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Prophet MOHAMMAD PERSONALITY.

 

1)                Prophet MOHAMMAD PERSONALITY

 

2)                Prophet's MIRACLES

 

3)               WAS PROPHET HEART CLEANSED?

 

4)               was prophet Mohammad knew unseen?

 

5)                was prophet affected by poison?

 

6)               WAS PROPHET MOHAMMAD (PBUH) ILLETRATE?

 

7)               SENDING SALAM ON PROPHET

 

8)               LAST WORDS OF THE PROPHET

 

9            INSULTING PROPHET (PBUH)

 

10)            RULING ON WRITING (S) OR (SAWS) ETC

 

11)            REPRINTING THE OFFENSIVE CARTOON IN DENMARK

 

12)            PROPHET'S LIFE & CHARACTER

 

13)            PROPHET  IN DREAMS

 

14)             WHY DID THE PROPHET HAVE ELEVEN WIVES

 

15)            MARRIAGE OF PROPHET WITH 6 YEARS AGE GIRL

 

16)            Prophet : Mohammad (PBUH) janaza

 

17)           PROPHETS: ARE THEY SINLESS?

 

18)            FUNERAL OF PROPHET (PBUH)

 

19)            Prophet's hair and its reverence

 

20)            WAS PROPHET CIRCUMCISED

 

21)            IS KABA BETTER THAN PROPHET'S GRAVE

 

22)            IS PROPHET MUHAMMAD THE BEST OF CREATION?

 

23)            PROPHET MOHAMMAD (PBUH) EXTRA FAVOUR FROM ALLAH

 

24)            IS JESUS SUPERIOR TO MUHAMMAD?

 

25)            HOW TO FOLLOW PROPHET MOHAMMAD?

 

26)            WHY WAS PROPHET MUHAMMAD (pBUH) WAS NOT HAVING SONS

 

27)            FAMILY TREE OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD

 

28)            MIRACLES OF MUHAMMAD (BY YOUSEF ASSETS)

 

 

 

 

TOP

1. PROPHET MOHAMMAD PERSONALITY

Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) was born in Makkah in the year 570, at a time when Christianity was not yet fully established in Europe. Since his father died before his birth, and his mother shortly afterwards, he was raised by his uncle from the respected tribe of Quraysh. As he grew up, he became known for his truthfulness, generosity and sincerity, so that he was sought after for his ability to arbitrate in disputes. The historians describe him as calm and meditative.

Muhammad was of a deeply religious nature, and it became his habit to meditate from time to time in the Cave of Hira near the summit of Jabal al-Nur, the 'Mountain of Light' near Makkah. At the age of 40, while engaged in a meditative retreat, Muhammad received his first revelation from God through the Angel Gabriel. This revelation, which continued for twenty-three years, is known as the Quran.

The Prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is the one who will attain Al-Maqam Al-Mahmud (the Praised Position in the Hereafter) in Paradise, which will be given to one person only, and that person will be our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

He was not only prophet of God, but aside from that, he was one of the best leader in the “Top in List of 100 Most Noble and influential and successful person of history”. In recent times, a book has been published in America  titled "The 100," or the Top One hundred, or the Greatest Hundred in History.  A certain Michael H. Hart, described as a historian, mathematician and astronomer has written this novel book.  He has searched history, seeking for men who had the greatest influence on mankind.  In this book he gives us The hundred most influential men, including Ashoka, Aristotle, Buddha, Confucius, Hitler, Plato, and Zoroaster.  He does not give us a mere chart of the topmost "One Hundred" from the point of view of their influence on people, but he evaluates the degree of their influence and rates them in order of their excellence from No. 1, through to No. 100.  He gives us his reasons for the placing of his candidates.  We are not asked to agree with him, but we cannot help admire the man's research and honesty.

The most amazing thing about his selection is that he has put our  Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as No. 1, the first of his "100!" Thus confirming, unknowingly, God's Own testimony in His Final Revelation to the World:

Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) has been favoured by God to all mankind as a blessing from Him.

“Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves  (Aale ‘Imraan 3:164)

“That we have sent not thee (O Muhammad) but as a mercy to the whole of humankind, as a mercy to all the world”  (Al-Ambiya 21:107)  

“Say, (O Muhammad, to mankind): If ye love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful” (Aale ‘Imraan 3:31)

“Say, "O mankind, I am the Messenger of God to you all .…" (Al-Araf 7:158)

Now it is binding on all humans to accept him as God’s messenger and obey him, as that will lead humans to HEAVEN.

“He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad), obeys Allah: But if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds)”  (An-Nisa 4:80)

“And We have not sent you (O Muhammad SAW) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind, but most of men know not”  (Saba 34:28)

The status of  Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is so unique in prophets that Allah Himself says about him as follows.

“Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet (Muhammad) O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all respect”  (Al-Ahzab 33:56)

“Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) Allah has cursed them in this World and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating Punishment”  (Al-Ahzab 33:57)

However Christians and Jews at the time of his presence in this world did not accept him, instead they treat him as liar, and that is true even today, for them Allah says:

“A party of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish to lead you (O Muhammad) astray. But they shall not lead astray anyone except themselves, and they perceive not.“ (Aale ‘Imraan 3:69)

Before prophethood at the age of 40, he was the most noble character and trustworthy citizen of Makkah. Let us put some lights on Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) character before and after prophethood.

Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) Character and Life

The Prophet (pbuh) used to say that he was sent as a Prophet to the world to present an ideal of good deeds and lofty character.

Someone asked Aishah (his beloved wife, may Allah be pleased with her) about the Prophet's manners. She said that his manners were the manners prescribed by the Quran. She later clarified that a tree is recognized by the taste of its fruits. Similarly a man is known by his manners and knowledge. From the Qur'an you can know about the nature and manners of the Prophet (pbuh). He is gentle in manners and talks. His voice is never shrill. Evils done to him are not retaliated. He is busy in modifying and elevating the lives of the people and leveling the path of religion. He has a task to preach and establish the Oneness of Allah. His teachings impart insight and develop understanding, and the ignorant is made aware of the realities of life and the world. He is adorned with all the qualities and good manners. He is a man of good deeds and virtues. His conscience is pure and clean and symbolic of piety. His words are replete with wisdom. Truthfulness and friendliness are his nature. He is forgiving and obliging. Justice is his hallmark. Truthfulness is his religion and guidance is his leader.

Now let us analyze some of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) attributes towards society.

Respect and Courtesy

1.    He never stretched his legs while sitting among people.

2.    He did not allow people to stand paying respects.

3.    Whenever a person held his hands, he never tried to remove them.

4.    He never interrupted anybody during talks.

5.    While riding, he did not allow anyone to follow him on foot. He either gave him a lift or asked him to return.

Generosity and Munificence

He never turned anyone away empty-handed from his house and always gave preference to the needy over his own needs. He was so merciful that not only people living under and around him call him as most humble and merciful, but Allah also certified it in Quran:

“That we have sent not thee (O Muhammad) but as a mercy to the whole of humankind, as a mercy to all the world” (Al-Ambiya 21:107)

If he had nothing to give, he apologized the needy persons.

Social Care & Justice

1)  Before prophethood, in rebuilding the Sacred House of the Ka'ba in A.D. 605, the question arose as to who should have the honor of raising the black stone, the most holy relic of that House, into its proper place. Each tribe claimed that honor. The senior citizen advised the disputants to accept for their arbitrator the first man to enter from a certain gate. The proposal was agreed upon, and the first man who entered the gate was Muhammad "Al-Ameen." His advice satisfied all the contending parties. He ordered the stone to be placed on a piece of cloth and each tribe to share the honor of lifting it up by taking hold of a part of the cloth. The stone was thus deposited in its place, and the rebuilding of the House was completed without further interruption.

2)  A Makkan woman named Fatimah committed a theft. When people brought the recommendation of Usamah bin Zaid who was dear to the Prophet (pbuh). He told them that no recommendation was valid for Divine punishments. He further said that his daughter Fatimah would have the same punishment if she had committed this guilt.

Truthfulness and Trust

He was so much trustworthy and honest that people used to keep with him their security, belongings and assets. He remained with them until the age of 40, when he got the prophethood. During all this time, history does not give any evidence of being violent or quarreling. His moral character is described as:

Historical records show that Mohammad has been admitted by friend and foe as Al Amin, or the faithful, acknowledged the sterling qualities, the spotless honesty, the noble virtues, the absolute sincerity and every trustworthiness of the apostle of Islam in all walks of life and in every sphere of human activity. Even the Jews and those who did not believe in his message, adopted him as the arbiter in their personal disputes by virtue of his perfect impartiality. Even those who did not believe in his message were forced to say "O Mohammad, we do not call you a liar, but we deny him who has given you a book and inspired you with a message."

One day Abu Jahl (staunch enemy of Islam) said to the Prophet (pbuh): "I don't think that you are a liar but I do not get interested in your religion."

The night the Prophet (pbuh) left his house for Al-Madinah, the enemies had made all arrangements for his assassination. But he allowed his dear cousin 'Ali to stay that night and come after paying off all the deposits kept with him as a trustee.

Prohibiting Killing without justification

Prophet never killed by himself or ordered to kill for himself. He only ordered such killing or fighting when somebody was going against the commands of God. He was instructed in Quran :

“…. and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand”  (Al-Annam 6:151)

 “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, …. (Al-Furqan 25:68)

And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause…. ”  (Al-Isra’ 17:33) 

Prophet himself telling that, one of major sins is killing innocent peoples. Hadith says: "Avoid the seven noxious things: associating anything with Allah, magic, killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just cause, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring riba (interest), turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet" (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Devotion

1.  The Prophet (pbuh) prayed that he should remain hungry one day and fed the other day so that he could pray with all his might in the state of hunger and express his thanks to Allah when satisfied.

2.  Aishah says that the members of the Prophet's family lived on dates and water for a month or two and the hearth remained cold during the period.

3.  Aishah says that the bed of the Prophet (pbuh) at her house was filled with leafy stalks of palms.

4.  Hafsah says that in her house the Prophet's bed was made of sack cloth. It was folded twice and spread out. Once it was made fourfold. Upon this the Prophet (pbuh) forbade her to do so as it became soft.

5.  Ibn 'Auf says that during his life the Prophet (pbuh) did not eat to his satisfaction even loaves of bread made of barley flour.

6.  In the last night the Prophet (pbuh) passed in this world, oil was procured on credit from a neighbor for the lamp.

Worries about people not accepting Islam

He was too much worried that when truth has come to people then why people are not coming to Islam. He was so much about this that Allah has to console him about this.

“It may be that you (O Muhammad SAW) are going to kill yourself with grief, that they do not become believers (3) If We will, We could send down to them from the heaven a sign, to which they would bend their necks in humility”  (Ash-Shura 26:3-4)

Prayers

1.  He stood in voluntary prayers so long that his legs swelled. His Companions wondered why the Prophet (pbuh) should suffer such troubles as he was innocent and pure. Upon this he said that why he should not offer his thanks to Allah for His mercy and kindness.

2.  He would lay in prostration for such a long time that he was taken to be dead by the people close to him.

3.  During supplications his chest surged and swirled like a cauldron.

4.  Having read the verses of blessings he sought benediction, and after reading the verses of affliction he trembled.

5.  He fasted regularly for several days but forbade others to observe those fasts.

Compassion and Forgiving

By the time he was twenty-five, Muhammad had become well known in the city for the integrity of his disposition and the honesty of his character. By the age of 40, Prophet Muhammad had a perfectly balanced personality. He was patient, truthful, and magnanimous. He presented the highest example of human nobility. He disciplined himself by staying aloof from quarrels and quibbles. He never engaged in foul utterances or abuse. Even before prophethood, he was called as-sadiq al-amin (the truthful and trustworthy). His status of nobility qualifies him following  mediation.

1. Hamzah bin 'Abdul-Muttalib (, the dear uncle of the Prophet (pbuh), was treacherously slain by Wahshi, a slave of Abu Sufyan's wife, Hindah. He mutilated his nose and ears. The liver of the martyred Hamzah was carved out and chewed on the battlefield. Despite this Prophet (pbuh) forgave him when he asked for it.

2. Habbar struck Zainab, the eldest daughter of the Prophet (pbuh), with a spear and she fell from the camel-litter and aborted and she died from it. The Prophet pardoned him when he asked for it.

3. Once the Prophet (pbuh) was sleeping under a tree and his sword was hanging on the branch of a tree. His enemy came and took the sword and impertinently awakened the Prophet (pbuh) and asked him who would save him. The Prophet (pbuh) instantly replied that Allah would take care of him. He became unconscious and fell down and his sword dropped from his hand. The Prophet (pbuh) picked up the sword and asked him who could save him. Then he was astounded. He then asked the man to go as revenge he never cherished.

General Behavior

At the age of 40, he became prophet, not by himself but chosen by Allah. After nomination as Allah’s prophet, he became more polite, merciful and God fearing. Allah says about him clearly:

“O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner”  (Al-Ahzab 33:45)

He was not only himself at the highest of moral character but advocates for that. See what he says about the importance of moral character.

“The most perfect believer in faith is the one who is best in moral character. The best of you are those who are the best to their spouses in manners.”  (Al-Tirmidhi 1082)

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) although a prophet lived among others as an equal. No bitter criticism or provocation would make him lose his composure, and no praise could make him vain. He lived in such taqwa (piety and fear of Allah) that he was always an example of modesty and leniency.

“And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character”  (Al-Qalm 68: 4)

He used to spoke little, but all purposeful.

“Your companion (Muhammad) is not astray, nor perverted. (2) Nor does he (Mohammad) speak of (his own) desire. (3) It is only an Inspiration that is inspired”  (An-Najm 53:2 - 4)

Some of his other qualities were as follows.

1.    The Prophet (pbuh) used to meet all cheerfully.

2.    He brought up orphans and helped widows.

3.    He loved the poor and deserving persons and used to sit with them.

4.    He could sit on the bare ground without making any distinction for his self.

5.    He used to care for the slaves and attendants in their ailments.

6.    If a Muslim died in debt, his loan was paid from the treasury and then he was buried

7.    If a sincere person breathed his last, he participated in the funeral rites.

"The Prophet was not one who would abuse (others) or say obscene words, or curse (others)..." (Bukhari)

He walked in a way that suggested his reverence of and humbleness before Almighty Allah. Criticism never angered him. He never revenged for himself. He would assert that he is Allah's servant and would act as befits a servant of Allah.

A desert Arab came and began to pass water in the mosque. The companions of Allah's Messenger said, "Stop! Stop!" but Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "Don't interrupt him; leave him alone." They left him alone, and when he had finished, Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) called him and said to him, "These mosques are not suitable places for urine and filth, but are only for remembrance of Allah, prayer and recitation of the Qur'an,"

Following hadith gives his character of forgiving, which can never be seen with anyone.

