Jews and the Christians, because they are the closest of later nations to whom the later Messengers were sent. Both the Jews and the Christians knew of the coming of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his attributes were written in their books, the Tawraat (Torah) and Injeel (Gospel). So they should not deny what they find in their books and they should hasten to believe in him, because they already believe in the Messengers who came before him, unlike other nations who worshipped idols. Because they did not believe in the Last Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as they were enjoined to do, they had to be refuted and shown how they had distorted the message of divine Oneness (Tawheed). This is why they are frequently mentioned in the verses of the Qur’aan.
3. Tawheed (the Oneness of God) is the basic principle upon which everything else, both religious and worldly affairs, is to be built; through Tawheed people will be saved from Hell and admitted to Paradise. This means affirming that Allah is One. We see that the Jews and Christians differed concerning ‘Eesa ibn Maryam. The Jews said that he was a charlatan who told lies about God, so he had to be killed. The Christians differed from them greatly; some of them said that he was God, and some of them said that he was the son of God, but was one with Him in the Trinity, so that outwardly he appeared to be the son of God but he was in fact God.
And some of them said that he was the third person of the Trinity which is a rejection of Tawheed. Others said that he was a Messenger from God and was human like the rest of mankind, but that Allah singled him out to perform miracles in order to establish proof against people. The last group are the ones who were right. So it was essential to explain the matter and describe ‘Eesa in befitting terms. As with all the other Prophets and Messengers, it is not inappropriate to say that he was a human being, created from clay, whom Allah chose from among all of mankind to be created without a father, as a manifestation of the power of Allah to create a man outside the usual means. The likeness of ‘Eesa before Allah is like Adam, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: ‘Be!’ — and he was” [Aale ‘Imraan 3:59]
This is the correct belief concerning the creation of the Prophet of Allah ‘Eesa, which was a miracle for all the people to see. But the miracle of Adam’s creation is greater. For ‘Eesa (peace be upon him) was created without a father, but Adam was created without a father or a mother, and this is more expressive of the power of Allah to create; it is more miraculous than the creation of ‘Eesa (peace be upon him). For all these reasons and others, it was essential to explain the issue of ‘Eesa (peace be upon him) and put matters straight.
In conclusion, the miracles which Allah gave to ‘Eesa (peace be upon him) were just like the miracles of all the other Prophets, to prove that he was speaking the truth and that he was truly a Messenger from Allah. But those who distorted the religion confused the matter for the simple-minded people and used his miracles as a justification to say that he was the son of God or that he was God. All of that is a distortion of the teachings and message of the Messiah (peace be upon him).
If everyone who follows a Prophet were to take the miracles which Allah bestowed upon him as a sign that he was a god, then all the Prophets would be gods and each Prophet would be different from the others. For the mountains glorified Allah along with Dawood (David – peace be upon him), but they did not do so with ‘Eesa. The sea was parted for Moosa (Moses – peace be upon him) and he spoke with his Lord and his Lord spoke with him, so he was known as Kaleem-Allah (the one who spoke with Allah), but this did not happen to ‘Eesa (peace be upon him). Allah flooded the earth in response to the supplication of Nooh (Noah – peace be upon him) and that did not happen to ‘Eesa (peace be upon him). Allah singled out Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to speak to him and to protect his miracle from being lost or distorted; he alone was sent to all of mankind, and he was given miracles that were not given to ‘Eesa. So how could that be taken to mean that they were all gods?
With regard to the view that if the Qur’aan were not distorted there would not be all these many sects such as the Shi’ah and other groups.
The answer to that is that the Qur’aan cannot force people to choose the right path, because the Qur’an is simply guidance (and it is up to people to choose). Allah has warned us about these sects and groups, and He has forbidden us to imitate the nations who became divided in religious matters. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“....and be not of Al‑Mushrikoon (the polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah).(31) Of those who split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islamic Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the religion (Bid‘ah), and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it” [Ar-Room 30:31-32]
“And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment” [Aale ‘Imraan 3:105]
Allah has commanded them to adhere to His Book and to follow the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), as He says :
“And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided” [Aale ‘Imraan 3:103]
“O you who believe! Make not (a decision) in advance before Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All‑Hearing, All‑Knowing” [Al-Hujuraat 49:1]
i.e., do not say or do anything that goes against the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
What is meant here is that Allah forbade the people to split into various groups, and He commanded them to be united, but they followed their own whims and desires, and they cast the Book of Allah behind their backs, and if they were confused about a verse from the Book of Allah, they did not refer to the Sunnah of the Messenger in order to understand it, rather they let their own opinion and corrupt reasoning be the judge. All of that is not from the Qur’aan and not from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
With regard to the question about plural marriage in Islam and its being forbidden in the New Testament, it should be noted that Allah gave each Messenger his own laws and path. Allah enjoined Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allah) upon every single Prophet whom He sent, but the laws varied and some of them abrogated others. Some commands were permissible at the time of Adam (peace be upon him) were abrogated at the time of Nooh (peace be upon him).
The laws that existed at the time of Moosa (Moses – peace be upon him) were partially abrogated at the time of ‘Eesa (Jesus – peace be upon him), as Allah tells us (interpretation of the meaning):
“....To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way....” [Al-Maa’idah 5:48]
So once this is understood, we will realize that plural marriage did not exist only in the law of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), rather it existed in the laws of all the previous Prophets. For example, Ya’qoob (Jabob – peace be upon him) had two wives and was married to two sisters at the same time, according to the Old Testament, as it says in the Book of Genesis 29:15-35.
The father of the Prophets, Ibraaheem (Abraham – peace be upon him) was also married to two women, Haajar (Hagar) and Saara (Sarah). The Old Testament mentions that the Prophet of Allah, Dawood (David) had seventy or ninety-nine wives, and Sulaymaan (Solomon) had one hundred wives. These and other examples demonstrate that each of the Prophets implemented the laws that Allah had prescribed. Plural marriage is not only for this ummah (nation – i.e., the Muslims). The fact that the Christians do not allow it may be for two reasons:
1 – This is one of the laws of Allah which was binding before the time of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
2 – They introduced their own innovation and went to extremes in this matter, as in the case of monasticism which they invented and which was not prescribed for them, but they sought to earn the pleasure of Allah thereby.
We ask Allah to guide you and to help you find the true religion, which is Islam, and the path of the Prophet of Mercy (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) according to the understanding of his noble Companions.
It is mentioned in your Qur’an that Mary was the sister of Aaron (pbuh). Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who wrote the Qur’an did not know the difference between Miriam the sister of Aaron (pbuh) and Mary the Mother of Jesus (pbuh), the time span between both of them was about a thousand years.
1. In the semitic languages sister also means descendant
The Qur’an mentions in Surah Maryam, Chapter 19 verses 27-28
"At length she brought the (babe) to her people, carrying him (in her arms). They said: ‘O Mary! Truly an amazing thing hast thou brought! [Maryam 19:27]
O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of evil, nor thy mother a woman unchaste!’" [Maryam 19:28]
Christian missionaries say that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not know the difference between Mary the mother of Jesus (pbuh) and Miriam the sister of Aaron (pbuh). The time span between both was more than a thousand years.
In the Arabic construction of the sentence, sister is also considered as a descendant. Thus, when the people said to Mary, Ukhta Haroon i.e. ‘sister of Aaron’ it actually means descendant of Aaron (pbuh).
2. Son also means descendant
It is mentioned in the Gospel of Mathew, Chapter 1 verse 1
"Jesus Christ, the son of David,....".
3. Did Jesus (pbuh) have two fathers?
What do you call a person who has two fathers? The explanation of the phrase that Jesus (pbuh) was the son of David (pbuh), is that Jesus (pbuh) was a descendant of David (pbuh). ‘Son’, here means a descendant.
Will all Jews and all Christians go to hell? What would be the status of the people of the book for believing in Jesus as Gods son, and Jews for believing in as chosen people of God?
Dear brother, we are really pleased to have your question and to have the chance to convey some of the teachings of our religion to our Non-Muslim brothers. Quranic verses shows what God is telling to the people of book (Christians and Jews) and other non believers that, first is the basic belief (only one God) to be accepted and then comes the deeds. Deeds (how excellent they may be) without correct beliefs are useless on the Day of Judgement. However before coming of prophet Mohammad (PBUH), every one fate will be judged according to the beliefs which they may be having about prophet Jesus (PBUH) and all others prophets before him, but after prophet Mohammad (PBUH) coming and the Last Testament Quran, then if somebody gets the knowledge of him and Quran, then his fate will be decided as per ones beliefs about him, the Quran and then the deeds (along with basic belief of one God).
Quran reminds Jews and Christians about their beliefs about Jesus and then their misconception for themselves. Allah says:
“Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: ‘Be!’ — and he was” (Aale ‘Imraan 3:59)
“And when it is said unto them (Jews & Christians), Believe in that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We believe in that which was revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that which cometh after it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the prophets of Allah aforetime, if ye are (indeed) believers?” (Al-Baqarah 2:91)
“And they say: "None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian." Those are their (vain) desires. Say: "Produce your proof if ye are truthful." (Al-Baqarah: 2:111)
”But never will they express their desire (for Death), because of the (deeds) their hands have sent on before them! and Allah knows well those that do wrong” (Al-Jumma 62:7)
“Verily, those who disbelieve [religion of Islâm, the Qur'ân and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)] from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikûn will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures” (Al-Bayyanah 98:6)
“(As for) those who believe and do good, surely they are the -best of men (7) Their reward with their Lord is gardens of perpetuity beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein for ever; Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him; that is for him who fears his Lord” (Al-Bayyanah 98:7-8)
”Not your desires, nor those of the
People of the Book (can prevail): whoever works evil, will be requited
accordingly. Nor will he find, besides Allah, any protector or helper”.
”They are in truth (equally) unbelievers;
and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment”. (An-Nisa 4:151)
”And who believe in the Revelation sent to thee, and sent before thy time, and (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter”. (Al-Baqarah 2:4)
There is one clear hadith about Jews and the Christians of present generation about their destination if they die without believing on last prophet and the message he brought.
Narrated Anas Hurairah (ra): Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said, “By Him in Whose Hand Mohammad’s soul is, there is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians (of the present nations) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the message with which I have been sent, but he will be from the dwellers of the (Hell) fire” (Bukhari)
Narrated Abu (ra): Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said, “Allah wil say to the person of the (Hell) fire who will receive the least punishment, “if you had everything on the earth, would you give it as ransom to free yourself (from hell fire)?”. He will say, “yes”. Then Allah will say, “while you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you much less than this (i.e. not to worship others beside me), but you insisted on worshipping others beside me” (Bukhari)
All above Quranic verses and hadiths are self explanatory, who will be going to hell and paradise even with good deeds.
All above Quranic verses are self explanatory, who will be going to hell and paradise even with good deeds.
Question : Name of Questioner : Jonathan Date: 02/Oct. 2007
I am a Christian man and have lived in the United States my entire life. I have always been fascinated with the subject of religion and have taken the time to study the Islamic faith somewhat.
I have a question in regard to your position on salvation and the afterlife. Here is some background so that you will understand where I am coming from.
I personally believe in the Torah and the Gospels as do other Christians, but I do *not* in any fashion believe that there are "three gods" or anything of the sort. The Bible itself teaches that there is only *One God* and the belief in "three" is from sources other than the Bible. "One" by no means implies that there are really "three." To this day, I still can't really figure out where Christians have come up with the concept of "three in one." There is only One God. And, like Muslims, I do not ascribe any "partners" with God - no humans, animals, etc. And neither do I worship his prophets or messengers as being equal with God, though I do acknowledge that they are sent from Him.
Of course, because I am a Christian, I do feel that Jesus -may peace be upon him - was the "Messiah," just like other Christians believe (that he died on the cross, etc.) My question in regard to Islam, pertained to the fact that Muslims (as I understand them) deny the crucifixion of Christ, and accept the prophethood of Muhammad.
Although I am not a "Muslim," I do most certainly worship only One God, Who I believe is the same as "Allah," whom the Muslims worship. But because I am a Christian, I do not hold the same views as do Muslims in regard to the prophethood of Muhammad and the crucifixion of Jesus.
My question to you is: is it considered necessary in Islam for a man like myself to convert to Islam in order to go to Paradise (Heaven), even though I ascribe worship to only One God now as Christian? Is it acceptable to still be a "Christian" in the eyes of Allah, and go to Heaven?
I'm just curious, and perhaps the answer is not as cut and dry as I make it. I ask with an open mind and heart. Please get back to me when you can. And may Allah richly bless you for your work in spreading the glorious truth that He is One - and there is none before or after Him. Have a blessed Ramadan. Jonathan
Answer : Name of Counselor : Marwa Elnaggar
Regarding your question, like you said, there really are no cut and dry answers. Would it surprise you if I told you that in Islam, even Muslims can never be sure whether they will be going to heaven or hell?
Judging Is In The Hands Of God
We believe that the judgment lies in the hands of God, as He is the Most Just and even more important, He is the Most Loving and Most Merciful and Compassionate. It is never for us to judge in His place.
In fact, it is prohibited in Islam to specify Hell for any human being, no matter what his or her beliefs appear to be.
Muslim scholars have also taught that one shouldn't hold any human being in contempt because he or she might be closer to God than oneself.
Being our Creator, only God knows what is in our hearts, our intentions, our actions, our speech. He knows whether we have harmed people or whether we have sought for peace and understanding among His creation.
Mercy And Compassion, Not Justice
As Muslims, we believe that everyone will be held accountable for their deeds and speech, and we live in hope that God will judge us not according to His justice, but according to His Infinite Mercy and Compassion.
There is a saying of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) that basically means that everyone who believes in his or her heart that there is no god but the One True God (Allah in Arabic) will ultimately dwell in Paradise.