Anas ibn Malik was under his service for 10 years and he says:  "I served the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) at Madinah for ten years. I was a boy. Every work that I did was not according to the desire of my master, but he never said to me: Fie!, nor did he say to me: Why did you do this? or Why did you not do this?" (Narrated by Abu-Dawood)

Even when the prophet was in a position of power, he chose the path of kindness and reconciliation.

When he returned to Mecca after years of exile and personal attacks, he did not take revenge on the people of the city, but instead offered a general amnesty.

Living Poor & Love For The Poor

He lived a very simple life and always in poverty (although having access to large amount), simple wearing and eating (mostly eating only one time a day). Living in a very small room house with no comfortable items in it.

After the fall of Mecca, more than one million square miles of land lay at his feet, Lord of Arabia, still he mended his own shoes and coarse woolen garments, milked the goats, swept the hearth, kindled the fire and attended the other menial offices of the family.

His love for the poor was so deep that he used to pray: "O Allah, keep me poor in my life and at my death and raise me at resurrection among those who are poor." (Nasai)

“He used to visit the poorest of ailing persons and exhorted all Muslims to do likewise” (Sahih Bukhari)

Prophets Leftover

On the very day of his death his only assets were few coins a part of which went to satisfy a debt and rest was given to a needy person who came to his house for charity. The clothes in which he breathed his last had many patches. The house from where light had spread to the world was in darkness because there was no oil in the lamp. He could have gathered assets and money, which no one at that time could have, but he was having nothing. Zakat is a mandatory for every Muslim, who has got a specified amount, gold or silver (for a period of one year), but he was never able to give as he was never having that amount.

All his life he tried to give message of Allah, and sometimes he was worried that why all people does not come in Islam. To console him, Allah says:

“Can you (O Muhammad SAW) make the deaf to hear, or can you guide the blind or him who is in manifest error?”  (Az-Zukhruf 43: 40)

“Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) Allah has cursed them in this World and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating Punishment”  (Al-Ahzab 33:57)

In his fatal illness, the Prophet (pbuh) proclaimed in a concourse assembled at his house that if he owed anything to anyone the person concerned could claim it; if he had ever hurt anyone's person, honor or property, he could have his price while he was yet in this world. A hush fell on the crowd. One man came forward to claim a few dirhams which were paid at once. (Ibn Hisham)

Intercession Of Prophet

Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) will be the one who will intercede on behalf of all humans, but specially for Muslims. Intercession means mediating for someone else to gain some benefit or ward off some harm. It is of two types: 

·    Intercession that will take place in the Hereafter, on the Day of Judgment. There is no dispute in this regard in whole Ummah that our prophet will intercede for us entering to heaven. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) himself said :  “I will be the first one to intercede concerning Paradise.”  Muslim

  • Intercession concerning matters of this world in present life from prophet when he is in his grave. 

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not let his ummah ask him to intercede for them in this world, and that was not narrated from any one of his Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them). If that had been a good thing, he would have conveyed it to his ummah and called them to do it, and his companions who were always keen to do good, would have hastened to do it. So it is not recommended that we should ask his intercession in our present affairs, as it was never asked by sahaabah after his death, even he had recently passed.

Advice to Muslims

Nowadays Western media is insulting Allah’s prophet, but we Muslim should show patience and have faith on Allah. We should use peaceful means of protests, diplomatic dialogue, and boycott of their items. Those who are insulting prophet, will be brought to account by Allah, may be in this world otherwise surely on the Day of Judgment.  We should remember what Allah says:

Repel evil with that which is best: We are well acquainted with the things they say”  (Al-Muemanoon 23:96) 

Prophet said: "You do not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you deal with them with forgiveness and kindness." (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

In the Quran, Allah states: "When (the righteous) hear vain talk, they withdraw from it saying: 'Our deeds are for us and yours for you; peace be on to you. We do not desire the way of the ignorant' (55)‘O Prophet (Muhammad), you cannot give guidance to whom you wish, it is God Who gives guidance to whom He pleases, and He is quite aware of those who are guided." (Al-Qasas 28:55 - 56)

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2. PROPHET'S MIRACLES

Question:                                                                                                               

What are miracles done by prophet Mohammad (PBUH)?

Answer:                                                                                                                  

As for the Prophet's miracles, it is to be stated that a number of miracles were bestowed upon and performed by the Prophet Muhammad to establish the proof of his prophethood. Those miracles are granted by the power and permission of Allah and are usually in the field in which his people excel and are recognized as superiors. For example, Moses' contemporaries were excellent in magic. So his major miracle was to defeat the best magicians of Egypt of his days. Jesus' contemporaries were recognized as skillful physicians. Therefore, his miracles were to raise the dead and cure the incurable diseases. The Arabs, the contemporaries of the Prophet Muhammad, were known for their eloquence and magnificent poetry. So Prophet Muhammad's major miracle was the Qur'an, the equivalent of which the whole legion of the Arab poets and orators could not produce despite the repeated challenge from the Qur'an itself.

Again Prophet Muhammad's greatest miracle has something special about it. All previous miracles were limited by time and place, i.e., they were shown to specific people at a specific time. Not so the miracle of Muhammad, the Qur'an. It is a universal and everlasting miracle. Previous generations witnessed it and future generations will witness its miraculous nature in terms of its style, content and spiritual uplifting. These still can be tested and will thereby prove the divine origin of the Qur'an.

The Qur'an is miraculous in a number of aspects: Its linguistic perfection and inimitability, its validation by recent historical, archaeological, and scientific discoveries, its prophecies and so on. Unlike the miracles of other prophets before him, the miracle of the Qur'an is eternal.

The Qur'an is a living miracle because every day, new aspects of what was revealed are getting more and more understood, and because none of the Qur'anic principals have been outdated throughout ages and cultures. The Qur'an is miraculous in a number of aspects: Its linguistic perfection and inimitability, its validation by recent historical, archaeological, and scientific discoveries, its prophecies and so on. Unlike the miracles of other prophets before him, the miracle of the Qur'an is eternal. For further information on the miraculousness of the Qur'an, we recommend you to trace the following URL:

http://www.thewaytotruth.org/prophetmuhammad/eternalmiracle.html

Besides the revelation of the Qur’an, the Prophet of Islam had performed many material miracles. Below are accounts of some of the other miracles of Prophet Muhammad. The traditions mentioned below are all from Sahih al-Bukhari, the most authentic collection of Hadith.

Some of the Miracles of Muhammad(P)

Below are accounts of the some of the other miracles of Prophet Muhammad(P) . The Traditions mentioned below are all from Sahih al-Bukhari, the most authentic collection.

1)     Splitting of the Moon

2)     Food Multiplication

3)     Water Multiplication

4)     Supplication for Rain

5)     Lights to guide Companions

6)     Crying of the stem of the Date-palm Tree

7)     Glorification of Allah by the Prophet's meals

8)     The expulsion of a Christian liar's corpse by the Earth

9)     The Speech of the Wolf

10)   The Prophet's Night Journey to Jerusalem and Ascent to the Heavens

 (1) Splitting of the Moon:

Almighty Allah says, "The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder." (Al-Qamr 54:1)

Imam al-Bukhari reported on the authority of `Abdullah who said: "The moon was cleft asunder while we were in the company of the Prophet, and it became two parts. The Prophet said, “Witness, witness (this miracle)."  (Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 388)

(2) Food Multiplication:

Narrated Jabir reported: My father had died in debt. So I came to the Prophet and said, "My father (died) leaving unpaid debts, and I have nothing except the yield of his date palms; and their yield for many years will not cover his debts. So please come with me, so that the creditors may not misbehave with me." The Prophet went round one of the heaps of dates and invoked (Allah), and then did the same with another heap and sat on it and said, "Measure (for them)." He paid them their rights and what remained was as much as had been paid to them.  (Reported Volume 4, Book 56, Number 780)

(3) Water Multiplication:

Narrated Abdullah reported: We used to consider miracles as Allah's Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah's Messenger on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, "Bring the water remaining with you." The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, "Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah." I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah's Messenger, and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him). (Bukhari,Volume 4, Book 56, Number 779)

Narrated Al-Bara: We were one-thousand-and-four-hundred persons on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (Treaty), and (at) Al-Hudaibiya (there) was a well. We drew out its water not leaving even a single drop. The Prophet sat at the edge of the well and asked for some water with which he rinsed his mouth and then he threw it out into the well. We stayed for a short while and then drew water from the well and quenched our thirst, and even our riding animals drank water to their satisfaction. (Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 777)

4.  Supplication for Rain

Narrated Anas:

A man came to the Prophet on a Friday while he (the Prophet) was delivering a sermon at Medina, and said, "There is lack of rain, so please invoke your Lord to bless us with the rain." The Prophet looked at the sky when no cloud could be detected. Then he invoked Allah for rain. Clouds started gathering together and it rained till the Medina valleys started flowing with water. It continued raining till the next Friday. Then that man (or some other man) stood up while the Prophet was delivering the Friday sermon, and said, "We are drowned; Please invoke your Lord to withhold it (rain) from us" The Prophet smiled and said twice or thrice, "O Allah! Please let it rain round about us and not upon us." The clouds started dispersing over Medina to the right and to the left, and it rained round about Medina and not upon Medina. Allah showed them (the people) the miracle of His Prophet and His response to his invocation. (Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 115)

5. Lights to guide Companions

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Two of the companions of the Prophet departed from him on a dark night and were led by two lights like lamps (going in front of them from Allah as a miracle) lighting the way in front of them, and when they parted, each of them was accompanied by one of these lights till he reached their (respective) houses.  (Bukhari Volume 1, Book 8, Number 454)

6. Crying of the stem of the Date-palm Tree

Narrated Ibn Umar:

The Prophet used to deliver his sermons while standing beside a trunk of a datepalm. When he had the pulpit made, he used it instead. The trunk started crying and the Prophet went to it, rubbing his hand over it (to stop its crying).  (Bukhari Volume 4, Book 56, Number 783)

7. Glorification of Allah by the Prophet's meals

Narrated 'Abdullah:

We used to consider miracles as Allah's Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah's Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, "Bring the water remaining with you." The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, "Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah." I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah's Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him). (Bukhari Volume 4, Book 56, Number 779)

8. The expulsion of a Christian liar's corpse by the Earth

Narrated Anas:

There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surat-al-Baqara and Al-Imran, and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet. Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: "Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him." Then Allah caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, "This is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them." They again dug the grave deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, "This is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them." They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground).  (Bukhari Volume 4, Book 56, Number 814)

9. The Speech of the Wolf

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "While a man was riding a cow, it turned towards him and said, 'I have not been created for this purpose (i.e. carrying), I have been created for sloughing." The Prophet added, "I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar believe in the story." The Prophet went on, "A wolf caught a sheep, and when the shepherd chased it, the wolf said, 'Who will be its guard on the day of wild beasts, when there will be no shepherd for it except me?' "After narrating it, the Prophet said, "I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar too believe it." Abu Salama (a sub-narrator) said, "Abu Bakr and 'Umar were not present then." (It has been written that a wolf also spoke to one of the companions of the Prophet near Medina as narrated in Fatah-al-Bari:

Narrated Unais bin 'Amr: Ahban bin Aus said, "I was amongst my sheep. Suddenly a wolf caught a sheep and I shouted at it. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed me, saying, 'Who will look after it (i.e. the sheep) when you will be busy and not able to look after it? Do you forbid me the provision which Allah has provided me?' " Ahban added, "I clapped my hands and said, 'By Allah, I have never seen anything more curious and wonderful than this!' On that the wolf said, 'There is something (more curious) and wonderful than this; that is, Allah's Apostle in those palm trees, inviting people to Allah (i.e. Islam).' "Unais bin 'Amr further said, "Then Ahban went to Allah's Apostle and informed him what happened and embraced Islam.)" palm trees or other trees and share the fruits with me."  (Bukhari Volume 3, Book 39, Number 517)

10. The Prophet's Night Journey to Jerusalem and Ascent to the Heavens:

The opening verse of surat al-Isra' relates the miracle of the Prophet's night journey to Jerusalem. Regarding the Statement of Allah, " Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs:..." (Al-Isra' 17:1) Ibn `Abbas added: "The sights which Allah's Messenger was shown on the Night Journey when he was taken to Bayt-ul-Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem) were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Qur'an is the tree of Zaqqum (itself)."  (Bukhari)

There are many hadiths which indicate that from sacred mosque (Jerusalem) he was then taken to skies and shown different aspects of heaven and hell and he met different prophets and then had a dialogue with God.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: www.islamonline.net

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3. WAS PROPHET HEART CLEANSED?

Question :      

I've heard that Prophet Muhammad's (peace and blessings be upon him) heart was cleansed three times in his lifetime, is it true? If yes, then can you please tell me why was his heart cleansed and when? Can you please cite evidences to support your view?

Answer :         

As far as I know, the Prophet’s heart was cleaned two times during his lifetime. We know this from the authentic narrations in the Hadith and seerah. The first time took place when the Prophet was nearly 5 years of age when he was with Haleemah.

As narrated by Anas in Muslim authentic book or sahih, Gabriel came down and ripped his chest open and took out the heart. He then extracted a blood-clot out of it and said: "That was the part of Satan in you." And then he washed it with the water of Zamzam in a gold basin. After that the heart was joined together and restored to its place. The boys and playmates came running to Haleemah, and said: "Verily, Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) has been murdered." They all rushed towards him and found him all right only his face was white. That was before he becomes a Prophet in order to prepare him spiritually for receiving the message of Allah.

The second incident happened in the journey of Isra’ and Mi’raj. In Sahih Al-Bukhari, Malik bin Sa`saa` narrated that the Prophet said,
"While I was at my house in a state midway between sleep and wakefulness, (an angel recognized me) as the man lying between two men. A golden tray full of wisdom and belief was brought to me and my body was cut open from the throat to the lower part of the abdomen and then my abdomen was washed with Zamzam water and (my heart was) filled with wisdom and belief.”

That was also done in order to make the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) steadfast and firm on Islam.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: www.islamonline.net

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4. WAS PROPHET MOHAMMAD KNEW UNSEEN?

Question:

Name of Questioner: Abdul Qadir - South Africa Date: 18/09/2002

Was rasoolulAllah (God’s messenger, pbuh) ‘alimun-lel-ghayb (knowledgeable of the unknown) as some people - including some who profess to be Islamic scholars - claim?

Kindly honor my humble self with your most valuable answer, including references to the relevant books of tafseer (explanation of Qur’an), hadith (sayings of the Prophet), fiqh and ‘usool (principles of jurisprudence).
 