In addition, in the Quran, which as you may know, is what Muslims believe to be the revelation of God's words to the Prophet Muhammad, God says:
“Verily, those who believe (in that which is revealed to you, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely their reward is with their Lord, and no fear shall come upon them neither shall they grieve” (Al-Baqarah 2:62)
Now, the translation here mentions "Christians". Technically, the term in the Quran is "Nasara". In Arabic, and in the Muslim understanding of the life of Prophet Jesus (peace and blessings be upon him), his followers were called the "Nasara", or the "followers and supporters".
Quranic verse points out, the reward of all the people mentioned in the
verse is with their Lord. More importantly, they have nothing to fear or
grieve, and can only hope for Paradise through leading a pious and
peaceful life, doing good deeds and helping their fellow creatures, all
the while worshipping none but the One God.
People who lived before the Prophet Muhammad, or even those who lived after him but did not have enough knowledge about him in order to accept that he is a prophet of God like other prophets, are called "ahl al-fitrah". In Islam, these people are forgiven by God because the message did not reach them.
However, Jonathan, if you don't know enough about Muhammad, you might be interested to read up on him from original sources. The Quran says:
“Strongest among men in enmity to the believers wilt thou find the Jews and Pagans; and nearest among them in love to the believers wilt thou find those who say, "We are Christians": because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant. (82) And when they listen to the revelation received by the Messenger, thou wilt see their eyes overflowing with tears, for they recognise the truth: they pray: "Our Lord! we believe; write us down among the witnesses” (Al-Ma'idah 5:82-83)
Muslims Are… Also Believers In Christ
On another note, you interestingly ask, "Is it acceptable to still be a "Christian" in the eyes of Allah, and go to Heaven?", placing the word Christian between quote marks.
If you meant to say "follower of Jesus Christ", rather than "believer in Christ's divinity", would it surprise you if I told you that Muslims are "Christian" in the sense that they are also followers of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him)?
We also believe that he is the Messiah, and that is how he is mentioned in the Quran .
You can read the verse that says:
“And remember when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah gives thee glad tidings of a word from him, whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, illustrious in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near unto Allah” (Aal `Imran 3:45)
There are many other verses that mention Jesus as the Messiah, but I will only quote a few:
“O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning Allah save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers, and say not "Three" - Cease! it is better for you! - Allah is only One Allah. Far is it removed from His Transcendent Majesty that He should have a son. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is sufficient as Defender” (An-Nisaa' 4:171)
“The Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a messenger, messengers (the like of whom) had passed away before him. And his mother was a saintly woman. And they both used to eat (earthly) food….” (Al-Ma'idah 5:75)
The verses about Jesus Christ and his mother, the Virgin Mary are beautiful in the Quran. It might interest you to read a translation of those verses.
Jesus's mother, Mary, is even considered a prophet, and not just a saint, according to some strong opinions of Muslim scholars because she received revelation from God through the angel. This actually makes Islam the only religion in the world who has female prophets. In fact, there is a whole chapter in the Quran named after her.
Original Innocence, Not Sin
You are right when you say that Muslims do not believe in the crucifixion of Christ. We believe he is the Messiah, but this word means in Arabic "the one whom God has wiped clean of any sins", among other things.
Other scholars of Islam say that the name "Messiah" also refers, in the context of Jesus as the Messiah, to the fact that when Jesus wiped his hands over any sick person, that person would be miraculously healed by God.
For Muslims his being the Messiah does not mean that he died on the cross. I hope that I am not offending you when I say this, but this is what we believe.
The verse in the Quran that mentions this says:
“And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Isa son of Marium, the messenger of Allah; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Isa) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for sure’. (An-Nisaa' 4:157)
So, because we believe that the Quran is the word of God and that God is the All-Knowing, we believe that He, in His Mercy and Wisdom, "raised" Jesus up to himself. We do not believe that he was crucified simply because we do not believe that he needed to be crucified as expiation for the sins of mankind.
The reason for this is that Muslims do not accept the idea of original sin, but in contrast, accept as true the idea of "original innocence", if one can term it that. Actually, we consider that although Adam and Eve did sin, they repented, and because God is the Most Merciful, He forgave them.
And even if they had not been forgiven, we believe that it would still have never affected us because according to Islam, each human is responsible for his or her own deeds only.
This is why Muslims believe that everyone is born free of any sin, and that everyone will be held accountable on the Day of Judgment only for the sins he or she committed.
Following Muhammad… Following Christ
After saying all this, it probably sounds strange when I say that Muslims are also followers of Christ, doesn't it? However, we maintain that by following Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), we are actually following all the prophets of God that were sent before him.
You see, in Islam, we do not think that Prophet Muhammad appeared with some new religion that is different from that of Adam, Noah, Moses, Abraham Joseph, Jacob, or Jesus. We believe in all of these prophets, and that they were all saying the same thing: "Believe in One God and worship only Him." That's it – nothing more, nothing less.
technically, we are Mosaic, Christian, Abrahamic, Jacobian, Ishmaelite,
and Muhammadans, and so on, because we believe in all of the messages of
all those prophets. In the Quran it is mentioned that the Prophet
Muhammad is only the final prophet in a long line of prophets.
In addition, in the Quran, God tells us:
“Say: We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered” (Al-Baqarah 2:136)
That means we believe in the message that Jesus (peace be upon him) received just as we believe in the message that Muhammad (peace be upon him) received.
We do not see Islam "peace", "purity" and "submission" as the religion of Muhammad, but rather, it is the religion of God, which of course, is continuation of the same message that all the prophets of God received throughout history.
And submitting to the Creator means believing in all His prophets and messengers, and not picking or choosing some of them alone. In other words, it was the duty of every follower of Moses to believe in Jesus Christ as a messenger of God. The same would apply for the followers of Jesus to believe in Muhammad as a messenger of God. And, of course, as I mentioned before, for every follower of Muhammad, is to believe on all the prophets who came before him (peace be upon them all).
There are still so many issues I would have liked to discuss with you, Jonathan, but I have written so much already, so I will leave it at that for now. I hope you continue to visit our website and provide us with your comments and feedback.
Once again, I would like to express our thanks for your kind words. Should you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us at any time. May God bless you with health, happiness, and inner peace.
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Question : Name of Questioner : Faisal - Argentina
Can you please answer my question? As you know, the Muslim religion came after the Christian religion. Is it a continuation of the Christian religion?
If so, my friend was wondering, why does it deny the 'main points' of the Christian religion? Like; Christians believe that Jesus is God or the son of God, while Muslims believe that God was not born and would be born.
Answer : Name of Counselor : Nabil Haroun
Let me first correct your statement that “Islam is a continuation of Christianity”. On the contrary, we can say it is the continuation of same message which came to all prophets from the very beginning. God says in Quran:
“Say: We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered” (Al-Baqarah 2: 136)
However it can be proved that Islam, having the last testament came to correct the deviations of Christianity, who have turned away from the original message, which was basically Islam.
“And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters” (Al-Baqarah 2:135)
The Bible is a collection of human books documenting the traditions of the Israelites and early Christians. Hence, they are not the word of God. Yet, whatever attributed therein to either Moses or Jesus, can be shown to directly nullify the major beliefs advocated by the Christian Churches.
Bible, being corrupted, gives conflicting messages, but still in Bible we find such verses which are continuation of messages of all prophets.
God In Bible - Is “One” According To The Following Examples:
“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is One Lord.” (Deuteronomy 6:4)
“Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the Lord He is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else.” (Deuteronomy 4:39)
Regarding the so-called “divine sonship” of Jesus, Jesus himself referred to God as “Father”, i.e. Guardian, Provider, Cherisher … etc. for all people, including Jesus: (In Bible, word “Father”,“Son” and “Children” creates confusing meanings)
“And he said unto them: ‘When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth.’” (Luke 11:2)
“Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.” (Matthews 5:9)
“That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret Himself shall reward thee openly.” (Matthews 6:4)
saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father:
but go to my brethren, and say unto them: ‘I ascend unto my Father, and
your Father; and to my God, and your God.’”
“And Jesus saith unto him: ‘The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the son of Man hath not where to lay his head.’” (Matthews 8:20)
“And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the son of Man be lifted up.” (John 3:14)
the claimed “original sin and atonement” contradicts the Bible:
“But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.” (Jeremiah 31:30)
that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the
father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son. The
righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of
the wicked shall be upon him.”
said: ‘Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for
of such is the kingdom of heaven.’”
“Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.” (Matthews 7:1-2)
It was Paul, not Jesus, who advocated these claims, against the original teachings of Jesus:
“Then was Saul [Paul] certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus. And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.” (Acts 9:19-20)
“And some said: ‘What will this babbler [Paul] say?’ Other some: ‘He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection.’” (Acts 17:18)
“Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my [Paul’s] gospel.” (2 Timothy 2:8)
To conclude, Islam accepts and is the completed final version of the previous messages originally revealed to Moses and Jesus, as well as Abraham, Noah …etc. The basic of all the prophets was the same, “Believe on One God, all His prophets and their message”.
We believe on Bible verses that does not contradict with Quran, because Quran is the counter checker which corrects all that was interpolated, added, deleted or misunderstood. Also Bible is not available in its original language, only translations are available which can not be treated as 100% correct.
“O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): "Why do you mix truth with falsehood and conceal the truth while you know?" (Aale ‘Imraan 3:71)
Quran is revealed in Arabic, and still available in its original language. The same language is still spoken and written also. Therefore what God says about Jews & Christians in Quran are the actual facts.
Let us see what Allah Almighty says in Quran about all above:
Almighty Allah commanded: ”O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in you religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah Isa, son of Maryam, was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, ("Be" - and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: "Three (trinity)!" Cease! (It is) better for you. For Allah is the only One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs (171) So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment. And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper” (An-NIssa 4:171,173)
“Surely the religion in the providence of Allah is Islam. And in no way did the ones to whom the Book brought differ [among themselves] except even after the knowledge came to them, being inequitable among themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the signs of Allah, then surely Allah is Swift in the reckoning” (Aal `Imran 3:19)
Thus, Islam is the final message to remain preserved intact to the end-of-time. Allah also says what means:
“Surely We, Ever We, have been sending down the Remembrance, and surely We are indeed Preservers of it” (Al-Hijr 15:9)
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Question : Name of Questioner : Maya - Date: 23/Jun/2002
I think I
have a hard question to ask. I want a proof (but not from the Quran)
that Islam is the true final religion and not a man-made religion.
wonder, if Islam and Christianity are from the same God, why is there a
difference in the nature of the religion? (I don't mean the Bible here.
I know that it is corrupted most likely). I mean here values and
principles. Christianity is more geared towards ideals (in loving,
forgiving, not punishing in this life, turning the other cheek...) and
spirituality, while Islam has more emphasis on earthly life matters.
Answer: Name of Counselor: Shahul Hameed
Please consider the following points about Islam:
1. From the beginning of mankind, God has been sending His messengers to give mankind true guidance from God. Thus, Islam believes in all the prophets of God, before Muhammad (including Abraham, Moses and Jesus); and all the Books of God, before the Quran (including the Torah, the Psalms of David and the Gospel of Christ). No other religion does this.
2. Islam categorically states the existence of the One and Only God, Who is the Creator and Sustainer of the whole universe. This fact is stated in the Torah, the Gospel and in the Quran. Yet, the Christians of today follow the pagan idea of Trinity, introduced into Christianity by Paul of Tarsus. The unequivocal statements of all the Old Testament prophets, as well as Christ, about God, completely square with the idea of God presented by Islam.
3. If you consider the prophecies about a prophet-like-Moses, given in Deuteronomy 18:18, Isaiah 42:1-17, and about the Comforter, the Spirit of Truth or the Paraclete, in the Gospel, according to John 14 and 16, you can see clearly that this prophet could be none other than the last prophet of God, Muhammad (peace be upon him).
4. A study of the progressive guidance of God, through Judaism, Christianity and Islam, will clearly prove that Islam, as taught by Muhammad, is the culmination of that progression.
5. Consider the teachings of Islam: one god, one human race, one religion; belief in all the prophets of God, which is the ground of its tolerance; belief in the accountability of man in the hereafter. Besides, one can see the emphasis it lays on justice, equity and brotherhood in social life; and on purity, sincerity and the spirit of sacrifice in individual life.
6. Consider the intense practicality of Islamic teachings, its compatibility with science and technology and with modern times.
7. Also see that it is the fastest growing religion now, in spite of all the adverse conditions and the most hostile propaganda against it.
As for the
difference in the teachings of Christ and the teachings of Muhammad:
the “middle path”. Muslims are described as “ummatan wasatan”, a
balanced society. This is part of the perfecting of religion, since the
complete religion would not be only mercy and sacrifice. It is practical
and viable; it is a way of life, a complete way of life.
“… but I
say unto you, that ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on
thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.”
(Matthew 5: 39)
Muslims are not just directed to fight. It becomes their duty to fight in certain contexts; like when your sister is sexually attacked in front of you! “Resist not evil!!!” Think of it: “not resisting evil”, will be the greatest encouragement for evil in this wicked world.
Well, as I said, Islam is a practical religion. It enjoins upon its followers piety and devotion; prayer and fasting, charity and sacrifice; purity and sincerity; love and mercy.
On the other hand, it asks its followers to stand out firmly for justice, even if it is against their own kith and kin. Justice should be done to all, whether they are friends or foes. To ask us to love the enemy is to ask us to do something impractical. Still, we are commanded to do justice to them, to all. Justice is the biggest problem in the world. God is just and wants justice in world. For that if somebody is unjust to you (any criminal act, oppression, possession etc) then you must fight back. This is the way a peaceful society can be maintained. Suppose you start leaving the criminals and breakers of laws unpunished, you can not live a peaceful life. Islam guides on all this and press for justice in behaviors even if it is against you.