Answer : 

Name of Counselor      Shahul Hameed

No true scholar of Islam would deviate in this way from the straight path of tawhid (unity) towards the dangerous swamps of shirk (associating partners with Allah). It is a patent fact that the whole foundation of Islam is belief in the One and Only God, Who is the Sovereign Creator and Ruler of the whole universe. One of His greatest attributes is that He is All Wise, All Knowing, that He is the One and Only ‘Aalimul-ghayb-wa-shahaadah, the One and Only Knower of the hidden and the manifest. This fact is quite evident from the Holy Qur’an and hadith. For instance, see the following verses:

“Say (O Muhammad) : None in the heavens or on earth, except God, knows what is hidden: nor can they perceive when they shall be raised up (for Judgment”  (An-Naml 27:65)

“Say (O Muhammad): "I tell you not that with me are the treasures of God, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me." Say: "can the blind be held equal to the seeing?" Will ye then consider not?”  (Al-An'am 6:50)

“Say (O Muhammad): "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as God willeth. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all good, and no evil should have touched me: I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith."  (Al-A'raaf 7:188)  

In the first verse, it is clearly stated that only Allah knows ghayb or what is hidden. What this means is, the mysterious world unknown to man, which includes future. In the second verse quoted, the Prophet is commanded by Allah to tell his followers that he does not know ghayb. In the third verse, the Prophet is also, commanded to say that everything happens as God wills and that the Prophet has no power; nor has he any knowledge of the unseen. He also is asked to make clear what his mission is: "I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith". When such categorical statements are in the Holy Qur’an, it is strange how we can be misled about the Prophet’s role and mission.

In addition to this, please read the following hadiths:

Musa bin Talha reported:

‘I and Allah's messenger (pbuh), happened to pass by people near the date-palm trees. The Prophet said: ‘What are these people doing?’ They said: ‘They are grafting, i.e. they combine the male with the female (tree) and thus they yield more fruit.’ Thereupon Allah's messenger (pbuh) said: ‘I do not find it to be of any use’.

The people were informed about it and they abandoned this practice. Allah's messenger (pbuh) was later informed that the yield had dwindled, whereupon he said:

‘If there is any use of it, then they should do it, for it was just a personal opinion of mine, and do not go after my personal opinion; but when I say to you anything on behalf of Allah, then do accept it, for I do not attribute lie to Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. (Narrated by Muslim)

Here the Prophet spoke about a point related to a future event and his opinion was not correct. He frankly admitted it saying, that his personal opinion was not correct. He also gave his advice: ‘Do not go after my personal opinion.’

This previous hadith proves that the Prophet did not know ghayb. See one more hadith:

Abdullah bin Mas'ud reported:

‘As I was going along with Allah's Apostle (pbuh) in a cultivable land and he - the Prophet - was walking with the support of a wood, a group of Jews happened to meet him. Some of them said to the others: Ask him about the ‘soul’. They said: ‘What is your doubt about it? There is a possibility that you may ask him about anything (the answer of) which you may not like.’ They said: ‘Ask him.’ So one amongst them asked him about the soul.

Allah's messenger (pbuh) kept quiet and he gave no reply and I came to know that revelation was being sent to him, so I stood at my place and thus this revelation descended upon him:

“They ask thee concerning the Spirit (of inspiration). Say: "The Spirit (cometh) by command of my Lord: of knowledge it is only a little that is communicated to you, (O men!)"  (Al-Isra 17:85)

(This hadith is reported by Muslim.)

Here too, when the Prophet was asked about the soul, which is part of the mysterious world of the unknown, he did not give any answer, until he received a revelation. In the revelation, he was clearly told by Allah that we, the humans, are given only a little knowledge.

What we should believe about the Prophet therefore, is not that he was ‘alimul ghayb, but that Allah revealed to him just sufficient knowledge of the ghayb that was necessary to fulfill his mission as a Prophet. That is all. It is true that the predictions of the Prophet have come true. But it was not because he was ‘alimul ghayb, but because Allah had revealed to him such knowledge.

Allah knows best.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/

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5. WAS PROPHET AFFECTED BY  POISON?

Question:

Some people doubt that the prophet may have died from poisoning. As a result of eating from the poisoned sheep that was offered to him by the Jewish woman, is this true? Why didn't he catch the poison before he ate it?

Answer:  Praise be to Allah .

It is proven by the scholars who studied the Prophet’s biography in detail that he ate mutton that had been poisoned by a Jewish woman in Khaybar, then the leg of mutton spoke and informed the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah  be upon him) that it was poisoned, so he stopped eating it.

When his final illness came, he (peace and blessings of Allah  be upon him) said: “O ‘Aa’ishah, I still feel the pain of the food that I ate in Khaybar, and this time I feel that my aorta is being cut from that poison.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari in his Saheeh.

So there is no room for doubt that this poison affected his body, since it is proven in al-Saheeh and elsewhere. However he died three years later poisoning.  But what kind of a poison was that, it would kill after THREE long years?  We all know that poisons are meant to kill a person immediately, within couple minutes, or an hour maximum.  But not three years?

It seems that Allah Almighty did a Miracle by having Prophet Muhammad survive the poison for 3 years, whereas his companion died few minutes after he ate it!

Three years is certainly a lot of time for a poisoned person to live!  It is obvious that it wasn't the poison that killed our Prophet peace be upon him, but rather Allah Almighty's Will, unlike his companion Bishr, who died immediately after he ate from the poisoned lamb

If Allah Almighty Willed, He would've made Muhammad live for 10 years after he took the poison; not three!  Once Muhammad completed Islam to the Muslims through Allah Almighty's Holy and Divine Revelations, Allah Almighty decided to take his life:

"…. This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (even harming) your religion ; so fear them not, fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favour unto you, and have chosen for you as religion AL-ISLAM …."  (Al-Maeda 5:3)

Regarding question “Why didn't he catch the poison before he ate it?”. All pre-information depends on Allah, whether He wants to tell His prophet of any unseen or not. It is not in prophet capability to know about past or future  unless Allah himself wants to inform him. Allah saved him from poison effect whereas his companion died immediately, it all shows that Allah do what He wants. Allah says in Quran:  

“Say (O Muhammad): "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as Allah willeth. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all good, and no evil should have touched me: I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith"   (Al-A'raaf 7:188)  

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://islamqa.com/

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6. WAS PROPHET MOHAMMED (PBUH) ILLITERATE

Question :

How do you explain the hadith in which the Mohamad requests something to write with (Bukhari vol. IV, no.393) when he is supposed to be illiterate?

Answer :

Ummi means "unlettered," which is different, although the majority of the Ulema agree that it also means illiterate in the secondary sense. However, this illiterateness precludes neither the possibility of a miracle (mu`jiza) of the Prophet at that particular event; nor the possibility that he may have learned to read and write certain words in time, among them his own name and the Basmala! Here is the hadith:

"When the Prophet decided to accomplish the Minor Pilgrimage in the month of Dhu al-Qi'da, the Meccans refused to grant him permission to enter Makka until he stipulated to them that he would not stay for more than three days. After they wrote the treaty, they wrote: 'This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, has stipulated.' They said: 'We do not acknowledge that you are so. If we knew that you were the Messenger of Allah, we would not prohibit anything to you. However, you are Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah.' He said: 'I am the Messenger of Allah and Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah.' Then he said to 'Ali ibn Abi Talib - Allah be well-pleased with him: 'Erase {the Messenger of Allah}.' 'Ali said: No, by Allah! I will never ever erase you! (lâ wallâhi lâ amhűka abadâ!)." Whereupon the Messenger of Allah took the treaty - he did not excel at writing (laysa yuhsinu yaktubu) - and wrote: 'This is what Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah has stipulated: He shall not bring any weapon into Makka except sheathed swords; he shall not leave it with any of its dwellers even if they wish to follow him; and he shall not prevent any of his Companions from residing in it if he so wishes.'

Narrated from al-Bara' ibn 'Azib by al-Bukhari, Ahmad, and al-Darimi. Muslim narrates it in shorter form. The words "the Messenger of Allah took the treaty and wrote" have been interpreted by the scholars to mean: "had someone write." Al-Dhahabi considered that he only wrote his name in the above hadith, and mentions that some scholars said that he wrote the entire text as a mu'jiza on his part. Some, like the great Maliki Imam Abu al-Walid al-Baji, considered that the Prophet wrote it himself and defended his view in his book Tahqiq al-Madhhab.

The claim (by Dr. Syed Abdul Latif in his article "Was the Prophet Unlettered?" in The Muslim World published by the late Dato Syed Ibrahim Omar Alsagoff) whereby Anas would take out his note-books and say: "These are the traditions which I had heard from the Prophet and *submitted for his perusal*" is a mistranslation of Anas's related words qara'nâ 'alayh, qara'tu 'alayh, 'aradnâ 'alayh, all of which mean the act of *reading outloud* for those present to hear. See the narrations adduced by al-Khatib in Taqyid al-'Ilm ("The Fettering of Knowledge") (p. 95 lines 9, 17, and 24; p. 96 l. 6) and in al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi's chapter entitled "Writing is the means to fetter knowledge and preserve it from oblivion" in his Nawadir al-Usul (p. 39-41).

As for the difference of opinion among the Companions concerning the Prophet's prohibition or permission of writing other than the Qur'an, the best word is perhaps al-Dhahabi's statement in the chapter of 'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As in the Siyar (4:258): "He wrote a lot of material with the Prophet's permission and his special dispensation for 'Abd Allah while he generally disliked for the Companions to write other than the Qur'an from him. Later, consensus formed, following the difference of views among the Companions, pertaining to the permissibility and desirability of fettering knowledge with writing."

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7. SENDING SALAM ON PROPHET

Question:

The Prophet is reported to have said: “There is no one who sends salams upon me but Allah will restore to me my soul so that I may return his salams.” How do you interpret this hadith?

Answer :         

 We can interpret that hadith in the following: we have to keep sending salams to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) with the firm belief that he hears us and return our salams, but how? We don’t know that as it falls under the category of “belief in the unseen or ghayb; our duty is to believe in what Allah Almighty taught us as well as in what the Prophet has told us. This hadith direct our attention to the great reward of sending salams to the prophet. He did not ask us to think of the way the Prophet uses to return back the salams.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: www.islamonline.net

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8. LAST WORDS OF THE PROPHET

Question :

What were the last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) before he bade farewell to this world?

Answer : Praise be to Allah.  

The last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) – before he bade farewell to this world – were: “O Allah , (with) the higher companions”. This is the title that al-Bukhaari gave to a chapter in Kitaab al-Maghaazi in his Saheeh: “The last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)”, where he quoted the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said: When the Prophet was healthy, he used to say, “No soul of a Prophet is taken until he has been shown his place in Paradise and then he is given the choice.” When death approached him while his head was on my thigh, he became unconscious and then recovered consciousness. He then looked at the ceiling of the house and said,  “O Allah! (with) the highest companions." I said (to myself), “He is not going to choose (to stay with) us.” Then I understood what he meant when he said that to us when he was healthy. The last words he spoke were, "O Allah! (with) the highest companions.”  Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4463; Muslim, 2444. 

There is a report narrated by Ahmad (1691) from the hadeeth of Abu ‘Ubaydah, who said that the last words that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) spoke were, “Expel the Jews of the Hijaaz and Najraan from the Arabian Peninsula, and know that the most evil of people are those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.” This was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Saheehah, no. 1132. And Abu Dawood (5156)and Ibn Maajah (2698) narrated that ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The last words that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) spoke were, “The prayer, the prayer! And fear Allah with regard to those whom your right hands possess.” This was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. And there are other similar ahaadeeth. What is meant by these reports is that these are some of the last things that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, or they were the last pieces of advice that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) gave to his family and companions, and those who would be in authority after he was gone. These ahaadeeth are among the last things he said, but the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah is the last of all. 

See Fayd al-Qadeer by al-Manaawi, 5/250 – 251. 

Note: al-Suhayli said: the reason why these – “O Allah, (with) the higher companions” – were the last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is because they refer both to Tawheed and to dhikr in the heart. It offers comfort to those who are unable to speak (when dying), because some people may not be able to speak out loud for some reason, but that does not matter if their hearts are steadfast in remembering Allah. 

Quoted by al-Haafiz in al-Fath, 8/138.

Excerpted, with some modifications, from: http://islamqa.com/en/

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9. INSULTING PROPHET (PBUH)

Question:

I heard on a tape that whoever insults the Prophet (PBUH) should be executed even if he shows that he has repented. Should he be killed as a “Hadd” punishment or because of kufr? If his repentance is sincere, will Allah forgive him or will he go to Hell and his repentance will be of no avail?

Answer: Praise be to Allah.  

The answer to this question may be given by addressing the two following issues: 

1 – The ruling on one who insults the Prophet (PBUH) 

The scholars are unanimously agreed that a Muslim who insults the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) becomes a kaafir and an apostate who is to be executed. This consensus was narrated by more than one of the scholars, such as Imaam Ishaaq ibn Raahawayh, Ibn al-Mundhir, al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad, al-Khattaabi and others. Al-Saarim al-Maslool, 2/13-16 

This ruling is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Quran says :

“Among them are men who molest the Prophet and say, "He is (all) ear." Say, "He listens to what is best for you: he believes in Allah, has faith in the Believers, and is a Mercy to those of you who believe." But those who molest the Messenger will have a grievous penalty”. (Al-Tawbah 9:61)

“The hypocrites fear lest a Soorah (chapter of the Quran) should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts. Say: ‘(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you fear.’ (64) If you ask them (about this), they declare: ‘We were only talking idly and joking.’ Say: ‘Was it at Allah, and His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger that you were mocking?’ (65) Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed”  (Al-Tawbah 9:64-66)

This verse clearly states that mocking Allah, His verses and His Messenger constitutes kufr, so that applies even more so to insulting. The verse also indicates that whoever belittles the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) is also a kaafir, whether he was serious or joking. 

With regard to the Sunnah, Abu Dawood (4362) narrated from ‘Ali that a Jewish woman used to insult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and say bad things about him, so a man strangled her until she died, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ruled that no blood money was due in this case. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in al-Saarim al-Maslool (1/162): This hadeeth is jayyid, and there is a corroborating report in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas which we will quote below. 

This hadeeth clearly indicates that it was permissible to kill that woman because she used to insult the Prophet (PBUH).

Abu Dawood (4361) narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that a blind man had a freed concubine (umm walad) who used to insult the Prophet (PBUH) and say bad things about him. He told her not to do that but she did not stop, and he rebuked her but she did not heed him. One night, when she started to say bad things about the Prophet (PBUH) and insult him, he took a short sword or dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it and killed her.

The following morning that was mentioned to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He called the people together and said, “I adjure by Allah, the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right over him that he should stand up.” The blind man stood up and said, “O Messenger of Allah, I am the one who did it; she used to insult you and say bad things about you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not give up her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was kind to me. Last night she began to insult you and say bad things about you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her.” Thereupon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Bear witness, there is no blood money due for her.”

(Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 3655)

It seems that this woman was a kaafir, not a Muslim, for a Muslim could never do such an evil action. If she was a Muslim she would have become an apostate by this action, in which case it would not have been permissible for her master to keep her; in that case it would not have been good enough if he were to keep her and simply rebuke her.  