Islam tells that you have to die and will be accounted for your deeds. There is no sense that both bad and good people will be treated equally by God and forgiven.
And Allah knows best.
Mr. Lamaan Ball, editor of Ask About Islam, adds:
I think it is important, to note a couple of things:
Firstly, we should distinguish as you mention in your question between the original teachings of both Jesus and Moses and what has become established thinking and practice in both Christianity and Judaism respectively.
The teachings of all the prophets were the same and were the religion of submission to the will of God.
What happened over time however is that Judaic law became very rigid and strict due to people trying to find ways to avoid practicing it. The core of Jesus' message was to bring the Jews back towards having pure intentions of obedience to God's law rather than holding to it only reluctantly by being pushed on with very strict rules. A sincere believer seeks the best way to do their acts of obedience to God – they don't need to be told to do it in the best way.
What happened with what became established Christianity however, was that this focus on the spirit of the law became exaggerated and Christianity fell into the opposite extreme, where all that matters is the doctrine of faith in your heart, and the law itself could be ignored or re-invented freely.
Muhammad's message re-balanced the teachings of the true religion of Islam. The importance of the spirit of the law and of the law itself were established clearly. Muslims can look towards both the excesses of Christian monasticism and Jewish materialism and seek to find a balance.
Taking your specific example: Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his early followers in Mecca were persecuted and Muhammad made it very clear that in these circumstances, fighting back was not allowed. This is close to the situation of Jesus (peace be upon him) when he was preaching in his society. The reason for the apparent difference in teachings is only because Jesus' mission didn't reach the phase where Jesus was in control of a state, as was the case with Muhammad (pbuh).
And Allah knows best!
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Question: Name of Questioner: Aini Date: 30/Aug/2007
Does the House of Israel refer to the sacred Masjid Al Aqsa? Was Jesus the last prophet sent to the Children of Israel? Was it the Jews who followed Jesus's teachings, who were later called Christians? Who coined the terms "Christ" and "Christians"?
Answer : Name of Counselor: Shahul Hameed
What Is the House of Israel?
The "House of Israel" actually stands for the Children of Israel, not to any particular house in the sense of a building or erected structure. And obviously, it does not stand for Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa. The following verses in the Bible make it clear:
And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel. (Numbers 20:29)
There failed not ought of any good thing which the Lord had spoken unto the house of Israel; all came to pass. (Joshua 21:45)
So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet. (Samuel 26:15)
Israel is another name of Prophet Jacob (Ya`qub, peace be upon him), who was the second son of Isaac (Ishaq, peace be upon him). And Isaac was the second son of Abraham (Ibrahim, peace be upon him).
We read in the Old Testament Book of Genesis how Jacob was renamed "Israel":
And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. (Genesis 32:28)
As Jacob became Israel, his 12 children were called the Children of Israel. And later, all the descendants of Jacob came to be called Children of Israel. Eventually, the terms Israel, Children of Israel, as well as the House of Israel were all used interchangeably to refer to the whole Jewish people, who claimed to follow the teachings of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him).
The common expression used in the Quran to refer to the followers of Prophet Moses is Banu Isra'il, Arabic for "Children of Israel."
Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (Arabic for "the remote mosque") is another name for Bait Al-Maqdis (Arabic for "the sacred house"), built by Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him). Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was taken on his Night Journey from Al-Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem. In the Quran Allah says what means:
“Glory be to Him Who made His servant Muhammad to go on a night from the Sacred Mosque to the remote mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so that We may show to him some of Our signs; surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing” (Al-Israa' 17:1)
Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa was the first direction to which Muslims turned in prayers before the Ka`bah was declared to be the qiblah (the direction of prayer). In fact, Prophet Muhammad prayed in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa for 16 or 17 months before the Ka`bah became the qiblah (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
Was Jesus The Last Prophet?
Indeed Jesus was the last prophet sent to the Children of Israel; that is to say, after Jesus, no prophet came with an exclusive mission to a particular community or region. But, Muslims believe, Prophet Muhammad came about six centuries after Jesus, and Muhammad was the final prophet, and his mission was for the whole of humanity.
In the Quran, Allah Almighty refers to Jesus as a prophet specifically sent to the Children of Israel:
“And Allah will teach him (Jesus) the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel (48) and (appoint him) an apostle to the Children of Israel….” (Aal `Imran 3:48-49)
Though the Christians claim that Jesus's mission is intended for the whole of humanity, we see the above Quranic idea — of Prophet Muhammad being the last of all prophets — confirmed by the words of Jesus in the Gospel:
But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. (Matthew 15:24)
Christ, Christians, Christianity
Christ is the anglicized version of the Greek word christos, the equivalent of the Hebrew Moshiach (= Messiah, meaning "the Anointed One''). Christians believe Jesus of Nazareth to be the Moshiach expected by the Jews. Hence they call Jesus the Messiah or the Christ.
But the Jews reject this idea, saying that the Moshiach cannot be a "Son of God" or a "Savior" as believed by the Christians:
The word "moshiach" does not mean "savior." The notion of an innocent, divine or semi-divine being who will sacrifice himself to save us from the consequences of our own sins is a purely Christian concept that has no basis in Jewish thought. Unfortunately, this Christian concept has become so deeply ingrained in the English word "messiah" that this English word can no longer be used to refer to the Jewish concept… . The Moshiach will be a great political leader descended from King David (Jeremiah 23:5)…. But above all, he will be a human being, not a god, demi-god or other supernatural being. (Judaism 101, Moshiach)
The Quran calls Jesus, Al-Masih `Isa ibn Maryam (Christ Jesus son of Mary). So we Muslims believe Jesus to be the Messiah — Christ means the same as Messiah or Masih — thus disagreeing with the Jews.
At the same time, we do not accept the Christian idea of taking Jesus to be God, or the Son of God, or Savior. We believe that Jesus is a human prophet with his mission limited to the Children of Israel.
The name "Christians" was first used at Antioch by outsiders to refer to the followers of Saint Paul, as we can read in the New Testament of the Bible:
And the disciples were called Christians first at Antioch (Acts of the Apostles 11:26)
The Jews And The Origins Of Christianity
The religion followed by Jesus and his close followers had been looked upon as a sect of Judaism. The early believers of Jesus's teachings were Jews who lived among other Jews. They kept the Mosaic feasts, holy days, rituals, and ceremonies, and worshiped in the temple and in synagogues.
So their religion was not a new religion. But when Paul claimed to be the Apostle to the Gentiles appointed to serve the Gentiles and started preaching new creeds, something totally different happened.
Especially when Paul and his followers came to Antioch, people noted that these "believers" were a new sect whose beliefs centered on Christ as God, who died to save sinners.
The followers of Paul in Antioch were not Jews but Gentiles; they had no background in Judaism and no relationship to the Mosaic Law. They became followers of Christianity, as taught by Paul, and their pagan neighbors invented a new name to describe this strange group of people. They called them Christians (Don Fortner, The Disciples Were Called Christians).
That was how the word Christianity and its derivations, like Christian, came into existence. It was not Jesus who started this religion, but Paul, who was later inducted as the Apostle to the Gentiles and canonized as a saint by the Church.
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Question : Name of Questioner: Aini Date: 28/Dec/2006
Can you explain to me what we mean when we say Allah is "Transcendent and Immanent" in their Arabic terms? Also what does Trinity in Christianity mean?
Answer : Name of Counselor: Idris Tawfiq
If it were possible to explain the Christian doctrine of the Trinity to you in an answer as short as this one, I would be one of the most brilliant men ever to have lived! However, I am just a simple writer who tries to explain things to people in a simple way, and so I can't do such a thing.
Even theologians can get caught up in the details of such a complex topic. What we can try to do, though, is to take a very simple look at what Christians believe about God, without trying to explain that belief too deeply.
First of all, one misconception about Christian belief has to be got rid of. Christians do not believe in three gods, whom they call Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They believe in one God, but that one God is understood in a different way to the way Muslims believe in Allah (which is, after all, the Arabic name for this one God).
That is why, for example, Pope John Paul II, the leader of the world's Roman Catholics who died in 2005, and the Grand Mufti of Syria could pray together in the Great Mosque of Damascus. They were praying to the same God but had different ideas about what that God was like.
Muslims believe, of course, that Quran is the final revelation of Almighty Allah to mankind. All previous prophets, like David and Solomon, Moses and Jesus (peace be upon them all), revealed something of what Allah wanted mankind to know at that particular time in history. Moses, for example, was given a message for the Children of Israel, and Jesus was given a message for them a later stage in history.
Prophet Muhammad, however, (peace be upon him) was given the fullness of revelation. He brought mankind a message of what Allah was like and how He wanted people to behave in this world.
This description of Almighty Allah that we find in the Glorious Qur'an is the fullest explanation we can find anywhere of what He is like, and it includes some of the things that Jews and Christians had believed before.
For example, each of the three faiths believes, as you say, that God is both immanent and transcendent. This means that Almighty Allah is both great and beyond the imagining of His creatures, as well as being so close to them that He knows about every leaf falling from every tree.
The Qur'an uses many beautiful names to speak about Allah, and each of these names gives us some insight into what He is like, what His attributes are; but there is a further name for Allah that He reserves for Himself alone to know. In other words, whenever we come close to thinking that we know how to describe Allah, we can be sure that He is not like that. He is beyond the imagining of humans.
Our human minds cannot comprehend His greatness. Allahu Akbar! God is the Greatest and beyond our comprehension. The names of Allah give us poor creatures a way of understanding Him better. However, if we were to spend the rest of our lives studying what Allah is like, our studies would never be exhausted. We would never understand Him fully.
So great is Allah, however, that even though He is beyond the understanding of our simple minds, He cares for everything we do and listens to every prayer we speak. Although we cannot understand Him, He understands each one of us better than we know ourselves. He notices every good deed we perform and sees the bad actions we commit. He is All-Knowing, but also All-Merciful.
This, then, is the meaning of Allah being transcendent, or far away from what our minds can understand, and immanent, or closer to us than the air we breathe.
It was to such a God that both Pope John Paul II and the Grand Mufti of Syria could pray. These are the things that Christians, Jews, and Muslims can broadly agree upon. However, there were ideas about God that they did not share. The Christian belief about God that Muslims reject, and it is called “Trinity”.
To put it ever so simply, this is what Christians believe, and these words intend no disrespect to the belief of Christians. God is One, but He manifests Himself to the world in three ways, which are three parts of the same God. They are distinct parts, but nevertheless parts of the same thing. To call these three parts "persons" makes us immediately think about people and we start to get confused. The problem is that the doctrine itself is quite confusing and the Church has got itself into a bit of a fix by trying to use human language to talk about something that words cannot describe.
The first "person" in this Trinity of persons is the One whom Christians call "Father" and the one who most corresponds to what Muslims call Allah. This is the Creator of all things, who is transcendent and immanent, all-seeing and all-powerful. If it stopped there, there would be no problem. However, it doesn't. Christians believe that this "Father" sent a "Son" into the world. For Muslims, this is immediate blasphemy, since God has no partners or sons.
The doctrine goes back to the idea of Adam and Eve being expelled from Paradise. According to the Noble Qur'an, Adam and Eve sinned but they repented and were forgiven. According to the Christian tradition, they were not forgiven and their sin was inherited by all succeeding generations of human beings. No human could do anything to atone for the sin that had been committed. It would take a superhuman to make up for the wrong that Adam and Eve had done.
The Qur'an is perfectly clear that Jesus (peace be upon him) did not die on the cross, but according to Christian tradition, he did die and, since he was God's Son, he made up for the wrong that Adam and Eve had done. He was human but he was also God, a part of God.
It would take many pages to try and explain why Christians came to believe that this Jesus was God, but to put it simply, they did so both out of an exaggerated love and respect for the person of Jesus and because of the heavy influence of Saint Paul, who began to write that Jesus was divine. The Christian Gospels themselves only suggest that Jesus is God if we look back with hindsight, through the eyes of Saint Paul and later Church Councils.
The third part of this God which is made of three parts but remains one is called the "Holy Spirit." This is even more difficult to explain than the others. The Holy Spirit is like a physical embodiment of the love between the Father and the Son. He, according to this doctrine, is like the power of God put into a physical form.
Now what Allah says about “Trinity” and “Son of God”.
“O People of the Book (Christians)! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word (“Be!), which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit created from Him: so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.” (An-Nisaa’ 4:171)
Without intending any disrespect to those who believe these things, the doctrine of the Trinity is impossible to explain and most Christians would find it impossible to explain or even to understand what it really means.
In trying to explain what God is like, the Christian Churches have created complex ideas that lead to even more complex explanations. Unfortunately, these doctrines cannot be understood by the majority of people and have to be explained to them by professionals who know more about the religion than they do.
Islam, on the other hand, is much more simple. Muslims worship Allah, Who is both great and close to them. They do not rely on intermediaries between Allah and mankind, since all men and women can pray directly to Him without the need of popes or priests or ministers.
Muslims have great respect for what others believe. They believe that Islam is the natural religion of mankind, and, while other religions have some understanding of the truth, the fullness of truth was revealed to Prophet Muhammad and he was asked to deliver this to mankind.
Your question was short and simple but, as you can see, the answer is very complicated. I hope that it was of some help. Please keep in touch.
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
Name of Questioner: Nurha – Singapore Date : 17/Oct/2006
I am currently studying about world religions in school and I am intrigued by the similarities between Islam, Christianity and Judaism. I am obvious to the differences between these three religions as well. My question is: we claimed that the Bible and the Torah that the Jews and Christians are using now, are no longer authentic.. is the real Injeel and Torah still available? Hidden somewhere by the authorities of these religions perhaps?