Al-Nasaa’i narrated (4071) that Abu Barzah al-Aslami said: A man spoke harshly to Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq and I said, ‘Shall I kill him?’ He rebuked me and said, ‘That is not for anyone after the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) .’” (Saheeh al-Nasaa’i, 3795) 

It may be noted from this that the Prophet (PBUH) had the right to kill whoever insulted him and spoke harshly to him, and that included both Muslims and kaafirs. 

The second issue is: if a person who insulted the Prophet (PBUH) repents, should his repentance be accepted or not? 

The scholars are agreed that if such a person repents sincerely and regrets what he has done, this repentance will benefit him on the Day of Resurrection and Allah will forgive him. 

But they differed as to whether his repentance should be accepted in this world and whether that means he is no longer subject to the sentence of execution. 

Maalik and Ahmad were of the view that it should not be accepted, and that he should be killed even if he has repented. They quoted as evidence the Sunnah and proper understanding of the ahaadeeth: 

In the Sunnah, Abu Dawood (2683) narrated that Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas said: “On the Day of the Conquest of Makkah, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) granted safety to the people except for four men and two women, and he named them, and Ibn Abi Sarh… As for Ibn Abi Sarh, he hid with ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, and when the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called the people to give their allegiance to him, he brought him to stand before the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He said, “O Prophet of Allah, accept the allegiance of ‘Abd-Allah.” He raised his head and looked at him three times, refusing him, then he accepted his allegiance after the third time. Then he turned to his companions and said: “Was there not among you any smart man who could have got up and killed this person when he saw me refusing to give him my hand and accept his allegiance?” They said, “We do not know what is in your heart, O Messenger of Allah. Why did you not gesture to us with your eyes?” He said, “It is not befitting for a Prophet to betray a person with a gesture of his eyes.” (Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2334) 

This clearly indicates that in a case such as this apostate who had insulted the Prophet (S), it is not obligatory to accept his repentance, rather it is permissible to kill him even if he comes repentant. 

‘Abd-Allah ibn Sa’d was one of those who used to write down the Revelation, then he apostatized and claimed that he used to add whatever he wanted to the Revelation. This was a lie and a fabrication against the Prophet (PBUH), and it was a kind of insult. Then he became Muslim again and was a good Muslim, may Allah be pleased with him. Al-Saarim 115. 

With regard to proper understanding of the ahaadeeth: 

They said that insulting the Prophet (PBUH) has to do with two rights, the right of Allah and the right of a human being. With regard to the right of Allah, this is obvious, because it is casting aspersions upon His Message, His Book and His Religion. As for the right of a human being, this is also obvious, because it is like trying to slander the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) by this insult.

In a case which involves both the rights of Allah and the rights of a human being, the rights of the human beings are not dropped when the person repents, as in the case of the punishment for banditry, because if the bandit has killed someone, that means that he must be executed and crucified. But if he repents before he is caught, then the right of Allah over him, that he should be executed and crucified, no longer applies, but the rights of other humans with regard to qisaas (retaliatory punishment) still stand.

The same applies in this case. If the one who insulted the Prophet (PBUH) repents, then the rights of Allah no longer apply, but there remains the right of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), which still stand despite his repentance. 

If it is said, “Can we not forgive him, because during his lifetime the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forgave many of those who had insulted him and he did not execute them?” The answer is: 

The Prophet (PBUH) sometimes chose to forgive those who had insulted him, and sometimes he ordered that they should be executed, if that served a greater purpose. But now his forgiveness is impossible because he is dead, so the execution of the one who insults him remains the right of Allah, His Messenger and the believers, and the one who deserves to be executed cannot be let off, so the punishment must be carried out. 

Insulting the Prophet (PBUH) is one of the worst of forbidden actions, and it constitutes kufr and apostasy from Islam, according to scholarly consensus, whether done seriously or in jest. The one who does that is to be executed even if he repents and whether he is a Muslim or a kaafir. If he repents sincerely and regrets what he has done, this repentance will benefit him on the Day of Resurrection and Allah will forgive him. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) wrote a valuable book on this matter, entitled al-Saarim al-Maslool ‘ala Shaatim al-Rasool  which every believer should read, especially in these times when a lot of hypocrites and heretics dare to insult the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) because they see that the Muslims are careless and feel little protective jealousy towards their religion and their Prophet, and they do not implement the shar’i punishment which would deter these people and their ilk from committing this act of blatant kufr. 

And Allah knows best. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.

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10. RULING ON WRITING (S) OR (SAWS) ETC

Question :  

Is it permissible to write (S) or (SAWS) etc when mentioning the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), instead of writing out the blessing in full?.

Answer:  Praise be to Allah.

What is prescribed is to write “salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam (May Allah send blessings and peace upon him)” in full, and not to write it in abbreviated form, such as writing (S) or (SAWS) etc. 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

As it is prescribed to send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in prayer when saying the tashahhud, and it is prescribed when giving khutbahs, saying du’aa’ and praying for forgiveness, and after the adhaan, and when entering and exiting the mosque, and when mentioning him in other circumstances, so it is more important to do so when writing his name in a book, letter, article and so on. So it is prescribed to write the blessing in full so as to fulfill the command that Allah has given to us, and so that the reader will remember to say the blessing when he reads it. So we should not write the blessing on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in short form such as writing (S) or (SAWS) etc, or other forms that some writers use, because that is going against the command of Allah in His Book, where He says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet (Muhammad) O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all respect (with Islamic way of salutation)”  (Al-Ahzab 33:56)

And that (writing it in abbreviated form) does not serve that purpose and is devoid of the virtue of writing “salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam (May Allah send blessings and peace upon him)” in full. Moreover the reader may not take notice of it and may not understand what is meant by it. It should also be noted that the symbol used for it is regarded as disapproved by the scholars, who warned against it.

Excerpted, with some modifications, from: http://islamqa.com/en/

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11. REPRINTING THE OFFENSIVE CARTOON IN DENMARK

Question :

What is your view about reprinting the offensive cartoon in Denmark and what is the best way Muslims can handle such issue?

Answer :

The Denmark cartoons against the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, are done especially to excite Muslims and make them angry. In this way a group of Europeans want to create what they call "the clash of civilization" between Islam and others.

Such anti-Prophet cartoons are very insulting and unacceptable to all people of faith. Even the Vatican condemned this type of defamatory media. The issue is not about freedom of speech because freedom of speech does not mean to insult people's faiths or their religious figures.

However, this does not justify violence in responding to this ridicule of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). 

In his response to your question, Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi, president of the Fiqh Council of North America, states the following:

We must protest against these images, not only because of our religious sensitivities but also because they are dangerous for our safety and survival. However, in our protest we should not be provoked into any wrong action. People need to be educated and their moral sensitivities should be raised high. We have to win the hearts and minds of people and make them understand the true meaning and spirit of the ideal of freedom of expression. We should tell them the dangers of the irresponsible use of the freedom of expression. We should also educate them about our faith and the noble character of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).

Our reminders must be polite and careful. We must act in a decent and civilized manner always. It is possible that those who oppose us today may become our friends tomorrow. Allah says: “It may be that Allah will create love (and friendship) between you and those whom you (now) hold as enemies. For Allah has power (over all things); and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (Al-Al-Mumtahanah 60:7).

We want peace in this world for ourselves and for others. We all have to learn how to respect each other. We must not create or allow hate, prejudice, and propaganda against any people neither in the name of religion, nor in the name of freedom or democracy.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: www.islamonline.net

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12. PROPHET ‘S LIFE & CHARACTER

FOR THOSE WHO INSULT  HIM

In Denmark prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) is insulted again by cartoons (portraying him as terrorist) and same is repeated in other European cities. Also a film is made stressing that Quran advocates killing.

We can turn these negative, malicious cartoons & film into something positive by learning about the Prophet, by following him, and educating others about his teachings.

The Prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings be upon him) will be the only human who will attain Al-Maqam Al-Mahmud (the Praised Position in the Hereafter) in Paradise. With so highly respected and also messenger of God, can he advocate violence and terrorism?

West thinkers do not understand, how heinous sin they are doing by saying all that against a prophet and Last Testament i.e. Quran. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) is being portrayed as terrorist after 1400 years of his death. He was not only prophet of God, but aside from that, he was at the “Top in List of 100 Most Noble and influential and successful person of history” prepared by one of their fellow.

In recent times, a book has been published in America  titled "The 100," or the Top One hundred, or the Greatest Hundred in History.  A certain Michael H. Hart, described as a historian, mathematician and astronomer has written this novel book.  He has searched history, seeking for men who had the greatest influence on mankind.  In this book he gives us The hundred most influential men, including Ashoka, Aristotle, Buddha, Confucius, Hitler, Plato, and Zoroaster.  He does not give us a mere chart of the topmost "one hundred" from the point of view of their influence on people, but he evaluates the degree of their influence and rates them in order of their excellence from No. 1, through to No. 100.  He gives us his reasons for the placing of his candidates.  We are not asked to agree with him, but we cannot help admire the man's research and honesty.

The most amazing thing about his selection is that he has put our  Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as No. 1, the first of his "100!" Thus confirming, unknowingly, God's Own testimony in His Final Revelation to the World:

I feel very much ashamed for comparing our beloved prophet against a terrorist, but writing all this only to answer and let our Muslims brothers and Non Muslim deviants know about our prophet’s character and qualities.

Can any prophet of God be a “Terrorist”. The logical answer is “No, Not at all”. However Jesus (pbuh) and many others prophets were not only insulted but killed (Islam does not believe Jesus killing) by anti truth elements, declaring prophets themselves as “Liar”, “Possessed”, “Troublemaker”, “magician” and “unbearable” due to their thoughts and preaching. Same is true for prophet Mohammad (pbuh) and he was also tried to be killed many times by such elements.

Before prophethood at the age of 40, he was a most noble character and trustworthy citizen of Makkah. However as soon as he was nominated as prophet by God, he was then named as magician, poet, possessed, liar but still never called by above title.

Some qualities of terrorist

Let us describe some qualities may be:

1.       Terrorist is generally between the age of 20 to 30 or max 35.

2.       He is generally not having a strong moral character.

3.       He generally feels himself, the deprived one.

4.       From beginning, he is very bold in quarreling and fighting.

5.       He is controlled by other persons for their vested interest.

6.       He takes special training to conduct terrorist attacks.

7.       He does not fear God for his killing and destruction.

8.       Killing as much as possible is his aim.

9.       He is paid by others for destruction activities.

10.     His purpose is to create fear and disorder in the society.

11.     He is never a sound practicing religious person.

12.     He never keep standing hours in night worship, fearing God.

13.     No terrorist claims to be prophet. (receiving God’s revelations)

14.     No terrorist leaves behind followers of high moral character.

15.     Terrorist is cruel by nature, No merciful by heart.

16.     Terrorist don’t care for children, women or elders.

17.     He don’t care for heaven or hell but only obeys orders.

18.     He is never praised by society.

19.     No body shows any good emotions by people.

20.     He is never buried with honor and remembered honorably.

21.     No terrorist can tell about past and future events truly.

22.    Terrorist never claims, having any God revelation book.

23.    God will never nominate any terrorist as prophet.

 

Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) Character and Life

Let us now see how was Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) character. The Prophet (pbuh) used to say that he was sent as a Prophet to the world to present an ideal of good deeds and lofty character.

Someone asked Aishah (his beloved wife, may Allah be pleased with her) about the Prophet's manners. She said that his manners were the manners prescribed by the Quran. She later clarified that a tree is recognized by the taste of its fruits. Similarly a man is known by his manners and knowledge. From the Quran you can know about the nature and manners of the Prophet (pbuh). He is gentle in manners and talks. His voice is never shrill. Evils done to him are not retaliated. He is busy in modifying and elevating the lives of the people and leveling the path of religion. He has a task to preach and establish the Oneness of Allah. His teachings impart insight and develop understanding, and the ignorant is made aware of the realities of life and the world. He is adorned with all the qualities and good manners. He is a man of good deeds and virtues. His conscience is pure and clean and symbolic of piety. His words are replete with wisdom. Truthfulness and friendliness are his nature. He is forgiving and obliging. Justice is his hallmark. Truthfulness is his religion and guidance is his leader.

Now let us analyze some of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) attributes towards society.

Respect and Courtesy

1.  He never stretched his legs while sitting among people.

2.  He did not allow people to stand paying respects.

3.  Whenever a person held his hands, he never tried to remove them.

4.  He never interrupted anybody during talks.

5.  While riding, he did not allow anyone to follow him on foot. He either gave him a lift or asked him to return.

Generosity and Munificence

He never turned anyone away empty-handed from his house and always gave preference to the needy over his own needs. He was so merciful that not only people living under and around him call him as most humble and merciful, but Allah also certified it in Quran:

“That we have sent not thee (O Muhammad) but as a mercy to the whole of humankind, as a mercy to all the world” (Al-Ambiya 21:107)

If he had nothing to give, he apologized the needy persons.

Social Care & Justice

1)  In rebuilding the Sacred House of the Ka'ba in A.D. 605, the question arose as to who should have the honor of raising the black stone, the most holy relic of that House, into its proper place. Each tribe claimed that honor. The senior citizen advised the disputants to accept for their arbitrator the first man to enter from a certain gate. The proposal was agreed upon, and the first man who entered the gate was Muhammad "Al-Ameen." His advice satisfied all the contending parties. He ordered the stone to be placed on a piece of cloth and each tribe to share the honor of lifting it up by taking hold of a part of the cloth. The stone was thus deposited in its place, and the rebuilding of the House was completed without further interruption.

2)  A Makkan woman named Fatimah committed a theft. When people brought the recommendation of Usamah bin Zaid who was dear to the Prophet (pbuh). He told them that no recommendation was valid for Divine punishments. He further said that his daughter Fatimah would have the same punishment if she had committed this guilt.

Truthfulness and Trust

He was so much trustworthy and honest that people used to keep with him their security, belongings and assets. He remained with them until the age of 40, when he got the prophethood. During all this time, history does not give any evidence of being violent or quarreling. His moral character is described as:

Historical records show that Mohammad has been admitted by friend and foe as Al Amin, or the faithful, acknowledged the sterling qualities, the spotless honesty, the noble virtues, the absolute sincerity and every trustworthiness of the apostle of Islam in all walks of life and in every sphere of human activity. Even the Jews and those who did not believe in his message, adopted him as the arbiter in their personal disputes by virtue of his perfect impartiality. Even those who did not believe in his message were forced to say "O Mohammad, we do not call you a liar, but we deny him who has given you a book and inspired you with a message."

One day Abu Jahl (staunch enemy of Islam) said to the Prophet (pbuh): "I don't think that you are a liar but I do not get interested in your religion."

The night the Prophet (pbuh) left his house for Al-Madinah, the enemies had made all arrangements for his assassination. But he allowed his dear cousin 'Ali to stay that night and come after paying off all the deposits kept with him as a trustee.

Prohibiting Killing without justification

Prophet never killed by himself or ordered to kill for himself. He only ordered such killing or fighting when somebody was going against the commands of God. He was instructed in Quran :

“…. and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand”  (Al-Annam 6:151)

“Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, …. (Al-Furqan 25:68)

And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause…. ”  (Al-Isra’ 17:33) 

So Quran does not advocates Violence or Killing, on the other hand it treat unjust killing as one of the biggest crime, the punishment of which is Hell. God says in Quran:

“…. if any one slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people….”  (Al-Maa’idah 5:32) 

Prophet himself telling that, one of major sins is killing innocent peoples. Hadith says: "Avoid the seven noxious things: associating anything with Allah, magic, killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just cause, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring riba (interest), turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet" (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

With above directions from Goad and his own saying, how, then he can be blamed for spreading terrorism

Devotion

1.  The Prophet (pbuh) prayed that he should remain hungry one day and fed the other day so that he could pray with all his might in the state of hunger and express his thanks to Allah when satisfied.

2.  Aishah says that the members of the Prophet's family lived on dates and water for a month or two and the hearth remained cold during the period.

3.  Aishah says that the bed of the Prophet (pbuh) at her house was filled with leafy stalks of palms.

4.  Hafsah says that in her house the Prophet's bed was made of sack cloth. It was folded twice and spread out. Once it was made fourfold. Upon this the Prophet (pbuh) forbade her to do so as it became soft.

5.  Ibn 'Auf says that during his life the Prophet (pbuh) did not eat to his satisfaction even loaves of bread made of barley flour.

6.  In the last night the Prophet (pbuh) passed in this world, oil was procured on credit from a neighbor for the lamp.

Prayers

1.  He stood in voluntary prayers so long that his legs swelled. His Companions wondered why the Prophet (pbuh) should suffer such troubles as he was innocent and pure. Upon this he said that why he should not offer his thanks to Allah for His mercy and kindness.

2.  He would lay in prostration for such a long time that he was taken to be dead by the people close to him.

3.  During supplications his chest surged and swirled like a cauldron.

4.  Having read the verses of blessings he sought benediction, and after reading the verses of affliction he trembled.

5.  He fasted regularly for several days but forbade others to observe those fasts.

Compassion and Forgiving

By the time he was twenty-five, Muhammad had become well known in the city for the integrity of his disposition and the honesty of his character. By the age of 40, Prophet Muhammad had a perfectly balanced personality. He was patient, truthful, and magnanimous. He presented the highest example of human nobility. He disciplined himself by staying aloof from quarrels and quibbles. He never engaged in foul utterances or abuse. Even before prophethood, he was called as-sadiq al-amin (the truthful and trustworthy). His status of nobility qualifies him following  mediation.

1.  Hamzah bin 'Abdul-Muttalib (, the dear uncle of the Prophet (pbuh), was treacherously slain by Wahshi, a slave of Abu Sufyan's wife, Hindah. He mutilated his nose and ears. The liver of the martyred Hamzah was carved out and chewed on the battlefield. Despite this Prophet (pbuh) forgave him when he asked for it.

2.  Habbar struck Zainab, the eldest daughter of the Prophet (pbuh), with a spear and she fell from the camel-litter and aborted and she died from it. The Prophet pardoned him when he asked for it.

3.  Once the Prophet (pbuh) was sleeping under a tree and his sword was hanging on the branch of a tree. His enemy came and took the sword and impertinently awakened the Prophet (pbuh) and asked him who would save him. The Prophet (pbuh) instantly replied that Allah would take care of him. He became unconscious and fell down and his sword dropped from his hand. The Prophet (pbuh) picked up the sword and asked him who could save him. Then he was astounded. He then asked the man to go as revenge he never cherished.

General Behavior

At the age of 40, he became prophet, not by himself but chosen by Allah. After nominated as Allah’s prophet, he became more polite, merciful and God fearing. Allah says about him clearly:

“O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner”  (Al-Ahzab 33:45)

He was not only himself at the highest of moral character but advocates for that. See what he says about the importance of moral character.

“The most perfect believer in faith is the one who is best in moral character. The best of you are those who are the best to their spouses in manners.”  (Al-Tirmidhi 1082)

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) although a prophet lived among others as an equal. No bitter criticism or provocation would make him lose his composure, and no praise could make him vain. He lived in such taqwa (piety and fear of Allah) that he was always an example of modesty and leniency.

“And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character”  (Al-Qalm 68: 4)

He used to speak little but always purposeful. “Your companion (Muhammad) is not astray, nor perverted. (2) Nor does he (Mohammad) speak of (his own) desire. (3) It is only an Inspiration that is inspired”  (An-Najm 53:2 - 4).

Some of his other qualities were as follows.

1.    The Prophet (pbuh) used to meet all cheerfully.

2.    He brought up orphans and helped widows.

3.    He loved the poor and deserving persons and used to sit with them.

4.    He could sit on the bare ground without making any distinction for his self.

5.    He used to care for the slaves and attendants in their ailments.

6.    If a Muslim died in debt, his loan was paid from the treasury and then he was buried

7.    If a sincere person breathed his last, he participated in the funeral rites.

"The Prophet was not one who would abuse (others) or say obscene words, or curse (others)..." (Bukhari)

He walked in a way that suggested his reverence of and humbleness before Almighty Allah. Criticism never angered him. He never revenged for himself. He would assert that he is Allah's servant and would act as befits a servant of Allah.

A desert Arab came and began to pass water in the mosque. The companions of Allah's Messenger said, "Stop! Stop!" but Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) said, "Don't interrupt him; leave him alone." They left him alone, and when he had finished, Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) called him and said to him, "These mosques are not suitable places for urine and filth, but are only for remembrance of Allah, prayer and recitation of the Qur'an,"

Following hadith gives his character of forgiving, which can never be seen with anyone.

Anas ibn Malik was under his service for 10 years and he says:  "I served the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) at Madinah for ten years. I was a boy. Every work that I did was not according to the desire of my master, but he never said to me: Fie!, nor did he say to me: Why did you do this? or Why did you not do this?" (Narrated by Abu-Dawood)

Even when the prophet was in a position of power, he chose the path of kindness and reconciliation.

When he returned to Mecca after years of exile and personal attacks, he did not take revenge on the people of the city, but instead offered a general amnesty.

Living Poor & Love For The Poor

He lived a very simple life and always in poverty (although having access to large amount), simple wearing and eating (mostly eating only one time a day). Living in a very small room house with no comfortable items in it.

After the fall of Mecca, more than one million square miles of land lay at his feet, Lord of Arabia, still he mended his own shoes and coarse woolen garments, milked the goats, swept the hearth, kindled the fire and attended the other menial offices of the family.

His love for the poor was so deep that he used to pray: "O Allah, keep me poor in my life and at my death and raise me at resurrection among those who are poor." (Nasai)

“He used to visit the poorest of ailing persons and exhorted all Muslims to do likewise” (Sahih Bukhari)

Prophets Leftover

On the very day of his death his only assets were few coins a part of which went to satisfy a debt and rest was given to a needy person who came to his house for charity. The clothes in which he breathed his last had many patches. The house from where light had spread to the world was in darkness because there was no oil in the lamp. He could have gathered assets and money, which no one at that time could have, but he was having nothing. Zakat is a mandatory for every Muslim, who has got a specified amount, gold or silver (for a period of one year), but he was never able to give as he was never having that.

He however left God revelation “Quran” and his saying which is called Ahadiths.

Are Above Qualities of one who is advocating Terrorism?

All above is only for the information of a Non Muslim. Muslims knows all that and love their prophet so much that “No Muslim is said to have complete faith, if he does not love prophet Mohammad more than himself and his parents”. For that reason Muslims get excited by his insult.

If any non Muslim reads all that without being bias, he will find that all these qualities can never and never be found in any of terrorist. If still not convinced, then for such unconvincing people, Allah has said: “Can you (O Muhammad SAW) make the deaf to hear, or can you guide the blind or him who is in manifest error?”  (Az-Zukhruf 43: 40)

We should not act furiously and destroy our properties and image. We can make peaceful protests, boycott their commodities and protest diplomatically to the governments who allowed all this in the name of “Freedom of Press”. Strange freedom, you can’t say a words against Jews killing in World War 2, but you can insult and hurt feeling billion of Muslims. For such people Allah has said.

 “Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) Allah has cursed them in this World and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating Punishment”  (Al-Ahzab 33:57)

Finally, will any terrorist say before the end of his life like following.

In his fatal illness, the Prophet (pbuh) proclaimed in a concourse assembled at his house that if he owed anything to anyone the person concerned could claim it; if he had ever hurt anyone's person, honor or property, he could have his price while he was yet in this world. A hush fell on the crowd. One man came forward to claim a few dirhams which were paid at once. (Ibn Hisham)

So Muslim should show patience and have faith on Allah, that those who are insulting him, will be brought to account, as Allah sees all that what they do or say. We should remember what Allah says:

Repel evil with that which is best: We are well acquainted with the things they say”  (Al-Muemanoon 23:96) 

Prophet said: "You do not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you deal with them with forgiveness and kindness." (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

In the Quran, Allah states: "When (the righteous) hear vain talk, they withdraw from it saying: 'Our deeds are for us and yours for you; peace be on to you. We do not desire the way of the ignorant' (55) ‘O Prophet (Muhammad), you cannot give guidance to whom you wish, it is God Who gives guidance to whom He pleases, and He is quite aware of those who are guided." (Al-Qasas 28:55 - 56)

Triumph of Islam

Islam will prevail. It is the promise of God, and His Promise is true. But how? With the sword or gun! Could we use it? The Holy Qur'an forbids us to use force as a means of converting! Yet the verse prophesies that Islam would be the most dominant of religions.

In the end we must be sure for us and for them, what Allah has said in Quran:

“And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers”  (Aale Imraan 3:85)

“That we have sent not thee (O Muhammad) but as a mercy to the whole of humankind, as a mercy to all the world” (Al-Ambiya 21:107)  

Advice to Muslims

We can not force unbelievers for respecting our prophet except protesting and boycotting their products (which whole Muslim umma should do). Allah treats prophets insult so srious that even He has given following warning to Prophet companions (those who are at the highest status after prophet) that they should respect prophet otherwise their all deeds will become in vain.

“O ye who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk, as ye may speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and ye perceive not”   (Al-Hujuraat 49:2) 

That means, only calling or talking with him in higher voice than prophet, makes all deeds in vain (and they may perceive it not), then think how painful end such unbelievers may get here or on the Day of Judgment.

 “Surely those who act in opposition to Allah and His Messenger shall be laid down prostrate as those before them were laid down prostrate; and indeed We have revealed clear communications, and the unbelievers shall have an abasing chastisement”   (Al-Mujadla 58:5)

Allah says for them :

“Verily, We have warned you of a Penalty near, the Day when man will see (the deeds) which his hands have sent forth, and the Unbeliever will say, "Woe unto me! Would that I were (mere) dust!"  (An-Naba 78:40)

Those who are trying to insult prophet and Quran, for them and us is a beautiful hadith.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If anyone calls others to follow right guidance, his reward will be equivalent to those who follow him (in righteousness) without their reward being diminished in any respect, and if anyone invites others to follow error, the sin, will be equivalent to that of the people who follow him (in sinfulness) without their sins being diminished in any respect".  (Muslim174)

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.muslimbridges.org/

 

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13. PROPHET  IN DREAMS

Question:

Is it true that our prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) can come in our dreams and we can see his true face?

Answer:
 
Yes it is possible to see the Prophet (pbuh) in our dreams. See the following hadiths from Bukhari: Vol 9, Book 87. Interpretation Of Dreams. Hadith 122.  

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever sees me in a DREAM will see me in his wakefulness, and Satan cannot imitate me in shape." Abu 'Abdullah said, "Ibn Sirin said, 'Only if he sees the Prophet in his (real) shape.'"  
 
Vol 9, Book 87. Interpretation Of Dreams. Hadith 123.  
Narrated By Anas: The Prophet said, "Whoever has seen me in a DREAM, then no doubt, he has seen me, for Satan cannot imitate my shape."  
 
Vol 9, Book 87. Interpretation Of Dreams. Hadith 125.  
Narrated By Abu Qatada: The Prophet said, "Whoever sees me (in a DREAM) then he indeed has seen the truth."  
 
Vol 9, Book 87. Interpretation Of Dreams. Hadith 126.  
Narrated By Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, "Who ever sees me (in a DREAM) then he indeed has seen the truth, as Satan cannot appear in my shape."

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14.  WHY DID THE PROPHET HAVE ELEVEN WIVES

Question :

There is an upper limit in Islam for women, for  man to marry four wives,  then why did the Prophet Mohammed (Peace by upon him), have eleven wives - and there is an insinuation, that he was hyper sexual?

Answer :

I do agree with that Qur’an mentions in Surah Nisa, Chapter 4, Verse No. 3, that you can maximum have 4 wives.

“…. Marry women of your choice, two, or three, or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one ....”  (An-Nisa 4:3)

But there is another Verse in Surah Ahzab, Ch. 33, Verse 52, which says that...

“O Prophet you cannot marry more women, neither can you exchange any other women for the present one, even if their beauty attracts you, except what your right hand possesses…”

This Verse of the Qur’an, Surah Ahzab, Ch. 33, Verse No. 52, gives the permission to the Prophet, to keep all his wives, but at the same time, cannot marry any other women, except which your right hand possesses. If you analyze why Prophet Muhammed was not allowed to marry more wives nor he could divorce existing ones.

Many of the Prophet's marriages were motivated by political, social or legislative considerations. Lady Aisha was the daughter of Abu Bakr, the Prophet's friend and successor. He was also married to Lady Hafsah, the daughter of Umar ibn Al-Khattab, the second ruler of the Muslim state after Abu Bakr. So, both of the first two of the rightly guided caliphs had their daughters married to the Prophet on their own wishes and get closer relationship between the companions.

if you analyze, that all the eleven marriages which the Prophet did,  all were either for social reform or for political reason. They were not to please his sex. The first marriage that he did, was with Bibi Khatija, (May Allah be pleased with her). She was at the age of 40, when he was only 25, and she was a widow twice. Imagine, if he had to marry for sex, why would he marry a woman who was fifteen years elder to him, and who was a widow twice. And if you analyze, till the time Bibi Khatija (May Allah be pleased with her) was alive, Prophet Muhammad did not take any other wife.

The most sexually active phase in anyone’s life is before he reaches the age of fifty. We must remember that in this phase, the Prophet had only one wife, Khadijah, who was fifteen years older than him. The Prophet married her when he was twenty-five and she was forty years. She died at the age of sixty-five. It was only after her death and in Madinah, after he had dedicated himself to the task of building a nation, that he married a number of women belonging to different Arab clans, most of them widows.  