It was stated somewhere in the Internet that two non-Muslims scientists were banned from giving public speeches since they held Islam and the Qur'an in high regard. The author of the website was condemning Islam and stating that despite holding Islam in high regard, these two scientists never actually converted to Islam.
What do you have to say about this? Since Jews used to be "under" Prophet Musa (peace be upon him), why is it that their God is called by the name Yahweh? Am I right to say that their religion at that time was not known as Islam?
In Islam, we believe in leaving things to fate (to Allah) So is it right to say that someone made a mistake because Allah wanted him to do such a thing?
Hope to get an answer from you and I would appreciate if you can tell me more differences of the three religions because I fear I might get the wrong information from surfing the wrong websites. Shukran and may Allah bless you always.
Answer : Name of Counselor: Idris Tawfiq
Thank you for your question and for visiting Islamonline. Your question is very important. Understanding the beliefs of others is essential, not only for our own growth in knowledge, but also for speaking to others about Islam. We cannot really talk to Christians and Jews about Islam if we are unsure what they themselves believe, since the similarities and the differences between the three religions are very important.
Real da`wah (telling others about Islam) needs a lot of preparation. We need to know who we are talking to. Similarly, any dialogue between religions requires knowledge about the one we are talking to. Since all Muslims are called to be the best they can be, study is very important if we are to become the people that Allah wants us to be.
Muslims believe that Allah has been revealing Himself to mankind since the beginning of time. This revelation began with Prophet Adam (peace be upon him), the first man, and continued throughout history until the time of Muhammad (peace be upon him), the last of the Prophets and Allah's seal on all that had been revealed.
Up until the time of Muhammad (peace be upon him), different prophets had revealed part of Allah's plan. This was given to different people and was meant for them and for their time. The revelation to Moses, then, was for the Children of Israel of his day. The revelation to Jesus was also to a people in their own time. The message to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), as revealed in the ever-glorious Qur'an, was meant for all people in every age, and for all time.
Muslims take great pride in knowing that the Qur'an is totally unaltered since it was first revealed. The Qur'an that we read today is exactly the same as the Qur'an revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him). In proof of this, different copies of the Qur'an from different centuries and from different parts of the world, all show to be exactly the same. Nothing in them is different. This is most important, since Muslims believe the Qur'an to be the exact words of Almighty Allah as first revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him).
As for the revelation to other Prophets, we do not have a complete record. Muslims believe that a book was revealed to Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him), but nothing of this book remains today. Muslims also believe that the message revealed to the Jews and the message revealed to Jesus (peace be upon him) is no longer to be found in its original form.
It is not the belief of Muslims that the unaltered originals of these books exist somewhere in the world today. The exact revelation to Moses and Jesus (peace be upon them both) has been lost. What we have today, in the form of the Old Testament and the New Testament was created by men and has gone through significant alteration and translation over the centuries.
Let us take the Christian Gospels, for example, and in doing this we intend no slight on what Christians believe. There were many written versions of the Gospel. "Gospel" means "Good News". A Gospel is not meant to be a biography of Jesus. If it was supposed to be biography, we would see that different Gospels say different things which often contradict each other. No, the Gospels say things about Jesus and who he was.
Of the many Gospels written, the Christian Church has chosen four for its scriptures. Even Biblical scholars would not suggest that the words attributed to Jesus in these Gospels are necessarily the words that Jesus spoke. In a sense, the Gospel writers put these words into Jesus' mouth to highlight different parts of his teaching, for example about love or about peace.
I must repeat that in saying this, no criticism is implied of Christianity. No one is suggesting that the Gospel writers maliciously altered the words revealed to Jesus. On the contrary, out of an exaggerated love for him they attributed things to him which they believed to be true. In doing so, though, the original words of Jesus and the original message revealed to him, were lost. They no longer exist today. We can no longer say with certainty that Jesus said this or that or that he (peace be upon him) did this or that.
The result of these changes, then is that the basis of what the Jews and the Christians believe has become distorted over time and is the creation of men, rather than the revelation of Almighty Allah. Adam, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon and Jesus (peace be upon them all) were all prophets of Allah.
The message that was revealed to the Jews, though, has been altered through translation and re-printing and re-telling. The Jews came to believe that a Messiah would restore their Kingdom and that they, alone, are the Chosen People of God.
"Yahweh," by the way, is simply the Hebrew word for God. "Allah" is the Arabic word, used by all Arabs, whether they are Christian or Muslim. Christians, out of an exaggerated love for Jesus, began to see him as more than human, God's Son, who came to redeem the world from the effects of Adam's sin.
It would take many pages to explain this properly, but this summary tries to explain why Christians, Muslims and Jews differ to this day, even though they were all a part of the original revelation. The Jews believe that God's revelation ended with the Old Testament and they now await the coming of a Messiah. Christians believe God's revelation to have ended in the person of Jesus, who was that Messiah. Neither of these religions, then, accept that Islam adds anything to what God had wanted to say.
Muslims, of course, believe that the message revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a continuation of what had been revealed to both Christians and Jews, and was the completion of it. This is why Muslims honor all previous prophets, but also why the Jews and the Christians do not honor Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a Prophet.
About this situation Allah says:
“O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) explaining to you much of that which you used to hide from the Scripture and passing over (i.e. leaving out without explaining) much. Indeed, there has come to you from Allâh a light (Prophet Muhammad) and a plain Book (Qur'ân) (Al-Maeda 5:15)
In terms of similarities, the three religions have much in common. Much of the moral code in all three is shared. All three believe in one God, although the Christian understanding of this is complicated by the idea of the Trinity.
For Muslims, then, Christians and Jews are people of the Book, since Allah spoke to both of them through his prophets and messengers. As Muslims we hold both Judaism and Christianity in high regard, since both grow out of the revelation of Almighty Allah.
However, as Muslims, we believe that Islam (an Arabic word coming from a root word which means both "submission" and "peace") is the fullness of Allah's message for mankind. Muslims believe that Islam has existed since the beginning of time and that it is the natural religion of mankind.
Islam is the world's religion of peace, in which men and women find their total fulfillment and happiness in submitting to the will of Allah, who knows and controls all things.
Brother Mohsen Haredy, a member of the Ask About Islam team, would like to add the following concerning your last question:
Muslims believe that nothing in this universe occurs without Allah's ultimate knowledge. Allah has given human beings a free will to choose to do good or bad deeds. Allah never compels us to do bad things. If someone chooses to practice evil, he should not blame fate for this, because Allah granted him the power to choose between good and bad.
Whatever a human being does and whatever choices he or she makes cannot be excused by referring to predestination, but whatever is beyond one's will and control may be attributed to predestination.
We hope that this answer to your question has not confused you even more! It is a very complicated subject and would take many pages to explain in full, but we hope that it at least begins to answer what you ask.Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/
May I refer to verse 85 of the third surah, which states that anyone who wishes to follow any religion other than Islam will not have it accepted and that he will be a loser in the hereafter. Nevertheless, it is stated in several surahs that those who believe and do good deeds will be highly rewarded by Allah whether they are believers, Jews, Christians, Sabians, etc. It appears that the first verse limits salvation to Muslims only while the others ensure salvation for anyone who fulfills certain criteria.
Why does the Quran place the Sabians on the same level with Jews and Christians when scholars have clearly proven that the Sabians were involved in the moon cult?
The term "Islam" is used in the Qur'an most of the time to indicate the religion preached by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as he conveyed the message Allah entrusted him. In this sense, Islam means the declaration by a person that he believes there is no deity save Allah and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was His last messenger to mankind. He commits himself to the fulfillment of his duties as outlined by this message and taught by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The other sense is the more general one which indicates "submission or self-surrender to Allah."
This is indeed the essence of all divine messages preached by all prophets and messengers, ever since Adam and continuing with the line of Prophet-hood until Muhammad (peace be upon him), the last Prophet and messenger.
In reference to Prophet Abraham, the Qur'an says: "His Lord said to him: Submit: I submit myself to Allah, the Lord of all worlds."
The Arabic equivalent to the word submit in this Qur'anic verse is the verb "aslama" from which the term "Islam" is derived. We are told in the Qur'an that it was Prophet Abraham who named the believers "Muslims", meaning "those who submit to Allah."
The two senses of the word are closely related since this religion of Islam has the principle of total submission to Allah as its cornerstone. When a person betrays any doubt about submitting totally to Allah, he is considered not to be a Muslim, because he does not fulfill the most basic criterion of Islam. There is more than one reference in the Qur'an to the type of religion which is acceptable to Allah. In all these references, the term Islam occurs.
One clear example is found in verse 19 of surah 3, entitled: "The House of Imran" where Allah says: "Indeed, the only true religion in the sight of Allah is Islam."
Many scholars are of the opinion that this verse and similar verses refer to Islam in its final form taught by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as he conveyed his message. Equally numerous are the scholars who take such verses as referring to Islam in its general sense, namely, self-surrender or total submission to Allah. To them, the aforementioned verse should be translated into English as: "....Indeed the only true religion in the sight of Allah is (man's) self-surrender to Him...."
The two views are not contradictory since the final version of the divine religion, i.e. Islam, emphasizes the principal verses in their general sense of the term Islam, we give them a broader scope as to include the followers of earlier prophets who responded to divine messages and submitted themselves to Allah.
As it is well known, all prophets preached essentially the same message, calling on their nations to surrender themselves to Allah. The foregoing applies to verse 85 of surah 3, to which you have referred. If we translate in the stricter sense, we may say that it means: "If anyone seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, etc."
I personally tend to prefer this latter rendering. It must be clear to us, however, that since Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has conveyed to mankind the religion of Islam as the last and complete version of divine faith, this is the only acceptable form of self-surrender to Allah. The other verses which you have referred to speak of different communities who shall have nothing to fear in the life to come.
Let us take one example from verse 62 of surah 2 which may be translated as follows: "The believers, as well as those who follow the Jewish faith and Christians and Sabians - - all who believe in Allah and the last day and do righteous deeds - - shall have their reward with their Lord; and no fear need they have and neither shall they grieve." (Al-Baqarah 2:62)
These verse, however, does not place the Sabians on the same level as the Jews and Christians except in a particular context. The verse speaks of four distinct communities, and offers all four the opportunity to fear not nor grieve if only they would believe in "Allah" and the Last Day and do right. The four communities are:
1. The Believers (i.e., the Muslims)
2. The Jews
3. The Christians
4. The Sabians
While they are all offered the same opportunity for improvement, nothing is said in this verse about the validity of the existing faiths of these four communities. Otherwise the Jews and Christians who are criticized in the Quran for their deviations will not be placed on the same level with the believers. The matter becomes clear when you realize that believers here does not mean saved persons but those who ostensibly belong to the community of Muslims. They, as well as the other three groups, must do the following to be saved:
1. Believe in "Allah",
2. Believe in the Last Day,
3. And do right. Doing right, according to the Quran, includes following every teaching of Muhammad.
I am trying to determine if there is anything in the Quran similar to the Ten Commandments in the Old Testament, particularly the line "thou shalt not kill."
Answer: Praise be to Allah.
There are in the Qur’an certain aayaat (verses) which some scholars call the verses of the Ten Commandments, because they include ten important commandments given by Allah to mankind. These aayaat are to be found in two passages of the Qur’an.
The first is in Soorat al-An’aam, where Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say: ‘Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to al-fawaahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.), whether committed openly or secretly; and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand. (151) And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e., judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfil the Covenant of Allah. This He commands you, that you may remember. (152) And, verily, this (i.e., Allah’s commandments mentioned in the above two verses) is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [Al-An’aam 6:151-153]
The second passage occurs in Soorat al-Israa’, and may be considered as a commentary on the passage quoted above. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one or them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them, but address them in terms of honour. (23) And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: ‘My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.’ (24) Your Lord knows best what is in your inner-selves. If you are righteous, then, verily, He is ever Most-Forgiving to those who turn unto Him again and again in obedience, and in repentance. (25) And give to the kindred his due and to the poor and to the wayfarer. But spend not wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. [Al-Israa’ 17:23-26]
Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the shayaateen (devils), and the Shaytaan (Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (27)And if you turn away from them (kindred, poor, wayfarers, etc. whom We have ordered you to give their rights, but if you have no money at the time they ask you for it) and you are awaiting a mercy from your Lord for which you hope, then, speak unto them a soft kind word (i.e., Allah will give to me and I will give to you). (28) And let not your hand be tied (like a miser) to your neck, not stretch it forth to its utmost reach (like a spendthrift), so that you become blameworthy and in severe poverty. [Al-Israa’ 17:27-29]
Truly, your Lord enlarges the provision for whom He wills and straitens (for whom He wills). Verily, He is Ever All-Knower, All-Seer of His slaves. (30) And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely the killing of them is a great sin. (31) And come not near to unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a faahishah [i.e., anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah forgives him). [Al-Israa’ 17:30-32]
And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause. And whoever is killed (intentionally with hostility and aggression and not by mistake), We have given his heir the authority [to demand qisaas – Law of Equality in punishment – or to forgive, or to take Diya (blood money)]. But let him not exceed limits in the matter of taking life (i.e., he should not kill except the killer only). Verily, he is helped (by the Islamic law). (33) And come not near to the orphan’s property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength. And fulfil (every) covenant. Verily! The covenant will be questioned about. [Al-Israa’ 17:33-34]
And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is good (advantageous) and better in the end. (35) And follow not (O man, i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned by Allah. (36) And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like that of the mountains in height. [Al-Israa’ 17:35-37]
All the bad aspects of these (the above mentioned things) are hateful to your Lord. (38) This is part of al-hikmah (wisdom, good manners and high character, etc.) which your Lord has inspired to you (O Muhammad). And set not up with Allah any other ilaah (god) lest you should be thrown into Hell, blameworthy and rejected (from Allah’s mercy).” [Al-Israa’ 17:38-39]