The Prophet also married Umm Habibah, the daughter of Abu Sufiyan, the leader of Quraish who was waging a most determined fight against Islam. Lady Umm Habibah had emigrated to Abyssinia a few years earlier when the Prophet advised a group of his companions to travel and settle there. During her stay in that faraway country, Umm Habibah's husband died. She was in a very difficult situation, having no relations in Abyssinia. She was the daughter of the Chief of Mecca, Abu-Sufiyan, but natural this marriage played a great importance in the conquest of Mecca. (He was leading Quraish and other Arabian tribes in a fight to exterminate Islam). Learning of her plight, the Prophet sent one of his companions to Negus, the ruler of Abyssinia who had accepted Islam, to arrange his marriage to Lady Habibah and send her to him. That was a marriage even Abu Sufiyan, her father, could be proud of.

The Prophet also married Umm Salamah, the widow of one of his valiant companions, who was left with children to look after and practically no one to support her.

Two marriages had clear political motives. The first was the Prophet's marriage to Lady Juwairiyah, the daughter of a tribal chief who had raised an army to fight the Prophet. The Muslims preempted his attempt and managed to inflict a heavy defeat on him and his tribe of Almustalaq. Many of the men in that tribe were taken captive, and as was the common practice at that time, prisoners of war were made slaves. The Prophet hated slavery and freed every slave who came into his possession. When the Prophet married Lady Juwairiyah, his companions felt that they could not keep the Prophet's "in-laws" as their slaves. The companions said, “How can we keep as captives, the relatives of the Prophet”, and they freed those people, and after that, both these tribes became friendly.

The other marriage to be mentioned in this connection was the Prophet's matrimonial union with Lady Safiyah, the daughter of Huyai ibn Akhtab, a Jewish scholar who was dedicated to fighting the Prophet and Islam. In fact, it was Huyai who worked hard to forge an alliance of Arabian and Jewish tribes which marched on Madinah to try to eliminate the Muslim community altogether. That was the alliance which tried to attack the Muslims in what is known as "the expedition of the Moat (Ghazwa-e-Khandaq)." Huyai was executed along with the Jews of Huraithah after victory was granted by God to Muslims. A couple of years later, Safiyah's Jewish husband was killed in the Battle of Khaybar. After the battle, the Prophet married her to help normalize the relations with those Jews who continued to live in Arabia. In fact, Lady Safiyah fell to the Prophet as a slave as part of his share of what the Muslims gained as a result of the battle. He, however, offered her freedom if she would accept Islam, which she did and he married her.

Now about the Prophet's marriage to Lady Zainab, who was known by the title, "Mother of the Poor", because she was so keen to help every poor person. She was married to the Prophet for only two months before she passed away.

He married Bibi Maimoona (May Allah be pleased with her), who was the sister of the wife of the chief of the tribe of Najad, which killed 70 Muslim men of the Islamic deputation. After Mo­hammed (May peace be upon him), married her, they accepted Medina as their leader­ship, and they accepted Prophet as their leader.

One marriage which had clear legislative purpose was that which saw the Prophet married, by God's own order, to Lady Zainab bint Jahsh. Before Islam and well into the early years of the Muslim settlement in Madinah, the Arabs used to recognize adoption as giving full parental status. Thus, if a couple adopted a child, he was considered their own son or daughter in every respect. Islam, however, stopped adoption and considered it a forbidden practice which could give no legal effect to any relationship. The Prophet had adopted, in pre-Islamic days, a young man who had been gifted to him as a slave. The young man was known as Zaid ibn Haritha. He declared his adoption of Zaid, who was subsequently known as Zaid ibn Muhammad. It is perhaps worth mentioning here that Zaid was the first man to adopt Islam. When the prohibition of adoption was declared, Zaid reverted to his original name and was known ever since as Zaid ibn Haritha, after his real father.

The Prophet had married Zaid to Lady Zainab, the daughter of his paternal aunt. However, Zainab was rather unhappy about the marriage, because of Zaid's former slave status. Zaid was very uneasy about the marriage and asked the Prophet's permission to divorce her. At this point, the Prophet was ordered to allow the divorce to go through and to marry Zainab after her waiting period was over. The Prophet was very reluctant to do so, because of what people might say about his marrying his former "daughter-in-law". But God wanted to demonstrate in practice the absolute invalidity of adoption in the most practical manner.

God declares in the Qur'an: "…When Zaid had accomplished his purpose with her, We married her off to you so that there would be no objection for believers in respect of their adopted sons' wives once they have accomplished their purpose with them. God's command must be done." (Al-Ahzab 33:37)

Prophet took all the other wives between the age of 53 to 56. Imagine, if the Prophet was hyper sexu­al, he would have married at a young age. Science tells us, ‘The older the man gets, the less sexual he gets’. It is an insinuation, on the Prophet. By marrying them he was setting a precedent to reverse the taboo of widow marriage. Secondly, he was paying back his due to some of the companions who had perished in battles leaving behind widows with children, just as he was also seeking to unify the Arab tribes. Such a function of marriage is inconceivable for us today.

Only two of his marriages were normal, that is with Bibi Khatija, and that with Bibi Ayesha, (May Allah be pleased with them both). All the other marriages were due to circumstances, either of a social reform or a political gain.

So if analyzed, only two wives were below the age of 36 - All the other wives were between the age of 36 and 50 - Each marriage had some reason to improve the community and better rela­tionships.  It was of course not for sex.

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15. MARRIAGE OF PROPHET WITH 6 YEARS AGE GIRL

Question :

How would you justify prophet (PBUH) marrying a six year old girl?

Answer:

As regard your question, we’d like to make it clear in the very beginning that Prophet’s marriage to `Aisha, the Mother of the Faithful, has always been a subject of attack and criticism by the enemies of Islam. First of all, marriage contract was done at her six years age but consumed at her age of nine. Secondly in Islam early age marriage is allowed with the consent of their parents or their custodians.

We further want to clarify to people who view this marriage as some sort of brutal act and child abuse that they should try to understand the main purpose of this marriage and the condition of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, before the marriage.   

'Aishah, may God be pleased with her, narrated that the Prophet (P) was betrothed (zawaj) to her when she was six years old and he consummated (nikah) his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years. (Saheeh al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 62, Number 64)

Additionally, all of the ahadith in both books agree that the marriage betrothal contract took place when 'Aishah was "six years old", but was not consummated until she was "nine years old".

Definition of Puberty : The stage of adolescence in which an individual becomes physiologically capable of sexual reproduction.

Islamic Rule About Attaining Puberty: When a girl gets her menses started or though menses has not started, but she becomes pregnant or though she has not been pregnant, but she commits sexual intercourse in dream and had a seminal discharge as well as taste of sexual intercourse... then in all these three state of affairs she attains puberty.

Rule: In Shariah, to become young means to attain puberty. No woman (girl) can be young before *NINE* even if she starts bleeding before (before nine) she cannot be taken as young. The blood, which comes before nine, is not menses but 'Istehada'-- and orders of Shariah are different for Istehada.

It is pretty common in the world including USA that a girl reaches the age of puberty at the age of nine or ten, not to mention in many cased have given birth to children (In Brazil 9 year old girl given birth to a baby.) That would constitute that the girl is physiologically capable of sexual reproduction. Therefore, who are we to declare that girl a “child” and deny her the joys of life that she can enjoy by getting married and why a 50 years old man cannot take care of his young wife. Beside that why some people have very selective amnesia, which makes them conveniently forget that the marriage took place over 1400 years ago, therefore, there is an obvious difference between the norms of now and the norms of then, not to mention obvious culture differences.

Now we believe that the age of Aisha عائشه رضی الله عنها was nine years when the marriage was consummated.     What proof critics have that Aisha عائشه رضی الله عنها was not pubertal at the age of nine and did not come under the Islaamic Shariah شريعه Rules about attaining puberty and/or to the least, even didn’t meet the dictionary definition cited above? (Puberty : The stage of adolescence in which an individual becomes physiologically capable of sexual reproduction)

Just after Khadijah's death, when he was round forty six years old, the Prophet (P) married his second wife Sawdah bint Zam'ah. It was after this second marriage that the Prophet (P) became betrothed to 'Aishah, may God be pleased with her.

It's normal for changes in girls to start as early as 8 or 9 years of age, or not until 13 or 14.

'Aishah was only nine years old at the time of the marriage tells us that the marriage was Divinely ordained:

Narrated 'Aishah, may God be pleased with her: The Messenger of God (P) said (to me): "You have been shown to me twice in (my) dreams. A man was carrying you in a silken cloth and said to me, 'This is your wife.' I uncovered it; and behold, it was you. I said to myself, 'If this dream is from God, He will cause it to come true."(Saheeh Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 62, Number 15)

As the ahadith about 'Aishah's age show, her betrothal took place at least three years before the consummation of the marriage. The reason for this was that they were waiting for her to come of age (i.e. to have her first menstrual period). Puberty is a biological sign which shows that a women is capable of bearing children. Can anyone logically deny this?

The evidence shows that 'Aishah's marriage to the Prophet Muhammad (P) was one which both parties and their families agreed upon. Based on the culture at that time, no one saw anything wrong with it. On the contrary, they were all happy about it.

None of the Muslim sources report that anyone from the society at that time criticized this marriage due to 'Aishah's young age. On the contrary, the marriage of 'Aishah to the Prophet (P) was encouraged by 'Aishah's father, Abu Bakr, and was welcomed by the community at large.

GOD WISDOM OF YOUNG WIFE TO PROPHET
As for the purpose of this marriage, it was purely for sociopolitical reason. The Prophet’s main concern was the future of Islam. He was interested in strengthening the Muslims by all bonds. This also explains the reason why he married the daughter of `Umar, his Second Successor. It was by his marriage to Juwayriyyah that he gained the support for Islam of the whole clan of Bani Al-Mustaliq and their allied tribes. It was through his marriage to Safiyyah that he neutralized a great section of the hostile Jews of Arabia. By accepting Mariya, the Copt from Egypt, as his wife, he formed a political alliance with a king of great magnitude. So his marriage to `Aisha could never be of anything save cementing his relation with Abu Bakr, `Aisha’s father.  
 
As for the Prophet’s condition before this marriage, it clearly explained what we’ve said that it was a purely sublime aim and purpose that motivated him to marry `Aisha. That’s why the marriage was not consummated until sometime after the emigration to Madinah, when she had reached maturity. The motives of this marriage can be understood to be anything except passion and physical attraction. However, he lived with her, in addition to Sawdah, for five to six years, when he was 56 years of age, without taking any other wife.  
 
One important point we have to clarify here is that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, when proposing to `Aisha, was not the first suitor, for, according to many historians, Jubair ibn Mut`am proposed to her before the Prophet, peace and blessings for him. This gives an indication that `Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, was mature enough for marriage at that age.  
 
Giving more details on this issue, Sheikh Faysal Mawlawi, deputy chairman of the European Council for Fatwa and Research, states the following:  
 
Firstly, Prophet’s proposal to `Aisha came through a suggestion made by Khawalh bint Hakim as a sign of strengthening the relation with his Companion Abu Bakr and confirming his love for him.  
 
Secondly, the fact that `Aisha, before the Prophet proposed to her, was being pursued by Jubair ibn Mut`am, indicates that she was mature enough for marriage, according to the prevailing tradition at that time, if not, the Quraish people, who would never waste any chance to insult the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would have found this marriage as a golden opportunity to pour on him rain of insults. Rather they found nothing wrong in this engagement, and they received the news of the Prophet’s proposal for `Aisha as something usual, and even, expected.  
 
`Aisha was not the first case, for many girls married at her same age to men who were at their fathers’ age. Hala, the cousin of Amina bint Wahb was married to Abdul-Muttalib on the same day his son `Abdullah married Aminah bint Wahb who was at Hala’s same age. Also, the Companion `Umar ibn Al-Khattab married the daughter of Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah honor his face, while he was at her grandpa’s age.  
 
It should be noted that in the hot regions, it’s normal for a girl to attain maturity at a very early age. Thus the case is totally different from that which does exist in the cold regions where a girl does not attain puberty before 21 [Physicians maintain that the age of puberty in the hot regions normally ranges from 9 to 16]. At all rates, it should be stressed that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, on marrying `Aisha, never aimed at fulfilling a lust or satisfying a desire; rather, his aim was to strengthen his relation with the most beloved Companion of his.  
 
Had it been true that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, aimed at fulfilling a lust or satisfying a desire, he would have done this while still in his youth when he was still free from the responsibilities of delivering Allah’s call. At his early age, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, accepted to marry Khadija, may Allah be pleased with her, who was 15 years older than him. He also never married a new wife until after her death. Even after her passing away, his new wife Sawdah bint Zam`ah was an old-aged widow who possessed no particular appealing qualities. This adds to our certainty that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, had many great lofty aims behind his marriages. Also, when Khawlah bint Hakim suggested to him to marry`Aisha, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, thought thoroughly whether to accept or to refuse. He took into consideration his relation with Abu Bakr.  
 
When `Aisha reached the Prophet’s house, Sawdah gave her the first place and took care of her till her death.. Afterwards, `Aisha remained a faithful wife to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him; her 10 years of marriage were of the life of a fully dedicated disciple, trainee and scholarly student in the noble Prophetic school. She was the source of knowledge for almost every Companion. She was of the main sources for revealing knowledge and information of the private life of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. She was a big celebrity in politics and the best example of generosity.  
 
The Prophet’s love for `Aisha was a sign of his love for her father.
On being asked about the dearest person to his heart, the Prophet, PBUH), mentioned `Aisha, her father, Abu Bakr.

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16. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) janaza

Question:

It is stated in the seerah that the burial of the prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon Him) was delayed for 3 days and 2 nights following his death. What was the reason given for the delay? I have heard several versions of the reason for this e.g.

(1)  The delay was due to the actual number of people who wished to visit the body,

(2)  The Sahaaba ( ra ) delayed the burial because they considered it more important to appoint a Khalifa (Ref Ibn Hisham )?

Also who led the Jinaza Prayer for Prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon Him)?

Answer:

Knowing that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had encouraged Muslims to bury the dead person quickly after death, yet at the same time his burial was delayed, Muslim scholars have dealt with this issue and gave three possible answers:

1-  Due to the emotional shock of the death, some of them denied and refused to accept his death.

2- They didn't know where to bury him. Some of them suggested that he should be buried in the Buqay', which is the cemetery in Madina, while others suggested that he gets buried in the Masjid itself, and another group proposed that he gets confined in a secluded area until he is raised to prophet Ibrahim (pbuh).

3- The third interpretation of the delay is that the companions got busy and differed on the person who should succeed him. This may have happened between the Muhajireen and the Ansar. But when allegiance or Bay'at was given to Abu Bakr, they return to the prophet (pbuh) where they decided on the place of burial, washed his body, and prepared it for burial. Thank you for asking and God knows best.

About Janaza prayer, Sahabas present over there prayed the Janaza prayer on prophet Muhammad (pbuh). None of them stood up as an imam to lead the prayer so that no one assume that he is the new Khalifa after his death, and also no one will singled out in the reward of leading this important prayer on his soul. Therefore, when the prophet (pbuh) burial was laid down, the companions entered his room and prayed individually the Janaza prayer. Later they all helped out burying him.

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17. Prophets: Are they sinless?

Question:

A well-known concept says that prophets are sinless, but a tradition of the Prophet says that all human beings are sinners. Please comment.

Answer:

You speak of a well-known concept, but I do not know it. Speaking to the Prophet, Allah says in the Qur'an: "Who set up another God beside Allah: Throw him into a severe penalty." (Qaaf 50:26).

If Allah tells the Prophet to include in his supplication a prayer for forgiveness of his own sin, then the concept you are speaking about is false. We know, however, that Allah has forgiven the Prophet all his sins, even before they are committed. We also know that the Prophet was the most obedient of Allah's servants.

Once Aisha saw the Prophet standing up in worship in the middle of the night, despite being tired. She asked him, why did he make such a great effort when he has already been forgiven all his sins. He replied rhetorically: "Should I not, then, be a grateful servant of Allah?" The Hadith to which you are referring is authentic. It states: "All human beings are prone to error and the best of those who err are those who repent."

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18. FUNERAL OF THE PROPHET (PBUH)

Question :

The shia’s claim that the companions were not at the funeral of the prophet? Is this true? And if its not where were they? Are there hadiths to support this?

Answer :  Praise be to Allah.

One of the most hateful characteristics that a person may have is that of lying. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said concerning it: “Beware of lying, for lying leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to Hell. A man may continue to tell lies and Endeavour to tell lies, until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6134) and Muslim (2607).  

None of the groups that claim to belong to the ummah of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is known to tell lies more than the Shi’ah. This is something that has been well known about them from ancient times. The imams referred to that in their books hundreds of years ago, and they still have this hateful characteristic.  

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

The scholars are agreed, on the basis of reports and chains of narrators, that the Raafidah (the Shi’ah) are the most mendacious of groups and that the lies among them are ancient. Hence the imams defined them as being distinguished by the fact that they are liars. 

Imam Maalik was asked about the Raafidah and he said: Do not talk to them and do not narrate from them, because they tell lies. 

Imam al-Shaafa’i said: I have never seen anyone who bears false witness more than the Raafidis. 

Yazeed ibn Haroon said: You can narrate from any man of innovation (bid’ah), provided that he is not active in calling others to his innovation, except al-Raafidah, because they are liars. 

Shareek al-Qaadi said: Acquire knowledge from everyone you meet except the Raafidah, for they fabricate hadeeth and take that as their religion. 

This Shareek is Shareek ibn ‘Abd-Allah al-Qaadi, the qaadi of Kufah, one of the peers of al-Thawri and Abu Haneefah. He is one of the Shi’ah who said with his own tongue: I am one of the Shi’ah, and this was his testimony concerning them. 

These reports are proven; they were narrated by Abu ‘Abd-Allah ibn Battah in al-Ibaanah al-Kubra by him and others. End quote from Minhaaj al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah (1/26-27). 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) died on 12th Rabee’ al-Awwal 11 AH, after the sun had passed its zenith, and he was buried on the Tuesday night, after all the people of Madeenah had offered the funeral prayer for him, as Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Some people came in and said takbeer and offered the (funeral) prayer and said du’aa’, then they left; then others came in and said takbeer and offered the (funeral) prayer and said du’aa’, then they left, until all the people had come in. Narrated by al-Tirmidhi in al-Shamaa’il (p. 338) and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in his review. 

None of these Sahaabah who offered the funeral prayer for the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and were in Madeenah on that day should be thought of as having done anything but attend the funeral of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). This is something so obvious as to need no proof or evidence. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was dearer to them than their spouses, fathers, mothers and children; he was even dearer to them than their own selves, as Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: No person was dearer to them than the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2754) and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. 

But some people’s hearts are filled with hate and resentment against Islam and its people, so they fabricate lies against them and slander them falsely, although they (the Sahaabah) are the best of people after the Prophets and Messengers of Allah, according to the testimony of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who said: “The best of people are my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (2652) and Muslim (2532). 

The one who slanders, denigrates and reviles them is in fact slandering the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), for they are his companions, students and supporters, and they are the dearest of people to him. 

There are reports which show that they attended his funeral, and the matter is too clear to need any evidence, as stated above. 

It was narrated that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The day that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) entered Madeenah was the brightest of all, and the day on which he died was the darkest of all, and as soon as we had finished burying the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), we felt that our hearts had changed.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (3618) and classed as saheeh by Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (5/239). 

Faatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, when the people came back from burying her father (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): O Anas, how could you bear to cover the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) with earth? Narrated by al-Bukhaari (4462). 

So where did these people get this fabrication? 

But it is no wonder that they denied something that is well known and that no Muslim should be unaware of, and they denied that the Quran is preserved, and they claimed that it was distorted and that something was taken away from it, and they impugned the honour of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and they reviled his Companions in the worst manner, even though their virtue is mentioned in the Holy Quran and the mutawaatir ahaadeeth from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), on which the ummah is unanimously agreed.

We ask Allah to support His religion and cause His Word to prevail, and to defeat falsehood and its people. 

May Allah send blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions. 

And Allah knows best.

Excerpted, from: http://islamqa.com/en/

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19. Prophet's (PBUH) hair and its reverence

Question :

I have seen in some houses and mosques in India and Pakistan hairs which are said to be from the beard of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). One hair is preserved in a decorative bottle with a glass top. It is displayed on a certain day every year, coinciding with the birth anniversary of the Prophet. People from the surrounding area come to view the hair and pass file very respectfully paying homage. Some touch the box or kiss it and then rub their hands on their faces and bodies, hoping for a blessing. It is also believed that the preserved hair grows inside the box. Its custodian cuts the grown hair and gives it to another mosque to make a similar box for a similar display. Please comment.

Answer :

Let us begin first by assuming that this hair has actually been taken from the Prophet's beard. What then? It remains a hair which cannot bring any benefit or cause any harm. We have not heard of any companion of the Prophet who has taken anything that has been cut off or fell off the body of the Prophet to preserve it for reverence or to keep it to one's family. When the Prophet offered his pilgrimage, he went to Makkah with his hair long. He shaved his head there in order to release himself from the state of consecration, as pilgrims do. If there were any benefits to be gained from preserving his fallen off hair, his companions would have competed to take his hair or to distribute it among themselves. None of them ever contemplated the idea. Similarly the Prophet clipped his nails regularly, but we have no report that anyone of his wives or companions preserved any of his nail clippings.

We must not forget that the companions of the Prophet had a much keener insight into what is acceptable and what is unacceptable in Islam than any one of us. The Prophet lived among them and they loved him as true Muslims should love the Prophet, demonstrating practically that they were always prepared to sacrifice themselves to defend him against his enemies, so that he might complete his mission and convey Allah's message to mankind. They, however, did not consider the body of the Prophet as an object which should be sanctified. Hence, had this hair been truly taken from the Prophet's beard or head, it should have been buried, as it is recommended to do with any part of a human body which falls off or are cut off or amputated.

Is it not time for people of this day and age who claim to follow Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and believe in his message to question some of their practices in order to find out whether they are in line with the teachings of the Prophet? These rituals that are done annually in connection with this hair should certainly be questioned. Is it not time that somebody in the community asks: If we do all this with a hair that we claim to have fallen off the beard of the Prophet, why is his body buried? The Prophet's wives, uncles, cousins, and companions would have taken care to preserve his body and keep it for future generations to receive blessings. But they have done nothing of that sort because they knew that such an action would have been un-Islamic.

Moreover, if the body of the Prophet or any part of it should have been an object for preservation and reverence, would Allah have allowed it to be buried? The fact is that Islam does not allow any such practices. Hence, the Prophet was keen to explain to his companions that he should be buried in the same manner as other mortals. Moreover, Prophets are always buried in the same spot where they die. Hence, a grave was dug for the Prophet in the room of his wife, Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her. His body was not kept for any length of time for viewing or blessing or paying homage. His closest companion supervised the preparation of the body for burial, without any delay.

Hence, the honorable thing to do with this hair, if it was truly from the Prophet, is to bury it. It may be argued that there is no harm in people showing their love of the Prophet in this way, even if there is some doubt about the origin of the hair. The question to be asked here is whether this is the right way of showing our love of the Prophet. Throughout the ages Muslim scholars have been unanimous in telling us that the proper way to demonstrate our love of the Prophet is to follow his guidance, implement his Sunnah and advocate his message. You do not need a trace of his body in order to do that. You persevere that you love the Prophet more if you follow his guidance more conscientiously. If you do not implement his teachings, no reverence to this hair, or indeed any part of his body or his person, would be of any use to you on the Day of Judgment, when Allah will question you about your actions and about following the Prophet's guidance.

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20. WAS PROPHET CIRCUMCISED

Question :

Was the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) born circumcised or was he circumcised like other people?

Answer : Praise be to Allah.  

Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) mentioned three opinions concerning the circumcision of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He said: 

There are different opinions on this matter: 

1 – That he was born circumcised 

2 – That Jibreel circumcised him when he split open his chest 

3 –  That his grandfather ‘Abd al-Muttaalib circumcised him according to the Arab custom of circumcising their sons. 

Tuhfat al-Mawlood, p. 201. 

With regard to the first opinion, Ibn al-Qayyim narrated many ahaadeeth in the book mentioned which indicate this, but he ruled all of them to be da’eef (weak). Then he mentioned that if a child is born circumcised, this is a defect and it is a not a sign of virtue as some people think. 

And he said: 

It was said that Caesar the king of Rome whom Imru’ul-Qays came to visit was born like that (i.e., uncircumcised) and Imru’ul-Qays entered upon him in the baths and saw him like that, and composed a line of verse mocking him for being uncircumcised: 

He scorned him because he was not circumcised, and he regarded his being born like that as a defect. This line of verse was one of the reasons that motivated Caesar to poison Imru’ul-Qays and he died. 

The Arabs used to think of the act of circumcision as being something virtuous, but not the feature itself.  

Ibn al-Qayyim said: Allah sent our Prophet from amongst the Arabs, and He gave him attributes of physical perfection and made him of fine lineage. So how could it be possible that he was born circumcised? It was said that circumcision was one of the words with which Allah tested His Close Friend Ibraaheem, and he fulfilled this world, and the most severely tested of mankind are the Prophets, then the next best and the next best. The Prophet listed circumcision as one of the features of the fitrah, and being tested with this and carrying out this command with patience will multiply the reward. It is more befitting that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) should not miss out on this virtue and that Allah should honour him in the same way as He honoured Ibraaheem, because he is more virtuous than any other Prophet. 

Tuhfat al-Mawlood, 205-206 

With regard to the second opinion, he said: 

The hadeeth about the angel splitting open his heart was narrated through many isnaads going back to the Prophet; it does not mention in any of them that Jibreel circumcised him, except in this hadeeth which is (shaadhdh ghareeb (odd and strange). 

Tuhfat al-Mawlood, p. 206 

With regard to the third opinion, he said: 

Ibn al-‘Adeem said: It says in some reports that his grandfather ‘Abd al-Muttalib circumcised him on the seventh day. He said, this seems to be the correct view and closest to reality.  

Tuhfat al-Mawlood, p. 206 

Ibn al-Qayyim said in Zaad al-Ma’aad (1/82): 

This issue arose between two righteous men. One of them wrote a book saying that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was born circumcised and compiled in it ahaadeeth which are not sound at all. His name was Kamaal al-Deen ibn Talhah. He was criticized by Kamaal al-Deen ibn al-‘Adeem who explained that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was circumcised according to the custom of the Arabs. As this was the custom of all of the Arabs, there is no need for a report (to prove that he was circumcised). 

And Allah knows best.

Excerpted, with some modifications, from: http://islamqa.com/en/

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21. IS KAABA BETTER THAN PROPHET GRAVE

Question:

Is the Ka’bah better or the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)?.

Answer: Praise be to Allah.

Many scholars regard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as the best of creation, and in their discussion they also said that he is better than the Ka’bah.

This preference applies only to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) himself, not to the grave in which he is buried. 

Shaykh al-Islam (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about two men who were disputing. One of them said that the soil of the grave of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is better than the heavens and the earth. The other said: The Ka’bah is better. Who is right? 

He replied: Praise be to Allah. As for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) himself, Allah has not created anything nobler than him. As for the soil (of the grave), it is not better than the Ka’bah, the sacred House, rather the Ka’bah is better than it, and none of the scholars suggested that the soil of the grave is better than the Ka’bah apart from al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad. No one said that before him and no one else agreed with him afterwards. And Allah knows best.  

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22. IS PROPHET MUHAMMAD THE BEST OF CREATION?
 

Question:

Is there any evidence that our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of creation?

Answer: Praise be to Allah.

There is a great deal of evidence about the virtues and unique characteristics of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), but as far as we know there is no text that clearly states that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of creation. What has been narrated is that he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of mankind and the leader of the sons of Adam. 

Muslim (4223) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “I will be the leader of the sons of Adam on the Day of Resurrection, and the first one for whom the grave is opened, and the first one to intercede and the first one whose intercession will be accepted.” 

The scholars understood from this text and others which speak of the virtues of our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he is the best of Allah’s creation. 

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Sharh Saheeh Muslim

This hadeeth indicates that he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is superior to all of creation, because the view of Ahl al-Sunnah is that humans are better than the angels, and he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is superior to humans and others. End quote. 

The scholars all described the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as the best of creation, and it will be sufficient to refer to a few of them, so as to avoid making this article too lengthy. 

Imam al-Shaafa’i in al-Umm (4/167)

Imam ‘Abd al-Razzaaq al-San’aani in al-Musannaf (2/419)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (1/313 and 5/127 and 468)

Ibn al-Qayyim in Tahdheeb al-Sunan, hadeeth no. 1787, quoting from ‘Awn al-Ma’bood.

Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Baari, commentary on hadeeth no. 6229

Al-Mardaawi in al-Insaaf (11/422)

Al-Aloosi in Rooh al-Ma’aani (4/284)

Al-Taahir ibn ‘Ashoor in his Tafseer (2/420)

Al-Sa’di in his Tafseer (51, 185, 699)

Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shanqeeti in Adwa’ al-Bayaan (9/215)

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (2/76, 383) 

The scholars of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas were asked: Should we say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of mankind or the best of creation? Is there any evidence that he is the best of creation as many people say? 

They replied: 

Many texts in the Qur’aan and Sunnah speak of the greatness of our Prophet Muhammad and his sublime status before his Lord, may He be exalted, through the noble attributes and unique characteristics that Allah bestowed only upon him, which indicates that he is the best of  creation, the most honoured by Allah and the greatest in status before Him. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

Allah has sent down to you the book (Qur’aan), and Al‑Hikmah (Islamic laws, knowledge of legal and illegal things), and taught you that which you knew not. And Ever Great is the Grace of Allah unto you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم)” (An-Nisa’ 4:113) 

It is difficult to list all the different types of honour that Allah has bestowed, for example: Allah took him as a close friend (khaleel); He made him the Seal of His Messengers; He revealed the best of His Books to him, and made his message one that applies to both mankind and the jinn until the Day of Resurrection; He forgave him his past and future sins; He caused miracles to happen at his hand that superseded those of all the Prophets who came before him; he will be the leader of the sons of Adam (on the Day of Resurrection), the first one for whom the grave will be opened, and the first one to intercede and the first one whose intercession will be accepted; in his hand will be a banner of praise on the Day of Resurrection; he will be the first one to cross al-siraat (a bridge across Hell), the first one to knock at the gate of Paradise and the first one to enter it … and many other unique characteristics and miracles that are mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, which led the scholars to agree unanimously that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the greatest of creation in status before Allah, may He be exalted. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

The Muslims are unanimously agreed that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the greatest of creation in status before Allah, and no other created being has any status that is higher than his or any power of intercession that is greater than his. 

From what has been mentioned above and elsewhere it is clear that our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of the Prophets and the best of creation, and the greatest of them in status before Allah, may He be exalted. But in addition to these virtues and unique characteristics, he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is no more than a human being, so it is not permissible to call upon him or seek his help instead of Allah, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): ‘I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your Ilâh (God) is One Ilaah (i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord” (Al-Kahf 18:110) 

And Allah is the Source of strength. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. End quote. 

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (26/35). 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allah Aal al-Shaykh, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allah ibn Ghadyaan, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan, Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) did not confirm that, noting that there is no clear text concerning that, and he said: 

The well known view of many scholars is that Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of creation. 

But in order to be on the safe side we should say: Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the leader of the sons of Adam and the best of mankind and the best of the Prophets, and so on, following what is said in the texts. I do not know of any report which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the best of all creation in all senses. … So it is better in such matters to follow what it says in the texts. For example, if someone asks: Did Allah favour the sons of Adam in general over all other created beings? We would say: No, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At‑Tayyibaat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preferment” (Al-Isra’ 17:70) 

He did not say “above all of those whom We have created”. Therefore it is better for a person who adhere to that which is mentioned in the texts and not go beyond that. Praise be to Allah, we know that Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the Seal of the Prophets and the noblest and best of the Messengers, the most honoured of them by Allah, may He be exalted. The evidence for that in the Qur’aan and Sunnah is well known. As for that for which there is no clear evidence, then in order to be on the safe side we should refrain from that. But it is well known that you will find many scholars saying that Muhammad is the noblest of creation. End quote from Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftoohah (53/11).

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23. PROPHET MOHAMMAD (PBUH) EXTRA FAVOURS FROM ALLAH

Narrated Jabir bin Abdulla (RTA) The prophet said “I have been given five things which were not given to anyone before me:

a)   Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month' journey.

b)   The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place of praying and a thing to purify (perform tayammum), therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever he is at the time of prayer.

c)   The booty has been made halal (lawful) to me yet it was not lawful to anyone else before me.

d)   I have been given the right of intercession (on The Day of Judgment)

e)   Every prophet used to be sent to his nation only, but I have been sent to all mankind.

(Sahih Al Bukhari Vol. 1, Hadith # 331)
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24. IS JESUS SUPERIOR TO MUHAMMAD?

Question :

Muhammad is dead and Jesus is alive. Doesn't this mean that Jesus is superior to Muhammad?

Answer :

Name of Counselor : Idris Tawfiq

 

Salam, John. Thank you for your question.

Interfaith dialogue begins with respect. It recognizes that there are profound differences between different religions, but that people of faith can nonetheless live together as friends. We should never feel threatened by goodness, wherever it is to be found. Surely, as adults we can respect one another's differences without resorting to offending one another.

Muslims believe that Jesus was taken up and saved from being crucified. Anyone who believes that Jesus was crucified (or killed another way) can no longer be called a Muslim

As for Jesus's being taken up, whether dead or alive, and the nature of the life he is now leading, scholars hold different views in this regard, as this is not decisively established in the Quran.

It is very difficult to discuss a question when the one asking it has already assumed certain things to be the case. Also, talk of one prophet being superior to another is not helpful for a real interfaith dialogue to take place. However, we will try to answer as best we can.

We have repeated time and time again that Muslims respect all former prophets. Adam (peace be upon him) was the first Muslim, according to Islam, and Noah (peace be upon him) is described in the Quran as the first prophet:

“Verily, We have inspired you (O Muhammad SAW) as We inspired Nűh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; We (also) inspired Ibrâhim (Abraham), Ismâ'il (Ishmael), Ishâque (Isaac), Ya'qűb (Jacob), and Al-Asbât [the twelve sons of Ya'qűb (Jacob)], 'Iesa (Jesus), Ayub (Job), Yűnus (Jonah), Hârűn (Aaron), and Sulaimân (Solomon), and to Dawűd (David) We gave the Zabűr (Psalms)”  (An-Nisaa' 4:163)

Former prophets, like Jesus, Moses, and Abraham (peace be upon them all), were given a message by Almighty Allah, but His final message, according to Islam, was given to Muhammad (peace be upon him) who was the Seal of the Prophets.

Similarly, all previous messages were an important revelation by Allah at their time in history, but the Noble Quran is Allah's final revelation to humankind for all time. Muslims believe that : 

"Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is God's messenger and the seal of the prophets, and Allah has full knowledge of all things."   (Al-Ahzab 33:40)

 Muslims also believe that the revelation given to Muhammad includes all the merits contained in the previous messages of those former prophets. Allah says what means,

“He (Allâh) has ordained for you the same religion (Islâm) which He ordained for Nűh (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad SAW), and that which We ordained for Ibrahîm (Abraham), Műsa (Moses?) and 'Iesa (Jesus) saying you should establish religion, and make no divisions in it (religion)….”   (Ash-Shura 42:13)

In other words, the message given to Jesus is not cancelled by Muhammad, but it is included in the revelation given to him.

Similarly, Muslims also believe that prophets are human beings. They are not God, but men like you and me, but they were entrusted with a special gift of revelation. Jesus and Muhammad, then, are created human beings who have none of the divine qualities of Allah. Claims that the writers of the Gospels make about Jesus are not held to be true by the Quran. Jesus is said to deny these claims.

When Prophet Muhammad died, his grief-stricken followers gathered together to bury him. They had been with him for so many years and were heartbroken that their leader had been taken from them. It took the wisdom of Abu Bakr to declare  "For those of you who follow Muhammad, Muhammad is dead, but for those of you who follow Allah, Allah is alive." Just before this, `Umar had refused to believe that Allah could have allowed Muhammad to die. Surely, he thought, Allah would save him and raise him up. But Abu Bakr pointed out a very important truth: Muhammad was a man. He was perhaps the greatest man ever to have lived, but he was a man nonetheless. Not a Allah or a saint, but a man, like you and me.

In speaking about Jesus, it seems that Christians fell into exactly this same trap, which Islam managed to avoid. When it was made to appear to them that Jesus was killed, his followers were heartbroken. They, too, had been with him for so long and had pinned all their hopes on him. How could Allah take him from them, they thought? Out of an exaggerated love for him, they refused to believe that Allah could have allowed him to die. Encouraged by the writings of Saint Paul, they began to believe that Jesus did not die, but that he was raised from the dead and is still alive today, no longer a man, but equal to Allah. Allah's son. For Muslims, this is idolatry, since Allah has no partners and no one is equal to Him, but we can see how Christians came to believe this.

The Noble Quran is quite clear that Jesus did not die on the cross and it is equally clear that Jesus is not equal to Allah: 

“He  (Jesus) was not more than a slave. We granted Our Favour to him, and We made him an example to the Children of Israel (i.e. his creation without a father)”  (Az-Zukhraf 43:59)

 For Christians, then, to begin arguing that Jesus is alive and so is superior to Muhammad (peace be upon them both) is to use an argument that does not work for Muslims. Muslims respect and honor Jesus as a prophet of Allah, but they see Muhammad as the final prophet, chosen by Allah to sum up all that had gone before.

Someone told me recently that he had attended a workshop about Jesus which was attended by both Christians and Muslims. The workshop members got on together very well, even though they believed different things about Jesus. One group believed him to be divine. The other group did not. However, at the end of the day, someone suggested that instead of this being a cause for division, they should both admit to what they agreed upon: Jesus is a truly remarkable person. Instead of being a cause for division, then, the person of Jesus can be seen in such a context as a cause for bringing people together.

Numerous historians down through the ages have looked at the achievements of Muhammad and have put him at the top or near to the top of the greatest men who have ever lived. Muslims do not use this language of "superiority" but simply call Muhammad the final prophet of Allah.

Claiming that Jesus is alive, using the four gospel writers as proofs, is just not evidence. It is certainly not evidence enough to declare him superior to Muhammad. These four gospels were chosen, after all, from among many others, and they were written not to prove that Jesus is divine, but to support the belief of those who already felt this. In other words, Muslims believe that there is no existing scripture which makes such a claim.

Muslims believe that the message given to Jesus no longer exists. It is no longer to be found anywhere. What we have are the written works of men. The only things we know about Jesus with certainty are to be found in the Glorious Qur'an.

Muslims respect the beliefs of others, but it is sometimes necessary to refute falsehood where it touches upon Muslims' belief which has been revealed in the Qur'an. Muslims have the greatest respect for what Christians hold dear, but they assert quite categorically that Jesus did not die on the Cross but was raised up to heaven and that he is not Allah's son. One of Allah's prophets, yes, but not a Allah.  

Muhammad is the final seal of all that Almighty Allah had ever said to humankind. Through him we see how it is possible to live as Muslims in this world, respecting all former prophets and bowing down in submission to Allah as they all once did. Muhammad is not a Allah or a saint, but the greatest of men.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/

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25. HOW TO FOLLOW PROPHET MOHAMMAD?

Question:

Name of Questioner: Muhammad  - Malaysia Date:        08/Mar/2003

  • How can I follow Prophet Muhammad as an example, without too much complications?
  • What were the basic characteristics of Prophet Muhammad’s manners and ethics?

Please give me a brief account to help me get a quick, but clear vision. Thank you.

Answer :  Name of Counselor             AAI Editorial Staff

This answer was provided by Dr. Rami Diabi, a sincere friend of AAI.

Allah sent His prophet and taught him to be the best in ethics throughout history. So, we would never find any new moral ethics – now or ever - without finding it in the complete personality of our beloved prophet (pbuh).

Here is a little hint of what I conclude as the most important prophetic ethics and manners, which set an example to all mankind. Most important is love and mercy, which was the big title for this character. This is in addition to many great points - yet simple - from which we can conclude the following:

  • When you like people to follow an order of Islam, do it to yourself before ordering others to do it.
  • Try to be a practical example of the Qur’an, for the prophet was a ‘walking Qur’an’.
  • Remember that the best of Muslims is the one who is best in his home, just like the prophet who called for treating kids and wife with mercy and love.
  • Visiting your neighbor and checking upon their welfare is a simple application of the prophet’s sunnah (traditions).
  • Give your fellow-Muslims their rights: salaam, visiting their patients, following their funeral, responding to their invitations etc…

I also need to repeat that he was the role model in his ethics. He reflected the best ethics in world history, by applying these values in reality. Among these ethics and values are also the following:

  • Truthfulness
  • Honesty
  • Love and mercy for all Muslims and the whole world.
  • Treating children with extreme tenderness and mercy.
  • Being the first man in the fronts during battles.
  • Never submit to anger, except if the borders of God were crossed.
  • Humbleness.
  • Tolerance and patience with hardship when it comes to materialistic life.
  • Giving more care and attention to the soul and providing it through much fasting and night prayers (qiyam al-layl)
  • Confirming the importance of science in fighting ignorance.
  • Wisdom in da`wah. For example: using simple language while preaching people so that they can understand and comprehend, giving the right thing to the right person in a right time and place, and using a slow gradual plan to develop iman (faith) in people’s hearts, etc.

This is a quick account, as you requested, brother Muhammad.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: http://www.readingislam.com/

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26. Why prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was not having sons

Question :  When prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was so much loved by Allah then why his lineage was not continued by his sons?

Answer :  Praise be to Allah.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was having three sons but all of them were taken by Allah in their early ages. The possible reason is as follows,

Allah has declared in Quran that prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will be the last prophet to humanity and there won’t be any prophet after him. In past there used to be prophets whose sons are also designated as prophet by Allah’s due to his grace. Now if prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had been given a lasting sons, then question was  whether they would have to be given prophethood or not.

If prophethood have been given to his lineage, then prophet Muhammad (PBUH) could not been The Last Prophet, as Allah wanted him to be. If not given, then critics could have said that older prophets were more dear to Allah then prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as they were given prophet sons and grand sons, but not to him.

So it is Allah’s wisdom that he saved his beloved prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from both of these accuses. He is the last prophet to all humanity and no person will ever be designated prophet after him. Thus he has the honor of not only The Last Prophet but also prophet for whole of humanity and Jinns.

Prophet Jesus (PBUH) who will be coming before the end of world, but will not be coming as new prophet but as a follower of prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He was taken to skies live, so he will not be new prophet.  When he will get descended, he will be offering his first prayer under the follower of prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that is Mahdi.

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27. FAMILY TREE OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD & PROPHETIC SEAL

Question :

What is family tree of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him)?

What is seal of prophethood?

Answer : 

Family Tree

The following family tree of our beloved Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.

 It was taken from http://www.muhammad.net/bio/Muhammad_tree.html

and

http://www.answering-christianity.com/family_tree.htm

Seal-Mark Of Prophetship

The “Seal of Prophethood” was a mark on the shoulder of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him). Sahih Muslim Vol.IV,no.5790 is concerning the Prophet's birthmark being a sign of his prophethood.

The sound hadiths agree on the Seal-mark of Prophetship (1) being thus called and (2) being a hairy lump of flesh on his left shoulder-blade ranging between a dove's egg and a small palm or fistful in size. The Ulema said that this particular physical sign was thus described among the marks of the final Prophet in the revealed Books that preceded Islam.

The Syrian Christian monk Bahira recognized it as such in the famous narration of the trip of Abu Talib with his nephew to Busra, narrated from Abu Musa al-Ash`ari by al-Tirmidhi (hasan), Ibn Abi Shayba, al-Hakim (sahih), Abu Nu`aym in Dala'il al-Nubuwwa (p. 170-172 #109), and al-Bayhaqi in Dala'il al-Nubuwwa as cited in al-Suyuti's al-Khasa'is al-Kubra (1:206), while Ibn Hajar said its chain was strong and its narrators trustworthy in al-Isaba (1:179) and Fath al-Bari (10:345).

Some non-sahih narrations also state that the birthmark contained writing that said: "Muhammadun Rasulullah" and "sir fa'innaka mansur" = "Go forth for you shall certainly be granted victory.

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28. Miracles of Muhammad (by Yousef Assets)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzYgjC44dhA

 

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